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Nursing History: Why We carry a Lamp

Nursing History: Why We carry a Lamp

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  • Class , This lesson plan will briefly cover contributions from nurses from the past.
  • I wonder what the Sim lab would have looked like in the late nineteenth century? Or maybe they are just darning socks?
  • You were expected to wear a white nursing cap when you were on duty at one time. They were a kind of status symbol . You got a black stripe when you became a senior and nearer to graduation. Every school then ,as now did it a little differently but, of course, caps no longer hold the symbolic importance they use to. Actually , they looked nice but were a pain to keep on your head.So our objective is to understand the personal contributions and the sacrifices of nurses from years past.
  • We are going to discuss 2 very different ladies from long ago. One somehow got lost in the annuals of American nursing but has since become revived and justly so. Her contributions to nursing were vastly out shadowed by her contemporary and our profession’s founder, Florence Nightingale. It was around 1854 and her noted heroics have now been reaffirmed. We are going to review her actions and the effects of the times she lived in. The other lady , instrumental in founding the American Red Cross, is someone we all are familiar with and her contributions too were affected by the events of the times.
  • As an additional note I would like to mention my first Director of Nurses in 1979 who had the old diploma school background. Nobody really knew how old she was or even if she had a husband. She was always dressed in white, very clean and starched, and proper. The younger nurses thought she didn’t have any other clothes. She walked around with a perpetual glare on her face for everyone except the very sick and then you saw a transformation and you caught a glimpse of why she became a nurse. Everybody was afraid of her. If she caught you in dingy whites , scuffed shoes, or hair touching your collar ,heaven help you! Now, we are going to learn a little about the influence of nurses, not unlike her, from the past, and by the end of this course you will have a better understanding of their immense struggle .
  • We all know about the contributions of Florence Nightingale and much about Clara Barton. However, I am going to review Barton’s actions and the reason they became effective in a man’s world. Current events and socioeconomic times dictated to some extent how and why these women were able to have a lasting place in nursing and in world history.
  • Mary Seacole and Clara Barton, two different ladies from different worlds . The two videos give you a brief glimpse of these ladies . The first video is approx 12 minutes long but I encourage you to watch it as it gives you an idea of the circumstances and the socio-political climate that Mary endured. The second video shows a quick look at clara and includes some interesting old photos.
  • She was an astute business woman and brought her own supplies to help nurse British and French, and Turkish soldiers. She opened a hotel and made money which further helped her to help the wounded.
  • Mary Seacole had an indirect effect on following generations. With the publication of her book she became, in Britain for a brief time, a rock star of the mid 1800’s because of her courage and endurance during the Crimea War.
  • Clara Barton was a caring woman but not a strong administrator and was eventually pushed out of her leadership of the Red Cross. Mostly, because it was still a man’s world. But the organization …
  • Continued on and grew to the number one world relief organization it is today.
  • Quick question. For those that don’t realize yet that nurses have always multitasked from the very beginning of our profession.
  • Just as a small note Florence Nightingale was a woman of many talents. Her brief meeting with Mary Seacole may or may not have shown that she was prejudice to women of color but her motives might have been due to the political atmosphere as well. She was sorely pressed to get medicines and bandages for the soldiers and maybe the idea of accepting Mary Seacole as a nurse was in part due to the lack of British public acceptance and a possible reason for with-holding funds.
  • If they had had a Sim Lab in those times it would probably looked like this.
  • If you have any questions please feel free to ask.


  • 1. NursingHistory:Why carry a Lamp? Lesson PlanMary Boerigter RN, BSN Kaplan University
  • 2. Nursing History: Why carry a Lamp? Courtesy of the University of Pennsylvania Could this be an early Simulator Lab?
  • 3. Nursing History: Why Carry a Lamp? Unit # 1 Course Objective : #1 *Students will develop anunderstanding of theimportant contributionsto the nursing professionof others from the past. Courtesy of the University of Pennsylvania
  • 4. Nursing History: Why carry a Lamp? Course Objective #2 Students will be able to identify 2 historical figures specific to nursing . # 3 Students will understand the Socio/Economic period .#4 Students will understand why these contributions had impact at that time.
  • 5. Nursing History: Why Carry the Lamp? Learning Objectives for this Course By the end of this course nursingCourtesy of the University of students will be ablePennsylvania to: Not unlike my first Director of Nurses!
  • 6. Nursing History: Why carry a Lamp?1. Identify 2 important figures in nursing history.2. Understand their contribution to the nursing profession.3. Relate the Socio/Economic period.4. Explain why these figures had an important impact on nursing history.
  • 7. Nursing History: Why Carry a Lamp? 2 noted and valiant women who overcame enormous prejudice one for her color and one her conviction. Mary Seacole and Clara Barton Courtesy of the National Park ServiceCourtesy of the Florence Nightingale Museum
  • 8. Nursing History: Why carry a Lamp?
  • 9. Nursing History: Why carry a Lamp?
  • 10. Nursing History: Why carry a Lamp?Question:How did Mary Seacole contribute to theprofession of nursing?1. Her determination provided a understanding within the British Military2. Her book published in 1857 introduced the idea that all women even women of color have the knowledge, courage and understanding to provide nursing care…. She helped blaze a trail for…
  • 11. Nursing History: Why carry a Lamp?
  • 12. Nursing History: Why carry a Lamp?• What was Clara Barton’s contribution to nursing and to the world?• 1. Humble as it was she helped nurse soldiers in the field with little supplies and little knowledge.• 2. She helped to identify over 13,000 dead.• 3. She instituted and established The American Red Cross.
  • 13. Nursing History: Why carry a Lamp?
  • 14. Nursing History: Why carry a Lamp?Question:Who first demonstrated the use of aPie-like Chart in order to persuadepeople the need for change?
  • 15. Nursing History: Why carry a Lamp?Answer:Nightingale may not have inventedstatistical graphs, but “she may havebeen the first to use them forpersuading people of the need for Nurse. Scrubs.comchange.” ( Hughes) Cohen, 2012)
  • 16. Nursing History: Why carry a Lamp? Where could the Simulator Lab Be ? Maybe Here?
  • 17. Nursing History: Why carry a Lamp? Assignment:1. Go to my blog called Nursing History from Personal Diaries and read more about these ladies and more from the past. http://www.nursinghistoryfrompersonaldiaries.blogspot. com2. Go to http://www.monkeysurvey and think of 5 things questions you would like to ask of these 2 nurses.3. In class on Wednesday we will exchange questions and by next Wednesday’s class after researching you will be prepared to answer your partner’s 5 questions. Thank You
  • 18. ReferencesClara Barton: Civil War nurse Founder of the American RedCross. Retrieved fromhttp://americancivilwar.com/women/cb.htmlCohen, G. Pie Chart. Retrieved from http:///uncNorth Carolina: A century of caring. Women’s History.Retrieved from http://www.about.comSeacole, M. ( 1857) Wonderful adventures of Mrs Seacole.London, UK: James Blackwood. Retrieved fromhttp://www.digital.library.upenn.edu/womenSeparate but equal (2012). Nurseweek.Retrieved fromhttp://www.nurseweek.com/feature/99-12