EVOLUTION OF THE PEN Jennifer Sieben and Tori Boldt Period 4 IED http://www.insidesocal.com/click/2007/12/hardhitting-amazon-reviews-on.html http://www.sodahead.com/fun/this-is-a-two-part-question-pen-or-pencil-and-whats-your-pen-or-pencil-of-choice/question-226681/?link=ibaf&imgurl=http://www.germes-online.com/direct/dbimage/50360636/LED_Light_Pens.jpg&q=pens http://richardxthripp.thripp.com/2008/04/stock-the-quill-pen/
Purpose of Pens <ul><li>What exactly is the reason for pens? </li></ul><ul><li>People all the way back in 4000 B.C. saw the need to record and communicate ideas and information. Since then this idea has evolved into way more than just making scratch marks. </li></ul><ul><li>In today’s world pens not only write, but they can contain flash drives, laser pointers, music, scanners and many other things. </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout history pens have been valuable to almost all of mankind. </li></ul>
Timeline of Pens <ul><li>600-1800 Europeans used quills. </li></ul><ul><li>1803 Metal (steel) Nibs were patented </li></ul><ul><li>Became popular in 1830s. </li></ul><ul><li>1884 1 st proper fountain pen-Lewis Edson Waterman </li></ul><ul><li>1888 & 1916 Ball point pen principle was patented but not commercialized…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1943 Joseph Lazlo and George Biro invent the first commercial pens; the modern ball point pen. Bought by British government. </li></ul></ul>http://ringpen.com/history.html <ul><ul><li>1945 marketed in U.S. economy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1953 1 st inexpensive ball point pen. Biro Brothers. (BIC, Co.) </li></ul><ul><li>1960s Felt tipped pens become popular. Papermate introduces it to U.S. market. </li></ul><ul><li>1980-1990 Roller ball pens. </li></ul><ul><li>1990s Rubberized grips added to pens </li></ul><ul><li>1997 Ring pen went through mass production through the GRANDEE Corporation. </li></ul>http://ringpen.com/history.html http://library.thinkquest.org/08aug/01227/pages/pen.html
<ul><li>1884 First proper and practical fountain pen invented by Lewis Edson Waterman </li></ul><ul><li>Ink was replaced by air-steady ink flow, no blots </li></ul><ul><li>His pens consisted of a metal nib (steel, gold, and iridium), the feed (metal), and a barrel (wood). </li></ul><ul><li>It was made by hand at first, though later he opened a factory in Montreal, employing others to help him. </li></ul>Invention of the Modern Pen http://www.made2shop.com/parker-pens-collection-parker-duofold-pinstripe-pens-c-292_300.html
Why do Pens Need Improvements? <ul><li>You could pick any product and it is very likely that it has evolved or been modified. Almost all of them have been improved in order to fit the needs of the consumers. The same is true for the pen. </li></ul><ul><li>Not only is the effectiveness and ease of using the product important, but innovators also need to find ways to make the product easier to manufacture, therefore lowering prices. </li></ul><ul><li>In a pen, consumers are looking for fluid writing, no leaks, easy grip, no skipping, and no smearing among other things. </li></ul>
Improvements to Pens over the Years <ul><li>Clip (1905) less likely to lose </li></ul><ul><li>Ink cartridge (1927) makes refilling ink easy and clean </li></ul><ul><li>Ball point pens (1943) pens wouldn’t flood, ink dried faster </li></ul><ul><li>Felt-tipped pens (1962) better for writing eastern characters </li></ul><ul><li>Roller ball pens (1973) combination of felt-tipped pens and ballpoint pens </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber grips (1990s) easier gripping </li></ul><ul><li>Ring Pen (1997) Reduces risk of carpal </li></ul><ul><li>tunnel syndrome </li></ul>
Effects on society and the environment <ul><li>There are many benefits to using pens. Some examples… </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent. Because of this they are good for treaties and other official documents, and a lot of them won’t bleed through the paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap prices allow for practically anyone to buy a pen. </li></ul><ul><li>Robust. This allows pens to survive in hands of children and on the battlefield. Ballpoint pens were used a lot in WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>Refillable ink. Therefore not as many resources are needed because some are reusable. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no longer a need for animal feathers for quills. </li></ul><ul><li>Some pens are made from recycled materials which also benefits the earth. </li></ul>
OLD FASHIONED PENS/QUILLS http://wrightcreativity.com/tag/journalism/ http://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Make-a-Feather-Quill-2-ways/ http://www.pixmac.com/picture/inkwell+and+quill/000000146487 http://www.florence-nightingale.co.uk/cms/index.php/online-shop?category_id=&page=shop.browse&limit=20&start=40
NEW HIGH-TECH PENS UV light, flexible LED light, red laser pointer, clip, stylus, and pen Ink completely and untraceably disappears within 2 days of writing http://www.thinkgeek.com/gadgets/tools/b23c/ http://www.thinkgeek.com/gadgets/security/bf21/ http://www.techeblog.com/index.php/tech-gadget/5-high-tech-pens-you-can-actually-buy MP3 player, USB flash drive, shock proof case, 512MB of memory, built-in microphone, radio, and pen http://www.techeblog.com/index.php/tech-gadget/5-high-tech-pens-you-can-actually-buy 256MB, 512MB, or 1GB capacity, USB flash drive, SD card drive
References <ul><li>Ament, P. (2006, May 6). Ballpoint pen history . Retrieved from http://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/ballpen.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Bellis, M. (2010). Lewis waterman-the fountain pen. Retrieved from http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blwaterman.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Bellis, M. (2010). The Fountain pen-lewis waterman. Retrieved from http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa100897.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Forward Slash Media, , & Bristol Developers, . (2007). The History of pens. Retrieved from http://www.null-hypothesis.co.uk/article/110 </li></ul><ul><li>GRANDEE Corporation, . (2007). History of writing utensils. Retrieved from http://www.ringpen.com/history.html Honekai Media , . (2010). Techeblog 5 high tech pens you can actually buy . Retrieved from http://www.techeblog.com/index.php/tech-gadget/5-high-tech-pens-you-can-actually-buy </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable pens: glo pens . (2010, October 9). Retrieved from http://www.theenvironmentalblog.org/2009/10/sustainable-pens-glo-pens.html </li></ul>
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