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Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
Easy video1-2-3
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Easy video1-2-3

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Getting started with video production can seem overwhelming -- its much easier if you think about it as a process. Organization is the key. Proper planning prevents poor results. This presentation …

Getting started with video production can seem overwhelming -- its much easier if you think about it as a process. Organization is the key. Proper planning prevents poor results. This presentation is for Wisconsin's Catholic School Librarians.

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  • 1. Easy Video 1-2-3 Organizing a workable process is the key to success©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 2. Our Purpose Today • Not about cameras, mics, light, hardware, and software • Let’s share “tips & tricks” • Workflow process©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 3. Meet 3 Needs• Thinking about getting started?• Beginning video projects?• Experienced with video production?• Today, we’ll support all three!©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 4. Production Quality • Realistic expectations • “Fit for Purpose” • Learn by moving forward • Be reflective©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 5. Video Cameras• Ask around• Models change• Read reviews• Journals & magazines• Think “radio with pictures”• Audio features important• Mini DV is professional standard©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 6. Tripods• Holding camera steady is not easy• Professional cameras rest on shoulders• Tripods need smooth panning left/right and up/down• Manfrotto makes good tripod• Better to not pan tripod if action isn’t smooth• No need to pan if shots are planned and video is edited©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks.
  • 7. Microphones • Dynamic (Sure SM58) • Condenser (typical) • Shotgun mics (condenser) • Ribbon (professional) • Pick up patterns • Wireless or wired?©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 8. Pick Up Patterns• Where mic is sensitive and picks up sound• “Proximity Effect”©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 9. Microphone Cables• XLR (professional, low-impedance)• 1/4 inch (high end)• 1/8 inch “mini” (consumer)• CAUTION: adapters can act as levels and damage input jacks on cameras!©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 10. Lighting • Sunlight is best • Incandescent (high wattage/heat) • Halogen (high wattage/heat • Fluorescent (low wattage/heat, use “grow” or 5,600 K lights) • LED (wattage, can flicker on camera)©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 11. 3-Point Lighting• Traditionally, 3-point or “rim” lighting used for TV• Separates subject from background• Digital video doesn’t need this• For modern style, don’t use ©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher
  • 12. Software• Beginners: iMovie or Windows Movie Maker• Audio: Garage Band (mac) or Audacity (pc)• Macs: Final Cut Pro• PCs: Sony Vegas or Adobe Premier• NOTE: Professional and consumer grade versions©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 13. Teacher-Videos• Model lifelong-learning• Demonstrate authentic skills• Model quality expectations• Introduce ideas/concepts• Very focused, short• 1 minute per age of student• Less-is-more• Short videos prepare students for discussion, projects, assessments©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 14. Getting Started©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 15. Real-Time Shoots• AVOID getting started by shooting video at an event and then editing• Video is time-consuming – unlike print media & photography, few shortcuts• 2 hours of raw video requires more than two hours to watch/log and then capture• Editing into a ½ hour video may take many more hours• Be thoughtful when running the camera• Less is MORE!©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 16. Easy Video 1-2-3• Process of organizing• Learning as you go• Progress, not perfection• Not linear process – many feedback loops• Reflective• Move forward©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 17. 1. Planning • Reflect on what has worked in past • Think about audio needs • Think about lighting • Plan around what works • Plan around editing experience • Use storyboard, script, and/or outline©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 18. 2. Production• Think “radio with picture”• Cameras see everything• HD is not an advantage for most edited projects• Think A-roll (primary video) and B-roll (secondary video)• This makes seamless editing possible©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 19. Faking A/B-Roll• Graphics can be used for B-roll• Try PowerPoint slides with outline• Use pans/zooms (Ken Burns” effect)• Fake with one camera – shoot main footage, then shoot secondary (B-roll)• Make sure “B-roll” clips are long enough (more than 15 seconds)• Planning should include identifying B-roll• Find video sources (I.e. Internet Archive)©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 20. Faking A/B-Roll• Break shoot into chunks• 30-45 seconds each• Move camera for each chunk• Advantage: Presenters can easily, quickly redo any chunk• Ideal for chroma keys – just pan presenter left/right• Edit chunks seamlessly together©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 21. 3. Post-Production• If steps 1 & 2 done properly, this is easiest step• Easier to plan and shoot than fix problems in “post”• Edit A & B-rolls together• Enhance Audio• Apply effects (i.e. chroma-key)• Render to final format©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 22. Great Sound• Noise gate• Compression (NOT file compression)• Equalization• Watch “clipping” – keep volume centered around 0 db• YouTubes/Computers may handle clipping OK (hot audio OK)©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 23. Noise Gates• First in chain• Reduces signal when main signal is quiet/weak• Does not eliminate noise, just brings it down when it would stand out©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 24. Track Equalization• Add deep, rich sound• Add “sparkle”• “Bigger than life”• Bring out sibilants (s, sh, z, etc.)• Make plosives sound rich (b, t, p, etc)©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 25. Compression• Balancing quiet sounds and louder sounds• Brings out bass sounds• Large amounts of compression sometimes called “limiting”• Makes speech easier to hear.• Massively used in today’s digital music©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 26. Band Equalization• Final adjustment• Compression increases bass• Speech typically has no sounds below 56K• Analog hi-fi systems have this type of equalization• Ideally, smooth curve©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 27. More EQ: Notches• More bands/sliders best (i.e. 20 not 10)• Experiment – 1 band can greatly enhance sound• Pushing slider(s) above curve is OK• Unwanted noise can be reduced by “notching” down©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 28. Chroma Keys• Common effect• Remove background• Drop in picture or video• Need even lighting Flex• Tricky with digital video• Usually lime-green, though sometimes blue©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 29. Videos w/o Camera!• Good cameras are expensive• Make videos with no camera!• Use USB microphone/headset like gamers use• Record with freeware Audacity• Edit and enhance audio• Use graphics, “Ken Burns effect” or video clips from other sources©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 30. CrazyTalk Software• www.reallusion.com/crazytalk• Creates lip-syncs, head movements, and shoulders• Puppeteer with mouse!• Many demo videos online• Choose picture/characters• Can create perfect chroma key©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  • 31. Good Luck!• Email me questions or your examples• webmaster@clubtnt.org• Available for consulting; shoots; projects; as a media specialist position, computer teacher, or technology director• Thank you,Wisconsin Catholic Schools!©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved

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