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Pp Chap28 Hero
 

Pp Chap28 Hero

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  • Source: http://people.clemson.edu/~pammack/lec202/goethe.htm
  • Source: http://www.levity.com/alchemy/cab_min1.html

Pp Chap28 Hero Pp Chap28 Hero Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 28: The Romantic Hero Humanities 103 Beth Camp, Instructor
  • Navigating the slide show
    • To see “full screen” images,
      • RIGHT CLICK on your mouse
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    • Use ESCAPE at any time to end the show
  • David
    • Napoleon at St.
    • Bernard (1800)
    • Is this portrait of
    • Napoleon more
    • realistic -- or
    • idealistic?
  • The Romantic Hero 1800-1850
    • Celebrates nature and natural landscape
    • Glorifies heroism, suffering and death
    • Supports nationalism and political independence
    • Emphasizes nature’s wild, mysterious, exotic, melancholic, melodramatic aspects
    • Stereotypes gender roles
  • The Enlightenment
    • Scientific advances ( Kepler, Bacon, Copernicus, Galileo) led many to believe that we could understand the universe through reason
    • Deism = mechanistic view of universe ( God as perfect clockmaker; the clock, being perfect, keeps running without God's intervention).
    • Believed in change and progress as good things
    • Promoted idea that all men are equal
    For most Romantics, the failure of the French Revolution was the failure of the Enlightenment
  • The Romantic Era
    • Rejected the emphasis on science, calling it a “mechanical and souless”
    • Valued human emotions and PASSION
    • Valued religious belief in a caring God
    The Romantic Hero = the Romantic Individual, self made and self-directed, a “Superman”
  • Romantic Stereotypes
    • “ If I give myself up to love, I want it to wound me deeply, to electrify me, to break my heart or to exhalt me. . . What I want is to suffer, to go crazy.”
    • --a character from Sand’s novel
    • (quoted in Fiero 46)
  • Mary Shelley
    • Daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin
    • Eloped with Shelley at 16
    • Poetry, philosophy, artistic circles
    • Lake Geneva, 1816 ghost-telling competition
    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Shelley
  • Source: http://www.thebakken.org/Frankenstein/exhibit.htm
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1749-1832
    • studied law at Leipzig University
    • Lawyer, influential advisor to German court
    • At 45, literature became his career. Spent 60 years writing Faust .
    • Interested in science, studied anatomy, botany and optics
    • Believed in the unity of nature, not in deism
  • What is a Faustian bargain?
    • How does the play open? Who is Mephistocles? Why is he angry?
    • What is God’s personality?
    • What is your first impression of Faust? What does he want and why?
    • How do you know the Devil has come to call?
  • What is alchemy? Alchemy is the study of ways to transform “base metals” into gold and to create potions that promise immortality. Source: http://www.levity.com/alchemy/cab_min1.html
  • Does this portrait of Goethe suggest a “romantic hero”? Why?
  • What characterizes Romanticism?
    • Who are early examples of Romantic artists, composers or thinkers? What did they contribute?
    • Who are later examples of Romantic artists or or thinkers? What did they contribute?
    • Based on what you know now, how would you define “romanticism”?
  • What was the Romantic ideal? Poet-Visionary (Blake) The Bohemian Romantic Historian Virtuoso (Beethoven) Bryronic Hero Source: Morse Peckham, Romanticism: The Culture of the 19 th Century
  • Blake: Visionary Romantic
    • To see a World in a Grain of Sand
    • And a Heaven in a Wild Flower,
    • Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand
    • And Eternity in an hour.
    • --William Blake, Augeries of Innocence
    • William Blake, The Ancient of Days , 1794
  • Resources
    • Mark Hardin’s Artchives at http://www.artchives.com
    • WebMuseum, Paris at http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/blake/
    • Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein online: http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/SheFran.html