Chapter 28:  The Romantic Hero Humanities 103 Beth Camp, Instructor
Navigating the slide show <ul><li>To see “full screen” images,  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RIGHT CLICK on your mouse </li></ul>...
David <ul><li>Napoleon at St.  </li></ul><ul><li>Bernard (1800) </li></ul><ul><li>Is this portrait of  </li></ul><ul><li>N...
The Romantic Hero 1800-1850 <ul><li>Celebrates nature and natural landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Glorifies heroism, suffering...
The Enlightenment <ul><li>Scientific advances ( Kepler, Bacon, Copernicus, Galileo) led many to believe that we could unde...
The Romantic Era <ul><li>Rejected the emphasis on science, calling it a “mechanical and souless” </li></ul><ul><li>Valued ...
Romantic Stereotypes <ul><li>“ If I give myself up to love, I want it to wound me deeply, to electrify me, to break my hea...
Mary Shelley <ul><li>Daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin </li></ul><ul><li>Eloped with Shelley at 16 </li><...
Source:  http://www.thebakken.org/Frankenstein/exhibit.htm
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1749-1832   <ul><li>studied law at Leipzig University  </li></ul><ul><li>Lawyer, influential ad...
What is a Faustian bargain? <ul><li>How does the play open?  Who is Mephistocles?  Why is he angry? </li></ul><ul><li>What...
What is alchemy? Alchemy is the study of ways to transform “base metals” into gold and to create potions that promise immo...
Does this portrait of Goethe suggest a “romantic hero”? Why?
What characterizes Romanticism? <ul><li>Who are early examples of Romantic artists, composers or thinkers?  What did they ...
What was the Romantic ideal? Poet-Visionary (Blake) The Bohemian Romantic  Historian Virtuoso (Beethoven) Bryronic Hero So...
Blake:  Visionary Romantic <ul><li>To see a World in a Grain of Sand  </li></ul><ul><li>And a Heaven in a Wild Flower,  </...
<ul><li>William Blake,  The Ancient of Days , 1794 </li></ul>
Resources <ul><li>Mark Hardin’s Artchives at  http://www.artchives.com   </li></ul><ul><li>WebMuseum, Paris at   http://ww...
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  • Source: http://people.clemson.edu/~pammack/lec202/goethe.htm
  • Source: http://www.levity.com/alchemy/cab_min1.html
  • Pp Chap28 Hero

    1. 1. Chapter 28: The Romantic Hero Humanities 103 Beth Camp, Instructor
    2. 2. Navigating the slide show <ul><li>To see “full screen” images, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RIGHT CLICK on your mouse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select “full screen” on the menu that appears </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the SPACE BAR or BACKSPACE to move forward or back </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use ESCAPE at any time to end the show </li></ul>
    3. 3. David <ul><li>Napoleon at St. </li></ul><ul><li>Bernard (1800) </li></ul><ul><li>Is this portrait of </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon more </li></ul><ul><li>realistic -- or </li></ul><ul><li>idealistic? </li></ul>
    4. 4. The Romantic Hero 1800-1850 <ul><li>Celebrates nature and natural landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Glorifies heroism, suffering and death </li></ul><ul><li>Supports nationalism and political independence </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasizes nature’s wild, mysterious, exotic, melancholic, melodramatic aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotypes gender roles </li></ul>
    5. 5. The Enlightenment <ul><li>Scientific advances ( Kepler, Bacon, Copernicus, Galileo) led many to believe that we could understand the universe through reason </li></ul><ul><li>Deism = mechanistic view of universe ( God as perfect clockmaker; the clock, being perfect, keeps running without God's intervention). </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in change and progress as good things </li></ul><ul><li>Promoted idea that all men are equal </li></ul>For most Romantics, the failure of the French Revolution was the failure of the Enlightenment
    6. 6. The Romantic Era <ul><li>Rejected the emphasis on science, calling it a “mechanical and souless” </li></ul><ul><li>Valued human emotions and PASSION </li></ul><ul><li>Valued religious belief in a caring God </li></ul>The Romantic Hero = the Romantic Individual, self made and self-directed, a “Superman”
    7. 7. Romantic Stereotypes <ul><li>“ If I give myself up to love, I want it to wound me deeply, to electrify me, to break my heart or to exhalt me. . . What I want is to suffer, to go crazy.” </li></ul><ul><li>--a character from Sand’s novel </li></ul><ul><li> (quoted in Fiero 46) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Mary Shelley <ul><li>Daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin </li></ul><ul><li>Eloped with Shelley at 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry, philosophy, artistic circles </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Geneva, 1816 ghost-telling competition </li></ul>Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Shelley
    9. 9. Source: http://www.thebakken.org/Frankenstein/exhibit.htm
    10. 10. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1749-1832 <ul><li>studied law at Leipzig University </li></ul><ul><li>Lawyer, influential advisor to German court </li></ul><ul><li>At 45, literature became his career. Spent 60 years writing Faust . </li></ul><ul><li>Interested in science, studied anatomy, botany and optics </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in the unity of nature, not in deism </li></ul>
    11. 11. What is a Faustian bargain? <ul><li>How does the play open? Who is Mephistocles? Why is he angry? </li></ul><ul><li>What is God’s personality? </li></ul><ul><li>What is your first impression of Faust? What does he want and why? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you know the Devil has come to call? </li></ul>
    12. 12. What is alchemy? Alchemy is the study of ways to transform “base metals” into gold and to create potions that promise immortality. Source: http://www.levity.com/alchemy/cab_min1.html
    13. 13. Does this portrait of Goethe suggest a “romantic hero”? Why?
    14. 14. What characterizes Romanticism? <ul><li>Who are early examples of Romantic artists, composers or thinkers? What did they contribute? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are later examples of Romantic artists or or thinkers? What did they contribute? </li></ul><ul><li>Based on what you know now, how would you define “romanticism”? </li></ul>
    15. 15. What was the Romantic ideal? Poet-Visionary (Blake) The Bohemian Romantic Historian Virtuoso (Beethoven) Bryronic Hero Source: Morse Peckham, Romanticism: The Culture of the 19 th Century
    16. 16. Blake: Visionary Romantic <ul><li>To see a World in a Grain of Sand </li></ul><ul><li>And a Heaven in a Wild Flower, </li></ul><ul><li>Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand </li></ul><ul><li>And Eternity in an hour. </li></ul><ul><li>--William Blake, Augeries of Innocence </li></ul>
    17. 17. <ul><li>William Blake, The Ancient of Days , 1794 </li></ul>
    18. 18. Resources <ul><li>Mark Hardin’s Artchives at http://www.artchives.com </li></ul><ul><li>WebMuseum, Paris at http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/blake/ </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein online: http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/SheFran.html </li></ul>
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