Easy video1-2-3

1,204 views
1,137 views

Published on

Getting started with video production can seem overwhelming -- its much easier if you think about it as a process. Organization is the key. Proper planning prevents poor results. This presentation is for Wisconsin's Catholic School Librarians.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,204
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
327
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Easy video1-2-3

  1. 1. Easy Video 1-2-3 Organizing a workable process is the key to success©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  2. 2. Our Purpose Today • Not about cameras, mics, light, hardware, and software • Let’s share “tips & tricks” • Workflow process©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  3. 3. Meet 3 Needs• Thinking about getting started?• Beginning video projects?• Experienced with video production?• Today, we’ll support all three!©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  4. 4. Production Quality • Realistic expectations • “Fit for Purpose” • Learn by moving forward • Be reflective©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  5. 5. Video Cameras• Ask around• Models change• Read reviews• Journals & magazines• Think “radio with pictures”• Audio features important• Mini DV is professional standard©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  6. 6. Tripods• Holding camera steady is not easy• Professional cameras rest on shoulders• Tripods need smooth panning left/right and up/down• Manfrotto makes good tripod• Better to not pan tripod if action isn’t smooth• No need to pan if shots are planned and video is edited©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks.
  7. 7. Microphones • Dynamic (Sure SM58) • Condenser (typical) • Shotgun mics (condenser) • Ribbon (professional) • Pick up patterns • Wireless or wired?©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  8. 8. Pick Up Patterns• Where mic is sensitive and picks up sound• “Proximity Effect”©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  9. 9. Microphone Cables• XLR (professional, low-impedance)• 1/4 inch (high end)• 1/8 inch “mini” (consumer)• CAUTION: adapters can act as levels and damage input jacks on cameras!©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  10. 10. Lighting • Sunlight is best • Incandescent (high wattage/heat) • Halogen (high wattage/heat • Fluorescent (low wattage/heat, use “grow” or 5,600 K lights) • LED (wattage, can flicker on camera)©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  11. 11. 3-Point Lighting• Traditionally, 3-point or “rim” lighting used for TV• Separates subject from background• Digital video doesn’t need this• For modern style, don’t use ©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher
  12. 12. Software• Beginners: iMovie or Windows Movie Maker• Audio: Garage Band (mac) or Audacity (pc)• Macs: Final Cut Pro• PCs: Sony Vegas or Adobe Premier• NOTE: Professional and consumer grade versions©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  13. 13. Teacher-Videos• Model lifelong-learning• Demonstrate authentic skills• Model quality expectations• Introduce ideas/concepts• Very focused, short• 1 minute per age of student• Less-is-more• Short videos prepare students for discussion, projects, assessments©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  14. 14. Getting Started©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  15. 15. Real-Time Shoots• AVOID getting started by shooting video at an event and then editing• Video is time-consuming – unlike print media & photography, few shortcuts• 2 hours of raw video requires more than two hours to watch/log and then capture• Editing into a ½ hour video may take many more hours• Be thoughtful when running the camera• Less is MORE!©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  16. 16. Easy Video 1-2-3• Process of organizing• Learning as you go• Progress, not perfection• Not linear process – many feedback loops• Reflective• Move forward©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  17. 17. 1. Planning • Reflect on what has worked in past • Think about audio needs • Think about lighting • Plan around what works • Plan around editing experience • Use storyboard, script, and/or outline©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  18. 18. 2. Production• Think “radio with picture”• Cameras see everything• HD is not an advantage for most edited projects• Think A-roll (primary video) and B-roll (secondary video)• This makes seamless editing possible©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  19. 19. Faking A/B-Roll• Graphics can be used for B-roll• Try PowerPoint slides with outline• Use pans/zooms (Ken Burns” effect)• Fake with one camera – shoot main footage, then shoot secondary (B-roll)• Make sure “B-roll” clips are long enough (more than 15 seconds)• Planning should include identifying B-roll• Find video sources (I.e. Internet Archive)©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  20. 20. Faking A/B-Roll• Break shoot into chunks• 30-45 seconds each• Move camera for each chunk• Advantage: Presenters can easily, quickly redo any chunk• Ideal for chroma keys – just pan presenter left/right• Edit chunks seamlessly together©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  21. 21. 3. Post-Production• If steps 1 & 2 done properly, this is easiest step• Easier to plan and shoot than fix problems in “post”• Edit A & B-rolls together• Enhance Audio• Apply effects (i.e. chroma-key)• Render to final format©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  22. 22. Great Sound• Noise gate• Compression (NOT file compression)• Equalization• Watch “clipping” – keep volume centered around 0 db• YouTubes/Computers may handle clipping OK (hot audio OK)©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  23. 23. Noise Gates• First in chain• Reduces signal when main signal is quiet/weak• Does not eliminate noise, just brings it down when it would stand out©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  24. 24. Track Equalization• Add deep, rich sound• Add “sparkle”• “Bigger than life”• Bring out sibilants (s, sh, z, etc.)• Make plosives sound rich (b, t, p, etc)©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  25. 25. Compression• Balancing quiet sounds and louder sounds• Brings out bass sounds• Large amounts of compression sometimes called “limiting”• Makes speech easier to hear.• Massively used in today’s digital music©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  26. 26. Band Equalization• Final adjustment• Compression increases bass• Speech typically has no sounds below 56K• Analog hi-fi systems have this type of equalization• Ideally, smooth curve©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  27. 27. More EQ: Notches• More bands/sliders best (i.e. 20 not 10)• Experiment – 1 band can greatly enhance sound• Pushing slider(s) above curve is OK• Unwanted noise can be reduced by “notching” down©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  28. 28. Chroma Keys• Common effect• Remove background• Drop in picture or video• Need even lighting Flex• Tricky with digital video• Usually lime-green, though sometimes blue©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  29. 29. Videos w/o Camera!• Good cameras are expensive• Make videos with no camera!• Use USB microphone/headset like gamers use• Record with freeware Audacity• Edit and enhance audio• Use graphics, “Ken Burns effect” or video clips from other sources©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  30. 30. CrazyTalk Software• www.reallusion.com/crazytalk• Creates lip-syncs, head movements, and shoulders• Puppeteer with mouse!• Many demo videos online• Choose picture/characters• Can create perfect chroma key©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
  31. 31. Good Luck!• Email me questions or your examples• webmaster@clubtnt.org• Available for consulting; shoots; projects; as a media specialist position, computer teacher, or technology director• Thank you,Wisconsin Catholic Schools!©2013 Wm. Breitsprecher & Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved

×