Conservative censorship is illiberal and reactionary in intent, often aimed at books that discuss contemporary issuesLiberal censorship amounts to social whitewashing, often seeking to remove items with racist or sexist content, even when the items are historical, as in the case of Huck Finn. Censors never see themselves as censors more like moral guardians.
Sexism and misogyny
Lack of cultural sensitivity
Protection of children
Racism and racial stereotypes
American Library Association. (n.d.) Challenges by Reason, Initiator & Institution for 1990-99 and 2000-09.
American Library Association. (n.d.) Challenges by Reason, Initiator & Institution for 1990-99 and 200009. ALA.org. Retrieved November 16 2013 from http://www.ala.org/
Barry, P. (1992). Censorship and Children’s Literature Some Post War Trends. In Hyland, P. & Sammells,
N. (Eds.) Writing and Censorship in Britain. (pp. 233-241) London: Routledge.
Bosche, S. (2000, January 31). Jenny, Eric, Martin…and me. Theguardian.com. Retrieved November 25
2013 from http://www.theguardian.com
Ciano, B. (2013, September 25). US & UK Censorship. [Web blog post]. Retrieved November 25 2013
CILIP. (2005). Intellectual freedom, access to information and censorship. Cilip.org.uk. Retrieved
November 25 2013 from http://www.cilip.org.uk
Copping, J. (2012, April, 22). From Horrible Histories to Babar the Elephant – the 'offensive’ children’s
books withdrawn by libraries. Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved November 25 2013 from
Curry, A. (1997) The Limits of Tolerance: Censorship and Intellectual Freedom in Public Libraries.
Gaiman, N. (2013, October 15). Why our future depends on libraries, reading and daydreaming.
Theguardian.com. Retrieved November 25 2013 from http://www.theguardian.com
Hunt, P. (1996). Censorship and Children’s Literature in Britain Now, or, The Return of Abigail. Children’s
Literature in Education. 28 (2). 95-103
Kerbaj, R. & Griffiths, S. (2013, September 22). No fairy tales or singing for pupils.
Thesundaytimes.co.uk. Retrieved November 18 2013 from http://www.thesundaytimes.co.uk
McNicol, S. (2005). Censorship Practices and Access to Information: Interviews with school and
children's librarians [Online]. Birmingham: Evidence Base. Retrieved 21 November 2013 from
Orwell, G. (1945). The Freedom of the Press. The Times  and Animal Farm . [Online].
Retrieved 21 November 2013 from http://www.orwell.ru/library/novels/Animal_Farm
Robinson, K.H. (2012). ‘Difficult Citizenship’: The precarious relationships between childhood, sexuality
and access to knowledge. Sexualities 15 (3-4). 257-276
Rohrer, F. (2010, September 27). Why are parents banning school books?. BBC.co.uk. Retrieved
November 16 2013 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news
Sheppard, C. (2013, September 23). Book censors target teen fiction, says American Library Association.
Retrieved November 25 2013 from http://www.theguardian.com
Taylor, K. & McMenemy, D. (2012). Censorship challenges to books in Scottish public libraries. Journal of
Librarianship and Information Science 45 (2) 153-167
Worldofbooksltd. (2011, August 19). Melvin Burgess interview with World of Books.com. [Web blog
post]. Retrieved November 25 2013 from http://blog.worldofbooks.com