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Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
Computer Concepts Intro
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Computer Concepts Intro

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These are the slides that I use to introduce my students to computer concepts, to definitions like computing cycles, hardware, software, etc.

These are the slides that I use to introduce my students to computer concepts, to definitions like computing cycles, hardware, software, etc.

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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  • 200 Million Moves/s; 64 CPUs
  • Transcript

    • 1. Computer Concepts Chapter 1
    • 2. Overview <ul><li>Explain Computer Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Define Hardware &amp; Software </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Computer Components </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiate Various Software Types </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiate Computer Platforms </li></ul>
    • 3. A World of Computers <ul><li>Notable Technology Prognostications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I think there is a world market for maybe five computers.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Watson, Chairman of IBM, 1943 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Computers in the future may weigh no more than one and a half tons.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Popular Mechanics, 1949 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ken Olson, President of DEC, 1977 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 4. A World of Computers <ul><li>Computer Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Everywhere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impact Virtually Everyone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creation, Collection, Dissemination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Price/Power </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding of Computers and Their Uses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Knowledge Not Required </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    • 5. What Is A Computer? <ul><li>Computer Definition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic Machine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled by Instructions in its Own Memory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accepts Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raw Facts, Figures, &amp; Symbols </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Processes Data Into Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data that is Organized, Meaningful, and Useful </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Produces &amp; Stores Results </li></ul></ul>
    • 6. What Is A Computer? <ul><li>Information Processing Cycle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Input — Accepts Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Processing — Manipulate Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Output — Produce Results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage — Store Results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication — Send Results to Others </li></ul></ul>
    • 7. What Is A Computer? <ul><li>Hardware &amp; Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic &amp; Mechanical Equipment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Instructions that Tell Hardware How to do Tasks </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 8. Hardware <ul><li>Common Hardware Components </li></ul>
    • 9. Hardware <ul><li>System Unit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Box-like Device </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contains Electronic Components </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Connected to Motherboard </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    • 10. Hardware <ul><li>Input Devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to Enter Data &amp; Instructions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keyboard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mouse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scanner </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Camera </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Video Camera </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Microphone </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 11. Hardware <ul><li>Processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Temporary Storage for Data &amp; Instructions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central Processing Unit (CPU) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Carries Out Instructions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tells Computer What to Do </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attached to Motherboard </li></ul></ul>
    • 12. Hardware <ul><li>Output Devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conveys Information to User </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Printer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speakers </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 13. Hardware <ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holds Data &amp; Instructions for Future Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Material </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Device </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reads / Writes Data </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    • 14. Hardware <ul><li>Communications Devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishes Connection Between Computers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Telephone Lines, Cables, &amp; Satellites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modem </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Converts Digital Signals to Analog &amp; Vice Versa </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    • 15. Hardware <ul><li>Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection of Connected Computers / Devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Share Resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data &amp; Information </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Save Time &amp; Money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Worldwide Network Linking Millions of Computers </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 16. Software <ul><li>Systems Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controls Computer Operations &amp; Hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operating System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set of Programs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinates Activities Among Hardware Devices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allows Users to Run Application Software </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utility Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allow Users to Perform Maintenance-type Tasks </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 17. Software <ul><li>Application Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Performs Specific Tasks for Users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Word Processing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spreadsheet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Database </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Information Management (PIM) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 18. Software <ul><li>Installation </li></ul>
    • 19. Software <ul><li>Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Series of Instructions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tells Computer What to Do </li></ul></ul>
    • 20. Advantages &amp; Disadvantages <ul><li>Computer Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul></ul>
    • 21. Advantages &amp; Disadvantages <ul><li>Computer Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Violation of Privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact on Labor Force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Risks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact on Environment </li></ul></ul>
    • 22. Platforms <ul><li>Personal Computers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PCs &amp; Compatibles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Windows OS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Apple </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Macintosh OS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    • 23. Platforms <ul><li>Personal Computers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notebook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AKA Laptop </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tablet </li></ul></ul>
    • 24. Platforms <ul><li>Mobile Computers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PDA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Phone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Handheld </li></ul></ul>
    • 25. Platforms <ul><li>Computer Platforms </li></ul>
    • 26. Industry Applications <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distance Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online Banking &amp; Investing, Tax Prep </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>911 Dispatching, Squad Notebooks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Healthcare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic Patient Records, PPID </li></ul></ul>
    • 27. Industry Applications <ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collect, Analyze, &amp; Model Data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Publishing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-books, PDF Manuals, MP3s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Travel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Navigation Systems, Reservations, E-tickets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Production, Inventory, Quality Control </li></ul></ul>

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