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The War of 1812
The War of 1812
Background
• Britain and France are at war and attacking
our ships and impressing our men
• The British ar...
The War of 1812

Thank
you
Thomas
Jefferson!

At Issue
• The US has no real
Army – only 7000
trained troops
• There are on...
The War of 1812
At Issue (continued)
• The US Navy has very few ships, but does
have a number of frigates which are much
f...
The War of 1812
So, here’s what happens in a

nutshell!

June-July 1812
• First move is to
invade Canada
• Madison sends
W...
The War of 1812
William Hull
• Hull was a Revolutionary War hero
• He was tried for cowardice and
convicted after he faile...
The War of 1812

WAR AT
SEA
War at Sea
• We are up against the most powerful Navy in the
world
• The first concern is brea...
The War of 1812

The USS Constitution
A Side Picture Show!
Rear of the ship
Part of the Officer’s Quarters
Here’s where you would sleep
Another view of your bedroom
A couple of looks up the masts
It’s a long way to the top if you wanna
rock ‘n’ roll
Back to why it was afloat
Looks good from here
Eli’s ready for duty
Tending to the ammo
The USS Constitution was known
as Old Ironsides
Cannon balls bounced off her,
but it was wood
The USS Constitution is still a
commissioned Naval ship
The War of 1812
War on the Water
• Oliver Hazard Perry
defeated the British in
Lake Erie in 1813
• The USS Constitution
de...
The War of 1812
1813 - 1814
• War is going our way!
US troops march into
York (Canada’s capital)
and burn the Parliament
b...
The War of 1812
1814-1815
• The British defeat
France – now they
concentrate on US
• Britain plans a three
part invasion u...
The War of 1812
The Stars and Bars
flown at Fort
McHenry

1814-1815 (cont.)
• The Brits then move up
to Baltimore
• The ci...
The War of 1812
1814-1815 (cont.)
• British suffer another
defeat at Plattsburgh
and decide the war
over here isn’t worth ...
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War of 1812 (1)

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Transcript of "War of 1812 (1)"

  1. 1. The War of 1812
  2. 2. The War of 1812 Background • Britain and France are at war and attacking our ships and impressing our men • The British are also arming the Native American tribes in the Ohio River Valley who are attacking our settlers there. • Congress (filled with War Hawks) wants to defend our honor and gain more territory to boot • In June of 1812, President Madison declares war on Britain
  3. 3. The War of 1812 Thank you Thomas Jefferson! At Issue • The US has no real Army – only 7000 trained troops • There are only 50 – 100,000 untrained militia on reserve • Most of the Revolutionary War military leaders are either dead or too old to fight
  4. 4. The War of 1812 At Issue (continued) • The US Navy has very few ships, but does have a number of frigates which are much faster and more maneuverable than the traditional warship • There is not unified support for the War. Federalists in the Northeast oppose it very loudly (this will come back to haunt them!) Thanks again Mr. Jefferson!
  5. 5. The War of 1812 So, here’s what happens in a nutshell! June-July 1812 • First move is to invade Canada • Madison sends William Hull into Canada, but it failed • British blockade the US coast
  6. 6. The War of 1812 William Hull • Hull was a Revolutionary War hero • He was tried for cowardice and convicted after he failed to attack the British fort and retreated (saving his men from sure defeat and annihilation) • The sentence would have been a hanging • Eventually, he was pardoned by Madison. He died many years later, all the while trying to reclaim his honor (unsuccessfully). BACK TO THE WAR!
  7. 7. The War of 1812 WAR AT SEA War at Sea • We are up against the most powerful Navy in the world • The first concern is breaking the blockade • The second concern is to protect from the invasion through the Great Lakes
  8. 8. The War of 1812 The USS Constitution A Side Picture Show!
  9. 9. Rear of the ship
  10. 10. Part of the Officer’s Quarters
  11. 11. Here’s where you would sleep
  12. 12. Another view of your bedroom
  13. 13. A couple of looks up the masts
  14. 14. It’s a long way to the top if you wanna rock ‘n’ roll
  15. 15. Back to why it was afloat
  16. 16. Looks good from here
  17. 17. Eli’s ready for duty
  18. 18. Tending to the ammo
  19. 19. The USS Constitution was known as Old Ironsides
  20. 20. Cannon balls bounced off her, but it was wood
  21. 21. The USS Constitution is still a commissioned Naval ship
  22. 22. The War of 1812 War on the Water • Oliver Hazard Perry defeated the British in Lake Erie in 1813 • The USS Constitution defeated the HMS Guerriere and the HMS Java along the way Oliver Hazard Perry • Americans also keep the British out of upper New York with their victory at Lake Champlain (1814) • But the blockade is still in force and Britain is still able to get troops in
  23. 23. The War of 1812 1813 - 1814 • War is going our way! US troops march into York (Canada’s capital) and burn the Parliament building. (This will come back to haunt us) • US Forces defeat British and Native American fighters at Thames (where Tecumseh is killed) and Horseshoe Bend (where Andrew Jackson gets his start)
  24. 24. The War of 1812 1814-1815 • The British defeat France – now they concentrate on US • Britain plans a three part invasion up the Chesapeake Bay, down Lake Champlain and at the mouth of MS River • In August 1814, they march up to DC and take over burning much of the city. Madison is forced to flee.
  25. 25. The War of 1812 The Stars and Bars flown at Fort McHenry 1814-1815 (cont.) • The Brits then move up to Baltimore • The city is guarded by 13,000 militia at Fort McHenry • Although the British bombard the fort overnight, they are turned back • Francis Scott Key is so moved by the event, he wrote what would become our National Anthem
  26. 26. The War of 1812 1814-1815 (cont.) • British suffer another defeat at Plattsburgh and decide the war over here isn’t worth it • December of 1814, the Treaty of Ghent is signed – no real changes occurred • Battle of New Orleans is fought in Jan. 1815 • Andrew Jackson’s forces defeat British and he becomes a national hero
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