Social Learning Theory Albert Bandura
General Principles <ul><li>People can learn by observing the behavior of others </li></ul><ul><li>Learning can occur witho...
Environmental Reinforcement  <ul><li>Observer reinforced by the model </li></ul><ul><li>Observer reinforced by a third per...
Influential Factors in Social Learning Behavior Environment Person
Reinforcement and Punishment <ul><li>Have an indirect effect on learning </li></ul><ul><li>Influence extent to which indiv...
Cognitive Factors in Social Learning <ul><li>Attention is a critical factor in learning </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations abo...
Behaviors Learned? <ul><li>Many behaviors can be learned through modeling such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Moral Behavior </li><...
Conditions Necessary for Modeling to Occur <ul><li>Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Retention </li></ul><ul><li>Motor Reproduct...
Effect of Modeling on Behavior <ul><li>Teaches new behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Influences frequency of previously learned ...
Self-Efficacy <ul><li>More likely to engage in behaviors they believe they are capable of executing successfully </li></ul...
Self Regulation <ul><li>Teach person to reward himself after doing the needed behavior </li></ul>
Implications <ul><li>You can learn a great deal by observing others </li></ul><ul><li>Describing the consequences can effe...
Research <ul><li>Use of a training program to enhance NICU nurses’ cognitive abilities for assessing preterm infant behavi...
Process <ul><li>Used videotaped and personalized instruction to increase nurses’ cognitive abilities for assessing preterm...
Evaluation <ul><li>Video test questionnaire </li></ul><ul><li>The increase in nurses’ cognitive abilities is the prerequis...
The End <ul><li>?????? </li></ul>
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Social Learning Theory

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Social Learning Theory

  1. 1. Social Learning Theory Albert Bandura
  2. 2. General Principles <ul><li>People can learn by observing the behavior of others </li></ul><ul><li>Learning can occur without a change in behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Cognition plays a role in learning </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviorist Learning Theories=Social Learning Theories=Cognitive Learning Theories </li></ul>
  3. 3. Environmental Reinforcement <ul><li>Observer reinforced by the model </li></ul><ul><li>Observer reinforced by a third person </li></ul><ul><li>Imitated behavior itself is reinforcing </li></ul><ul><li>Vicarious reinforcement </li></ul>
  4. 4. Influential Factors in Social Learning Behavior Environment Person
  5. 5. Reinforcement and Punishment <ul><li>Have an indirect effect on learning </li></ul><ul><li>Influence extent to which individual exhibits a behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Expectation of reinforcement influences cognitive processes that promote learning </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cognitive Factors in Social Learning <ul><li>Attention is a critical factor in learning </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations about the consequences of future behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Can model from live or symbolic model </li></ul><ul><li>Can learn without performance </li></ul>
  7. 7. Behaviors Learned? <ul><li>Many behaviors can be learned through modeling such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Moral Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Caring </li></ul>
  8. 8. Conditions Necessary for Modeling to Occur <ul><li>Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Retention </li></ul><ul><li>Motor Reproduction </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul>
  9. 9. Effect of Modeling on Behavior <ul><li>Teaches new behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Influences frequency of previously learned behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages previously forbidden behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Increases frequency of similar behaviors </li></ul>
  10. 10. Self-Efficacy <ul><li>More likely to engage in behaviors they believe they are capable of executing successfully </li></ul><ul><li>More likely to put more effort in activities and behaviors they consider to be successful in achieving </li></ul><ul><li>The higher the self-efficacy the better the student’s achievement </li></ul>
  11. 11. Self Regulation <ul><li>Teach person to reward himself after doing the needed behavior </li></ul>
  12. 12. Implications <ul><li>You can learn a great deal by observing others </li></ul><ul><li>Describing the consequences can effectively increase/decrease behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a faster more efficient means for teaching a new behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Authority figures must model appropriate behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Should be exposed to a variety of models </li></ul><ul><li>Work on developing self-efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>Set realistic expectations </li></ul>
  13. 13. Research <ul><li>Use of a training program to enhance NICU nurses’ cognitive abilities for assessing preterm infant behaviors and offering supportive interventions </li></ul>
  14. 14. Process <ul><li>Used videotaped and personalized instruction to increase nurses’ cognitive abilities for assessing preterm infant behavioral signals and offering supportive care. </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-test post-test quasi-experimental design </li></ul><ul><li>25 NICU nurses; intervention/control groups </li></ul>
  15. 15. Evaluation <ul><li>Video test questionnaire </li></ul><ul><li>The increase in nurses’ cognitive abilities is the prerequisite for behavioral change, based on the assumptions of Bandura’s Social Cognitive Learning Theory. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The End <ul><li>?????? </li></ul>

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