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Global pulse technology


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Presentation by Sara-Jayne Farmer to UNGIWG 11 conference, march 2011

Presentation by Sara-Jayne Farmer to UNGIWG 11 conference, march 2011

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  • 1. UN GLOBAL PULSE: Product Harnessing innovation to protect the vulnerable Sara Farmer Chief Platform Architect, UN Global Pulse Executive Office of the Secretary-General United Nations Headquarters New York, NY
  • 2. Global Pulse has a clear vision and an ambitious mission our vision Close the information gap between the onset of a crisis and the availability of actionable information for decision makers our mission Harness innovation to protect the vulnerable
  • 3. Which stocks would you buy today… … if this were all you knew? Dow-Jones Index 2001-2008
  • 4. The Information Gap When the global economic crisis hit in 2008, world leaders needed to know how the crisis was affecting vulnerable populations. That turned out to be a bit of a problem.
  • 5. Household-level stats take months to collect, and years to validate!
  • 6. The information gap is real… ? First data becomes available
  • 7. … as are its consequences.
  • 8. “ Tracking” progress on the Millennium Development Goals
  • 9. Yet during the global crisis, the world also changed in truly wondrous ways
  • 10. Real-time “data exhaust” “ the incidental, or ambient data that is created as a by-product of simply carrying on with our daily lives ”
    • Social Media
    • Citizen Reporting
    • Online News
    • Mobile Phone Services
    • Remote Sensing
  • 11. Global Pulse Products: Real-time monitoring framework Open platform architecture Local innovation labs
  • 12. 1. Data and Analysis
  • 13. Shared analytical framework on vulnerability Global Pulse Analytical Framework
    • A common understanding of what vulnerability is and how we measure it
    • not a standard definition for UN but shared agreement on and understanding of a Global Pulse definition
    What is vulnerability?
    • What creates vulnerability (impacts)?
    • Who does it affect (individual/household/community/demography)?
    • How does it manifest?
    How do we measure it?
    • What are the indicators and metrics for measuring vulnerability?
    • Global indicators will be selected
    • Guidelines created for national indicators
  • 14. Analysis doesn't happen without data Open and Generated Data
    • Open Data
    • Population-generated data
    • SMS surveys
    • Gov2.0 apps
    UN and Government Data
    • UN open data
    • License agreements
    • Data cleaning & normalisation
    • Individual privacy
    • Data Sovereignty
    Private and Donated Data
    • Data held by private companies
    • Data Philanthropy
    • Privacy protection
    • Intellectual property
    • Looking for 'markers'
  • 15. Analysis & Visualisation Methods Collaborative analysis
    • Hunch labs
    • Argumentation methods
    Big Data methods
    • Real-time streaming data
    • Very large datasets
    Traditional methods
    • Frequentist statistics
    • Bayesian statistics
    Test case: food insecurity (2008, 2011)
  • 16. 2. Platform and Tools
  • 17. Global Pulse will add new tools to traditional approach to transform vulnerability monitoring 1. Establish Baseline 2. Monitor baseline 3. Investigate anomalies 4. Respond Traditional indicators (Statistical vulnerability indicators) Proxy indicators (Non-traditional indicators of vulnerability) Active monitoring (ongoing door to door surveys) Passive monitoring (Real time observation of data streams) Physical verification (on site investigation via for eg. ad hoc household survey) Community/Network alert (Make community leaders sensitive to potential event) Response Baseline is established based on traditional and proxy indicators. This baseline may include a model of the risk terrain Baseline is monitored actively and passively for anomalies and changes Teams investigate anomalies to verify vulnerability events If vulnerabilities are identified then responses is mobilized and targeted If vulnerability corroborated Physical verification (on site investigation via for eg. ad hoc household survey) Traditional Approach New tools
  • 18. Pulse Collaboration Platform
    • Open standards, open APIs, open source components
    • Collaborate with your team, share hunches with your social network
    • Integrate with existing tools for data aggregation, analysis, visualization, mapping, alerting…
  • 19. Pulse Collaboration Platform
  • 20. 3. Innovation and Labs
  • 21. Innovation labs have four roles
    • Detect  when vulnerable populations are being impacted by global shocks,
    • Understand  the coping strategies – both positive and negative – that affected communities are adopting,
    • Share hypotheses, alerts and key information with regional partners,
    • Respond  with better policy interventions sooner than possible today.
  • 22. Linked to local communities!
    • OpenUN (“Blue Hacks”)
      • Open innovation cycle
      • Hackathons
      • Grand Challenges
      • Application development teams
    • Linked communities
      • Open source communities
      • Open data communities
      • Open response communities
      • UNV
      • Other UN units
  • 23. Thank You @unglobalpulse
    • Join in!
    • PulseCamp:Data – coming soon!
    • [email_address]
    • #openun