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Evidence-informed policies and auto/biographical research Morwenna Griffiths School of Education Edinburgh University [ema...
Outline of talk <ul><li>What sort of ‘evidence’ or ‘research’?  </li></ul><ul><li>Value-free, factual, certain and univers...
Research-informed/ evidence-informed policy and strategy: what do leaders need? <ul><li>Value-free?... </li></ul><ul><li>…...
Value free? <ul><li>For education: </li></ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>On the side of </li></ul><ul><li>Action-orie...
Information and facts? <ul><li>i.e. Knowledge that. .. But also: </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge how to </li></ul><ul><li>Prac...
Universally applicable?  (i.e. over time and place)
Epistemology of the practical, unique and particular Aristotle:  Practical wisdom Cavarero, Arendt:  Plurality,  Reciproca...
Practical Wisdom <ul><li>Aristotle provided a rich analysis of the kind of knowledge that guides and is well fitted to, ch...
Plurality <ul><li>  Plurality is the condition of human action because we are all the same, that is, human, in such a way ...
Reciprocal dependency:  Belonging <ul><li>The human being who has lost his place in a community, his political status..and...
Reciprocal dependency:  I and we <ul><li>‘ I’ is a fragment rather than an atom (I am always part of a ‘we’). </li></ul><u...
Natality <ul><li>The frailty of human institutions and laws and, generally, of all matters pertaining to men's living toge...
Epistemological questions <ul><li>Soundness:  </li></ul><ul><li>Truthfulness  </li></ul><ul><li>Validity </li></ul><ul><li...
Sound auto/biographical research <ul><li>Truthfulness: accuracy and sincerity.  </li></ul><ul><li>Representativeness.  </l...
Uses by policy makers <ul><li>L. Gow and A. McPherson:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell them from me </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pam...
So what for us, educational researchers? <ul><li>All our work is personal, passionate and committed.  </li></ul><ul><li>Re...
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Morwenna Griffiths' Talk on Autobiographical Research at UEA, 22 Feb 08

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A talk by Prof Morwenna Griffiths on Autobiographical Research given at UEA's School of Education on 22 Feb 08

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Transcript of "Morwenna Griffiths' Talk on Autobiographical Research at UEA, 22 Feb 08"

  1. 1. Evidence-informed policies and auto/biographical research Morwenna Griffiths School of Education Edinburgh University [email_address]
  2. 2. Outline of talk <ul><li>What sort of ‘evidence’ or ‘research’? </li></ul><ul><li>Value-free, factual, certain and universal, empirical educational research </li></ul><ul><li>Epistemologies of the practical, unique and particular </li></ul><ul><li>Policy makers drawing on auto/biographical stories in educational research. </li></ul><ul><li>Some conclusions for educational researchers </li></ul>
  3. 3. Research-informed/ evidence-informed policy and strategy: what do leaders need? <ul><li>Value-free?... </li></ul><ul><li>… Information and facts?... </li></ul><ul><li>… Which are certain and universally applicable? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Value free? <ul><li>For education: </li></ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>On the side of </li></ul><ul><li>Action-oriented, passionate </li></ul><ul><li>(Compare ‘about education’) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Information and facts? <ul><li>i.e. Knowledge that. .. But also: </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge how to </li></ul><ul><li>Practical wisdom </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding: conceptualisation, realisation. </li></ul><ul><li>Positionality and seeing things differently. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Universally applicable? (i.e. over time and place)
  7. 7. Epistemology of the practical, unique and particular Aristotle: Practical wisdom Cavarero, Arendt: Plurality, Reciprocal dependency, Natality
  8. 8. Practical Wisdom <ul><li>Aristotle provided a rich analysis of the kind of knowledge that guides and is well fitted to, characteristically human – and therefore inescapably ethical – activity (praxis)…. The materials of human affairs, he believes, are subject to such variety and fluctuation that they do not lend themselves to exceptionless, universal formulation. </li></ul><ul><li>Joseph Dunne ‘Practical Reason’ </li></ul>
  9. 9. Plurality <ul><li> Plurality is the condition of human action because we are all the same, that is, human, in such a way that nobody is ever the same as anyone else who ever lived, lives, or will live. </li></ul><ul><li>Arendt, The Human Condition </li></ul>
  10. 10. Reciprocal dependency: Belonging <ul><li>The human being who has lost his place in a community, his political status..and legal personality … can be adequately dealt with only by the unpredictably hazards of friendship and sympathy or by the great and incalculable grace of love. </li></ul><ul><li>Arendt Totalitarianism </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reciprocal dependency: I and we <ul><li>‘ I’ is a fragment rather than an atom (I am always part of a ‘we’). </li></ul><ul><li>Griffiths Feminisms and the Self </li></ul>
  12. 12. Natality <ul><li>The frailty of human institutions and laws and, generally, of all matters pertaining to men's living together, arises from the human condition of natality and is quite independent of the frailty of human nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Arendt The Human Condition </li></ul>
  13. 13. Epistemological questions <ul><li>Soundness: </li></ul><ul><li>Truthfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Validity </li></ul><ul><li>Strong </li></ul><ul><li>Well-grounded or justifiable </li></ul><ul><li>Having a conclusion correctly derived from premises </li></ul>
  14. 14. Sound auto/biographical research <ul><li>Truthfulness: accuracy and sincerity. </li></ul><ul><li>Representativeness. </li></ul><ul><li>Representation. </li></ul><ul><li>Re-framing of the matter at hand. </li></ul><ul><li>Genre. </li></ul><ul><li>Literary quality. </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexivity. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Uses by policy makers <ul><li>L. Gow and A. McPherson: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell them from me </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pamela Munn et al.: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive school discipline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ann Pirrie, Gale Macleod et al: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excluded pupils </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. So what for us, educational researchers? <ul><li>All our work is personal, passionate and committed. </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexivity is essential. </li></ul><ul><li>We need to educate our leaders, including policy makers. </li></ul>
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