Chapter 26Nursing Research: DataCollection, Processing, and Analysis
Information LiteracyIntellectual framework for finding,understanding, evaluating, and usinginformation activities that may beaccomplished in part through fluency withinformation technology and soundinvestigative methods, but most importantly,through critical reasoning and discernment
Acquiring Previous Knowledge Through Internet/Library Holdings• Information is available through so many venues, libraries, special interest organizations, media, community resources, and the Internet in increasingly unfiltered formats, healthcare practitioners must inevitably question information authenticity, validity, and reliability
Professional Online DatabasesDatabases range from specific to general andact as collection points by aggregatinginformation like abstracts and articles frommany different journals; two such databasesinclude the Cumulative Index to Nursing andAllied Health Literature (CINAHL) andMEDLINE.
Search EnginesAllow users to surf the Web and findinformation on nearly anything, althoughmany researchers steer clear of search enginesbecause of the vast amounts ofunsubstantiated information
Electronic Library CatalogsMaking full use of available library resourcesserves to strengthen information literacy skills,thus enabling learners to master content andextend their investigations, become more self-directed, and assume greater control overtheir own learning
Informatics Tools For Collecting Data and Storage Of Information• Formal nursing data sets are made up of gathered information such as healthcare definitions, classification, and nursing information.• Before data can be analyzed or critically reviewed to determine outcomes or assessment, it must be collected and aggregated
Processing Data and Data AnalysisData analysis is the process by which datacollected during the course of a study isprocessed to identify trends and patterns ofrelationships
Quantitative Data AnalysisQuantitative data focuses on numbers andfrequencies rather than experience andmeaning
Qualitative Data AnalysisExtremely varied in nature, qualitative datacan include nearly any information that can becaptured and is not numerical
SummaryInformation literacy and informatics tools are used as a critical skill set for increasing healthcare efficiency, effectiveness, and safety in the 21st century.