The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories
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The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories

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    The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories Presentation Transcript

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    • The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Language Methodologies My Profile Language Learning Language Teaching Summary x
    • The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Methodologies Summary Language The Nature of Language Language Learning Language Teaching Form, function, context and meaning Units of language Spoken and written language The Nature of Language x
    • The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Methodologies Summary Language The Nature of Language Language Learning • Units of Language Teaching Language 1. Words-Letters and Sound 2. Words and Morphemes 3. Sentences 4. Text Thorough ≠ Enough Ken: Can you give me a hand? Sue: Just a minute. x
    • The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Language Methodologies The Nature of Language Language Learning Language Teaching James: Do you mind if I open the window? Sonia: Well, actually I’m really cold. Summary x
    • The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Methodologies Language The Nature of Language Language Learning Language Teaching 1. It is with pleasure that we offer you the post of research assistant. 2. Look, I know you mean well, but the thing is we… this isn’t what I want. 3. Having interviewed over fifty people who live in the region, it seems that we would have to conclude that there is a lack of support for the project. 4. Everyone you ask around here will tell you, they’ll tell you, we don’t want it. Summary x
    • The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Methodologies Summary LanguageThe Nature of Language Learning Language Learning Language Teaching No. The traditional teacher-centered learning The student-centered or constructivist learning 1 Expert teacher teaches subject matter; students learn, become educated. Power is decentralized in the classroom in order to make room for everyone’s empowerment. 2 Teacher dispenses wisdom; students absorb it. Students seek out knowledge and understanding rather than being given (or some would say force-fed) it. 3 Motivation comes from grades/extrinsic. 5 6 The teacher selects the projects/texts. Each individual is judged according to his or her merits/abilities. 7 Work is produced for the teacher and judged by her. Motivation comes from within; students are truly interested in what they’re doing and opportunities for pursuing one’s interests are created and cultivated. The students select the projects/texts. Each student is able to play to his or her strengths while learning from the contributions/strengths of groups members as a collaborator on a shared project. Work is produced for an authentic, real audience and has real meaning to students. 8 9 Work often feels like busywork. Students are “given a fish.” Work feels meaningful. Students are “taught how to fish.” x
    • F The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Methodologies LanguageThe Nature of Language Teaching Language Learning Language Teaching Summary x
    • F The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Methodologies Summary LanguageThe Nature of Language Teaching Language Learning Language Teaching Who are the learners? What are their needs? What are their expectations? What material and resources are available? x
    • The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Methodologies Summary Language Methodologies Language Learning Language Teaching Methods or Approaches Traditional Language Traditional Languge Teaching Teaching Communicative Communicative Language Teaching Language Innovative Language Innovative Language Teaching Teaching x
    • The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Methodologies Summary Language Methodologies Language Learning Language Teaching Traditional Language Teaching Grammar Translation Grammar Translation Method Method Direct Method Direct Method Audio-Lingual Audio-Lingual Method Method x
    • The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Methodologies Summary Language Methodologies Language Learning Language Teaching Communicative Language Teaching Communicative Approach Total Physical Response Natural Approach CompetencyBased Approach x
    • The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Methodologies Summary Language Methodologies Language Learning Language Teaching Innovative Language Teaching Silent Way Silent Way Community Language Community Learning Language Learning Suggestopedia Suggestopedia x
    • The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Language Methodologies Summary Additional Language Learning ENRICHMENT Language Teaching How many morphemes are there in these words? TEACHER POSTGRADUATE UNSELFISH x
    • The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Language Methodologies Summary x Additional Language Learning ENRICHMENT Language Teaching 1. The teacher presents grammar rules by explaining them using the learners’ mother tongue. Learners practise these rules by translating sentences both from and into the target language. Learners are expected to learn lists of words in the target language with their mother tongue equivalents. Speaking practice is not considered very important. 2. The teacher provides a spoken model of a short piece of language. Learners repeat it several times and try to memorise it. The teacher corrects any mistakes. Taped material may be used and may include gaps where learners supply the missing words. 3. The teacher does not organise the course around a list of traditional grammar points but instead sets up a series of communicative situations, similar to those that learners may find themselves in in real life. So learners will learn how to order a coffee, how to ask for directions, ways of making suggestions, and so on. 4. At first learners just listen and do not speak until they feel ready. When they do, the teacher responds to meaning, rather than the grammatical form, and the teacher does not draw attention to any grammar points.
    • The Nature of Language Teaching Methodology Theories My Profile The Nature of Language Summary Methodologies Summary Summary Language Learning Language Teaching 1. Language is made up of morphemes (meaningful bits of words), words, sentences and text 2. Language can be analysed into form, function and meaning (which is dependent on context) 3. Language learning may be helped by learners working things out for themselves 4. Learning and the learner should be prioritised over teaching and the teacher 5. There are various language teaching approaches and methodologies that can be adopted 6. The communicative approach prioritises an ability to communicate over a knowledge of ‘rules' x