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Getting to know the European Union

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  • 1. etwinning In Love with EuropeIn Love with Europe GETTING TO KNOWGETTING TO KNOW EU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy by Elisa Lupica 3°A
  • 2. etwinning GETTING TO KNOW EU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy Member states of the EU •Austria (1995) VIENNA •Belgium (1952) BRUXELLES •Bulgaria (2007) SOFIA •Cyprus (2004) NICOSIA •Czech Republic (2004) PRAGA •Denmark (1973) COPENHAGEN •Estonia (2004) TALLIN •Finland (1995) HELSINKI •France (1952) PARIS •Germany (1952) BERLIN •Greece (1981) ATHENS •Hungary (2004) BUDAPEST •Ireland (1973) DUBLIN •Italy (1952) ROME • • Latvia (2004) RIGA • Lithuania (2004) VILNIUS • Luxembourg (1952) LUXEMBURGH • Malta (2004) LA VALLETTA • Netherlands (1952) AMSTERDAM • Poland (2004) WARSAW • Portugal (1986) LISBON • Romania (2007) BUCAREST • Slovakia (2004) BRATISLAVA • Slovenia (2004) LUBIANA • Spain (1986) MADRID • Sweden (1995) STOCKHOLM • United Kingdom (1973) LONDON
  • 3. etwinning GETTING TO KNOWGETTING TO KNOW EU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy EU symbolsEU symbols The EU is recognisable by several symbols, the most well-known being the circle of yellow stars on a blue background. •The European FlagThe European Flag The European flag is the symbol not only of the European Union, but also of Europe's unity and identity in a wider sense. In 1983, the European Parliament adopted the flag. In 1985, it was adopted by all EU leaders as the official emblem of the European Union (called the European Communities at the time).The 12 stars in a circle symbolise the ideals of unity, solidarity and harmony among the peoples of Europe. The number of stars has nothing to do with the number of member countries, though the circle is a symbol of unity.
  • 4. etwinning GETTING TO KNOW EU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy •The European anthemThe European anthem In 1972, the Council of Europe adopted Beethoven's "Ode to Joy" theme as its anthem. In 1985, it was adopted by EU leaders as the official anthem of the European Union. Without words, in the universal language of music, this anthem expresses the European ideals of freedom, peace and solidarity. The melody used to symbolise the EU comes from the Ninth Symphony composed in 1823 by Ludwig Van Beethoven.
  • 5. etwinning GETTING TO KNOW EU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy Europe Day 9 MayEurope Day 9 May This date is now celebrated as a key moment in the creation of the EU. 9 May, or Europe Day, is the anniversary of the 'Schuman declaration'. Speaking in Paris in 1950, Robert Schuman (the French foreign minister) proposed a new form of political cooperation for Europe, which would make war between Europe’s nations unthinkable.Schuman’s proposal is considered to be the beginning of what is now the European Union.At an EU summit in Milan in 1985, it was decided that 9 May would be celebrated as 'Europe Day'
  • 6. etwinning GETTING TO KNOW EU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy The EU mottoThe EU motto "United in diversity", the motto of the European Union, first came into use in 2000. It signifies how Europeans have come together, in the form of the EU, to work for peace and prosperity, while at the same time being enriched by the continent's many different cultures, traditions and languages. Here, in the different EU languages, some of the posters that feature this motto. English: United in diversity German: In Vielfalt geeint Greek: Ενωμένοι στην πολυμορφία Italian: Uniti nella diversità Portuguese: Unidade na diversidade Romanian: Unitate în diversitate Spanish: Unida en la diversidad
  • 7. etwinning GETTING TO KNOWGETTING TO KNOW EU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy
  • 8. etwinning GETTING TO KNOWGETTING TO KNOW EUEU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy Nobel Peace Prize 2012 The European Union has received the 2012 award for advancing the causes of peace, reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe. The EU’s most important achievement, according to the committee, has been "the successful struggle for peace and reconciliation and for democracy and human rights". The European Union is the 21st international organisation to win the award since 1901.
  • 9. etwinning GETTING TO KNOWGETTING TO KNOW EUEU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me) Italy Money and the EUMoney and the EU The euro is the common currency of most EU countries. The euro The euro – used every day by some 332 million Europeans – is the most tangible proof of cooperation between EU countries. Where does the money come from? The EU obtains revenue not only from contributions from member countries but also from import duties on products from outside the EU Living in the EU Prosperity levels, attitudes, education spending and language learning reveal some of the similarities and contrasts between EU member countries.
  • 10. etwinning GETTING TO KNOW EU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy The economyThe economy The creation of the single market and the corresponding increase in trade and general economic activity transformed the EU into a major trading power. The EU is trying to sustain economic growth by investing in transport, energy and research, seeking to minimise the environmental impact of further economic development. The EU spends around 6% of its annual budget on staff, administration and maintenance of its buildings.
  • 11. etwinning GETTING TO KNOWGETTING TO KNOW EU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy EU PresidentsEU Presidents The 3 main institutions of the EU are each headed by a president: •President of the European Parliament •President of the European Council •President of the European Commission
  • 12. etwinning GETTING TO KNOWGETTING TO KNOW EUEU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy European Parliament President Martin Schulz Term: January 2012 - July 2014 Elected by: Members of the European Parliament Role: •Ensures parliamentary procedures are properly followed •Oversees Parliament's various activities and committees •Represents Parliament in all legal matters and in its international relations •Gives final assent to the EU budget
  • 13. etwinning GETTING TO KNOWGETTING TO KNOW EUEU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy European Council PresidentEuropean Council President Herman Van RompuyHerman Van Rompuy Term: June 2012 - November 2014 Appointed by: national leaders (heads of state or government of EU countries). Role: Leads the European Council's work in setting the EU's general political direction and priorities – in cooperation with the Commission
  • 14. etwinning GETTING TO KNOW EU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy European Commission President José Manuel Barroso Term: January 2010 - December 2014 Appointed by: national leaders (heads of state or government of EU countries), with the approval of the European Parliament. Role: -Gives political guidance to the Commission -Calls and chairs meetings -Leads the Commission's work -Takes part in G8 meetings -Contributes to major debates both in the European Parliament and between EU governments in the Council of the European Union
  • 15. etwinning GETTING TO KNOW EU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy The Founding Fathers of the EU •Konrad Adenauer •Joseph Bech •Johan Willem Beyen • Winston Churchill • Alcide De Gasperi • Walter Hallstein •Sicco Mansholt • Jean Monnet | Robert Schuman • Paul-Henri Spaak • Altiero Spinelli These visionary leaders inspired the creation of the European Union we live in today. Without their energy and motivation we would not be living in the sphere of peace and stability that we take for granted.
  • 16. etwinning GETTING TO KNOW EU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy
  • 17. etwinning GETTING TO KNOW EU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto(Me), Italy
  • 18. etwinning GETTING TO KNOW EU Istituto Comprensivo Castell’Umberto (Me), Italy by Elisa Lupica 3° A