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An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
 

An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS

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Powerpoint of the presentation delivered at Sunbelt - world’s biggest conference on social network analysis - by Antonio A. Casilli and Paola Tubaro

Powerpoint of the presentation delivered at Sunbelt - world’s biggest conference on social network analysis - by Antonio A. Casilli and Paola Tubaro

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    An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction Approach Model Findings Final remarks An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS Antonio A. Casilli1 Paola Tubaro2 1 Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris 2 The Business School, University of Greenwich, London 2 July 2010 Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Outline Model Motivation Findings Final remarks Outline 1 Introduction 2 Approach 3 Model 4 Findings 5 Final remarks Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Outline Model Motivation Findings Final remarks Motivation and background Studying online subcultures; Self-presentation, emergence of shared cultural patterns through SNS; Building social capital online (of bonding and bridging types); A general ethno-computational methodology; SNA; ABM; Ethnographies; Opens the way to questions of social legitimation of styles and cultural traits. Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Outline Model Motivation Findings Final remarks Online presence, culture, and friendship formation Online presence through “traces” that reflect cultural traits and styles; Not only a matter of individual preferences and tastes; Inter-personal and collective dimension: interaction and feedback from others (friends) to legitimate and maintain these traces. Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Model Findings Final remarks A general analytical framework Figure: The logic of qualitatively-informed agent-based models in “butterfly” shape (Tubaro, P., Casilli, A. A. (2010), “An Ethnographic Seduction”: how Qualitative Research and Agent-based Models can Benefit Each Other. Bulletin de M´thodologie Sociologique, 16(1), doi: 10.1177/0759106309360111) e Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Model Findings Final remarks Ethnographic study Insight from preliminary qualitative study* is that online network formation may depend upon: Privacy settings, i.e. visibility of contents to others; Self-display, i.e. personal and cultural traits exhibited. and that traits may change with network composition. The model aims to problematize and enrich these results: conducting thought experiments; replicating and generalizing in simulated, larger networks. Qualitatively-informed model: insight into behavior and motivations of actors. *Casilli, A. A. (2010). Les liaisons num´riques. Paris, Seuil. e Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Variables Model Interface Findings Structure Final remarks Variables and indicators We focus on the impact of: tendency to conformism vs. dissonance in cultural traits; preference for “bonding” vs. “bridging” in tie formation; possibility to limit incoming ties through privacy protection. We measure impact through: number and size of components; homogeneity of traits within and between components; evolution of privacy settings over time. Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Variables Model Interface Findings Structure Final remarks Model Interface Skip comment Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Variables Model Interface Findings Structure Final remarks Structure of the model: initialization At initialization, each actor is endowed with: a vector (several dimensions) of traits; a privacy setting (visible/invisible). Actors can be: isolates; connected; If connected: they share most traits with their contacts; but may differ on one dimension; this depends on the “Dissonance” parameter Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Variables Model Interface Findings Structure Final remarks Structure of the model: a typical step At each step, an actor is randomly selected and makes two choices: relational: form or delete a tie, or no change; behavioral: adjust cultural traits to better fit with group. Choices depend on two parameters: Bonding Propensity: whether tie formation/deletion is local or global; Dissonance: extent to which an actor’s traits conform to group. Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Three configurations Model Effects of parameters Findings Final remarks Three possible configurations Figure: Three stable configurations: (1) Giant Component, (2) Hegemony and Resistance, (3) Little Boxes Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Three configurations Model Effects of parameters Findings Final remarks Effects of varying parameters Figure: Number and size of components with different Dissonance and Bonding Propensity Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Three configurations Model Effects of parameters Findings Final remarks When privacy protection is not allowed Figure: Number and size of components, varying Dissonance and Bonding Propensity, no privacy protection Skip comment Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Three configurations Model Effects of parameters Findings Final remarks Explain the effects of parameters With lower propensity to bonding (=greater openness to bridging), only one or few components emerge; This effect is stronger with higher Dissonance; With higher propensity to bonding, many small communities emerge; In this case, differences in Dissonance have little impact; With no privacy protection, these effects are slightly amplified, because more ties can be formed. Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Three configurations Model Effects of parameters Findings Final remarks Evolution of average privacy Figure: Average privacy over time, varying Dissonance and Bonding Propensity Skip comment Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Three configurations Model Effects of parameters Findings Final remarks Explain changes in privacy over time Agents restrict access only when a giant component appears; This is the only case in which average privacy increases; Otherwise, average privacy diminishes until there are no more isolates, then is stable. Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Model Findings Final remarks Final remarks Personal styles and tactics of online presence give rise to different sociability structures; Linkages between micro behavior (motivations, cognition, individual action) and macrolevel patterns (number and size of clusters, density, etc.) Further openings for future reflection: Importance of cultural dissonance and inter-individual variations* vs. Bourdieu’s distinction. Complexify traditional dichotomy between hegemony and sub-cultures. Lahire, B. (2004). La culture des individus : Dissonances culturelles et distinction de soi, Paris, La D´couverte. e Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Model Findings Final remarks Final remarks on the methodology Agent-based models: complement analyses based on small qualitative fieldwork; enable cross-validation and generalization of findings; are tools for empirically-informed theory generation. This method is particularly useful with subcultures, sensitive and hidden populations. More applications are needed to establish its generality and reliability. Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS
    • Introduction Approach Model Findings Final remarks Thank you! Find this presentation on: http://www.bodyspacesociety.eu http://paolatubaro.wordpress.com Contact information: antonio.casilli@ehess.fr p.tubaro@greenwich.ac.uk Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS