Prepared & presented byHubert Widiastono Diskusi Ilmiah MASPI,    16 February 2010                          1
AGENDA•   Part I     -        Chemical Hazards               -        Initial Survey•   Part II    -        Objective of t...
Part I. Chemical HazardsSuara Pembaruan, 5 Feb 2010                 Suara Pembaruan, 6 Feb 2010                      Prepa...
Part II. OBJECTIVES• To help people understand the meaning of chemical  label based on GHS guidelines.• To provide informa...
Part III. History of GHS      Prepared by Hubert Widiastono   5
Trend of global chemical regulation       Area environment pollutants/serious chemical accidents occur frequently         ...
Prepared by Hubert Widiastono   7
Introduction to GHSWhat is the GHS ? A common and coherent approach  • To define and classify hazards  • To communicate in...
Prepared by Hubert Widiastono   9
GOAL OF GHS• The goal of GHS is to identify the intrinsic hazards  found in chemical substances and mixtures and to  conve...
Prepared by Hubert Widiastono   11
Prepared by Hubert Widiastono   12
Key Elements of GHS                   Substances/Mixtures                    Hazard Classification                        ...
Chemical Hazards   Prepared by Hubert Widiastono   14
Use of GHS – Hazard Communication   1. Labels                             2. Safety Data                                Sh...
What is Risk?           Risk  = Hazard × Exposure  Risk:  Probability of Adverse Effects resulting from a given   exposure...
Use of GHS in Risk Assessment &                         Management                                                   Chemi...
Hazard Communication ‐ Target audiences                 Labels        SDSs          Placards   TREM cardsWorkplaceConsumer...
Use of GHS Labels (Workplace &          Consumers)       Prepared by Hubert Widiastono   19
Use of GHS Labels for WorkplaceAwareness of warning signs, pictograms and work instructions in workplaceUnderstanding of h...
Use of GHS Labels for ConsumersRead label before useAwareness of pictograms & warning signsUnderstanding of hazards and pr...
Use of GHS SDSs (Workplace)     Substances Info &             Hazard Prevention and              First Aid & Emergency    ...
Part IV. Chemical  Classification   Prepared by Hubert Widiastono   23
What is A Chemical?Definition - a substance which is manufactured by a chemical process.                Prepared by Hubert...
Physical Hazard - A chemical for which there is scientifically valid evidencethat it is a combustible liquid, a compressed...
Explosive chemicals – Substance or mixtures capable by chemical reaction of producing gas at such  temperature, pressure, ...
Flammable Gases – Gases having aflammable range with air at 20 degree C and 101.3                     kPa   Gasoline      ...
Flammable Aerosol• Hair Sprays, Insect Spray, Perfume, Deodorants                                            Flammable Sym...
Pyrophoric Chemical – Ignite in contact      with air within 5 minutes.• Titanium Powder                                  ...
Corrosive Chemicals – Substances which       damage metals by chemical reaction.• Sulfuric Acid                           ...
Oxidizing Chemical – Gases which maygenerally by providing oxygen cause or contributeto the combustion of other material m...
Self Heating Chemicals – Substancewhere a self heating process may lead to   self- ignition or hot temperature   Potassium...
Gas under Pressure – Gas contained in areceptacle at a pressure greater than 280 kPa at 20  degree C or as a refrigerated ...
Substances which in contact with water        emit flammable gases  Methaloid  Calcium Phosphide                          ...
Hazard Health Classification        Prepared by Hubert Widiastono   35
Acute Toxicity - refers to the adverse effects occurringfollowing oral or dermal administration of single dose of a substa...
Skin Corrosion - The production of irreversible damage tothe skin; namely, visible necrosis through the epidermis andinto ...
Serious eye damage is the production of tissue damage in the eye, orserious physical decay of vision, following applicatio...
Respiratory or Skin Sensitization - substance that willinduce hypersensitivity of the airways following inhalationof the s...
Germ Cell Mutagenicity           Carcinogenicity        Reproductive ToxicitySpecial Target Organ Toxicity (STOT)         ...
Environmental Hazard Classification• Hazardous to the Aquatic Environment                                        Symbol fo...
Hazardous Substance to Aquatic Environment      The intrinsic properties of a Substance to beinjurious to aquatic organism...
Use of GHS – Hazard Evaluation/Classification             2. Physical Hazards                                            G...
Use of GHS – Hazard Evaluation/Classification              3. Health Hazards                               GHS Recommendat...
Part V. GHS in Indonesia      Prepared by Hubert Widiastono   45
Legislation related to or revision plans of the GHS law &                             industrial standards• Indonesian Gov...
GHS COMMITTEE & NETWORKING                      SYSTEM         GHS COMMITTEE ORGANIZATION                           GHS CO...
FEDERATION OFINDONESIAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY (FIKI)   • Established and incorporated in 29 May 2008.   • Currently, around 30...
Establishment of National Task Team for GHS Implementation in Indonesia• The Indonesia National Task Team for GHS Implemen...
Regulations/New Plan related to Classification,Labeling, & SDS      No                      Regulation                    ...
Chemicals Classification in IndonesiaPeraturan Pemerintah RI         Peraturan Pemerintah RI         Kepmen Perindustrian ...
Hazard Communication: Chemicals Labeling (according to National Regulations)       PP No.74 thn        SK Menpan          ...
CLOSING• Preparation towards GHS implementation (GHS  Building Block) in Indonesia is underway; however we  need more hard...
AbbreviationAbbreviation   Full NameUNCED          United Nations Conference on Environment and DevelopmentWSSD           ...
AbbreviationAbbreviation   Full NameUNIDO          United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationUNITAR         United...
Prepared by Hubert Widiastono   56
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Basic ghs workshop maspi final shorten 16 feb 2010

  1. 1. Prepared & presented byHubert Widiastono Diskusi Ilmiah MASPI, 16 February 2010 1
  2. 2. AGENDA• Part I - Chemical Hazards - Initial Survey• Part II - Objective of the Discussion - Target Audience• Part III - GHS History Objectives & Goal Benefits Key Elements• Part IV - Chemical Classification Physical Hazard Health Hazard Environment Hazard Signal Words Label• Part V - GHS in Indonesia - Closing Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 2
  3. 3. Part I. Chemical HazardsSuara Pembaruan, 5 Feb 2010 Suara Pembaruan, 6 Feb 2010 Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 3
  4. 4. Part II. OBJECTIVES• To help people understand the meaning of chemical label based on GHS guidelines.• To provide information for the protection of the workers and the general public in the proper use of chemicals.• To educate people on human health and the protection of the environment. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 4
  5. 5. Part III. History of GHS Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 5
  6. 6. Trend of global chemical regulation Area environment pollutants/serious chemical accidents occur frequently →→Global environmental pollution on going• Silicone valley (US) groundwater pollutant by trichloren 1970s• Niagara forth love-canal (US) Soil pollution by hazardous disposal 1970s• Flickborough (UK) cyclohexane explosion accident 1974• Seveso ICMESA (Italia) dioxine leaking 1976• PEMEX Mexico city explosion accident in LPG base 1984• UCC Bhopal (India) Gas tragedy for MIC(methyl isocyanate) 1986 isocyanate)• Sandoz Basel (Swiss) Rhine pollution for leaking pesticide 1986• Coco (Nigeria) Transboundary of hazardous from Italy 1988 Competent authority Movement of the regulation Chemical Industry voluntary activity 6 Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 6
  7. 7. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 7
  8. 8. Introduction to GHSWhat is the GHS ? A common and coherent approach • To define and classify hazards • To communicate information on labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDS)Objective of GHS To enhance the protection of human health and the environment. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 8
  9. 9. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 9
  10. 10. GOAL OF GHS• The goal of GHS is to identify the intrinsic hazards found in chemical substances and mixtures and to convey hazard information about these hazards. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 10
  11. 11. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 11
  12. 12. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 12
  13. 13. Key Elements of GHS Substances/Mixtures Hazard Classification as ed ‐b rd Health & Environmental  Physical  a za /H Hazards (16) Hazards (10 & 2) ria teHazard Communication C ri Labels Safety Data Sheets Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 13
  14. 14. Chemical Hazards Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 14
  15. 15. Use of GHS – Hazard Communication 1. Labels 2. Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 15
  16. 16. What is Risk? Risk  = Hazard × Exposure Risk:  Probability of Adverse Effects resulting from a given  exposure Hazard: Intrinsic properties causing Adverse Effects • Even if the substance has a High hazard,  Low exposure can minimize the risk • Even if the substance has a Low hazard, High exposure may cause high risk It is important to assess the “risk” by substance in use Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 16
  17. 17. Use of GHS in Risk Assessment & Management Chemicals Industrial  Consumer  Chemicals Chemicals Risk Assessment &  Hazard  Hazard  Physical/Health and  Management Classification Classification Environmental Hazards Hazard  Hazard  RISK‐BASEDHAZARD‐BASED Communication Communication Labels Acute Chronic Risk based  Risk  SDS labels Assessment Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 17
  18. 18. Hazard Communication ‐ Target audiences Labels SDSs Placards TREM cardsWorkplaceConsumersTransportEmergencyResponders Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 18
  19. 19. Use of GHS Labels (Workplace & Consumers) Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 19
  20. 20. Use of GHS Labels for WorkplaceAwareness of warning signs, pictograms and work instructions in workplaceUnderstanding of hazards and precautionary statements on packagesStrictly follow working procedure as well as safety complianceAlways wear basic personal protective equipment when working with chemicalsRegular training for safety practices and emergency responses Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 20
  21. 21. Use of GHS Labels for ConsumersRead label before useAwareness of pictograms & warning signsUnderstanding of hazards and precautionary statementsUse in appropriate way as designated instructions in order to avoid exposure.Wear protective clothing such as gloves, shoes as required. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 21
  22. 22. Use of GHS SDSs (Workplace) Substances Info &  Hazard Prevention and  First Aid & Emergency  Additional  Properties Protection Response Information1. Identification 1. Identification 1. Identification 1. Identification 1. Identification 1. Identification 1. Identification2. Hazard Identification 2. Hazard Identification 2. Hazard Identification 2. Hazard Identification 2. Hazard Identification 2. Hazard Identification 2. Hazard Identification3. Composition/Ingredients 3. Composition/Ingredients 3. Composition/Ingredients 3. Composition/Ingredients 3. Composition/Ingredients 3. Composition/Ingredients 3. Composition/Ingredients4. First Aid Measures 4. First Aid Measures 4. First Aid Measures 4. First Aid Measures 4. First Aid Measures 4. First Aid Measures 4. First Aid Measures5. Fire Fighting Measures 5. Fire Fighting Measures 5. Fire Fighting Measures 5. Fire Fighting Measures 5. Fire Fighting Measures 5. Fire Fighting Measures 5. Fire Fighting Measures6. Accidental Release Measures 6. Accidental Release Measures 6. Accidental Release Measures 6. Accidental Release Measures 6. Accidental Release Measures 6. Accidental Release Measures 6. Accidental Release Measures7. Handling/Storage 7. Handling/Storage 7. Handling/Storage 7. Handling/Storage 7. Handling/Storage 7. Handling/Storage 7. Handling/Storage8. Exposure Control/PP 8. Exposure Control/PP 8. Exposure Control/PP 8. Exposure Control/PP 8. Exposure Control/PP 8. Exposure Control/PP 8. Exposure Control/PP9. Physical Properties 9. Physical Properties 9. Physical Properties 9. Physical Properties 9. Physical Properties 9. Physical Properties 9. Physical Properties10. Stability & Reactivity 10. Stability & Reactivity 10. Stability & Reactivity 10. Stability & Reactivity 10. Stability & Reactivity 10. Stability & Reactivity 10. Stability & Reactivity11. Toxicological Info 11. Toxicological Info 11. Toxicological Info 11. Toxicological Info 11. Toxicological Info 11. Toxicological Info 11. Toxicological Info12. Ecological Info 12. Ecological Info 12. Ecological Info 12. Ecological Info 12. Ecological Info 12. Ecological Info 12. Ecological Info13. Disposal Info 13. Disposal Info 13. Disposal Info 13. Disposal Info 13. Disposal Info 13. Disposal Info 13. Disposal Info14. Transport Info 14. Transport Info 14. Transport Info 14. Transport Info 14. Transport Info 14. Transport Info 14. Transport Info15. Regulatory Info 15. Regulatory Info 15. Regulatory Info 15. Regulatory Info 15. Regulatory Info 15. Regulatory Info 15. Regulatory Info16. Other Info 16. Other Info 16. Other Info 16. Other Info 16. Other Info 16. Other Info 16. Other Info Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 22
  23. 23. Part IV. Chemical Classification Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 23
  24. 24. What is A Chemical?Definition - a substance which is manufactured by a chemical process. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 24
  25. 25. Physical Hazard - A chemical for which there is scientifically valid evidencethat it is a combustible liquid, a compressed gas, explosive, flammable, an organic peroxide, an oxidizer, pyrophoric, unstable (reactive) or water-reactive. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 25
  26. 26. Explosive chemicals – Substance or mixtures capable by chemical reaction of producing gas at such temperature, pressure, speed as to cause damage to people and surroundingsAcetylene Explosive Symbol Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 26
  27. 27. Flammable Gases – Gases having aflammable range with air at 20 degree C and 101.3 kPa Gasoline Flammable Symbol Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 27
  28. 28. Flammable Aerosol• Hair Sprays, Insect Spray, Perfume, Deodorants Flammable Symbol Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 28
  29. 29. Pyrophoric Chemical – Ignite in contact with air within 5 minutes.• Titanium Powder Pyrophoric Symbol Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 29
  30. 30. Corrosive Chemicals – Substances which damage metals by chemical reaction.• Sulfuric Acid Corrosive Symbol Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 30
  31. 31. Oxidizing Chemical – Gases which maygenerally by providing oxygen cause or contributeto the combustion of other material more than air does. Oxygen Hydrogen Peroxide Oxidizing Symbol Sodium Hypochloride Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 31
  32. 32. Self Heating Chemicals – Substancewhere a self heating process may lead to self- ignition or hot temperature Potassium Sulfide Self Heating Symbol Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 32
  33. 33. Gas under Pressure – Gas contained in areceptacle at a pressure greater than 280 kPa at 20 degree C or as a refrigerated liquid, covers four types of gases or mixturesCompressed Gas - Argon, HydrogenLiquefied Gas - Acetylene, EthyleneRefrigerated Liquefied Gas - NitrogenDissolved Gas - Acetone Gas Under Pressure Symbol Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 33
  34. 34. Substances which in contact with water emit flammable gases Methaloid Calcium Phosphide Symbol Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 34
  35. 35. Hazard Health Classification Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 35
  36. 36. Acute Toxicity - refers to the adverse effects occurringfollowing oral or dermal administration of single dose of a substance or multiple doses given within 24 hours, or an inhalation exposure of 4 hours. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 36
  37. 37. Skin Corrosion - The production of irreversible damage tothe skin; namely, visible necrosis through the epidermis andinto the dermis, following the application of a test substancefor up to 4 hours.Skin Irritation - The production of reversible damage to theskin following the application of a test substance for up to 4hours Serious Eye Damage/Irritation Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 37
  38. 38. Serious eye damage is the production of tissue damage in the eye, orserious physical decay of vision, following application of a testsubstance to the anterior surface of the eye, which is not fullyeversible within 21 days of application.Eye irritation is the production of changes in the eye following theapplication of test substance to the anterior surface of the eye, whichare fully reversible within 21 days of application. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 38
  39. 39. Respiratory or Skin Sensitization - substance that willinduce hypersensitivity of the airways following inhalationof the substance. hypersensitivity is normally seen asasthma, but other hypersensitivity reactions such asrhinitis , conjunctivitis and alveolitis are also considered ! Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 39
  40. 40. Germ Cell Mutagenicity Carcinogenicity Reproductive ToxicitySpecial Target Organ Toxicity (STOT) Aspiration Hazard Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 40
  41. 41. Environmental Hazard Classification• Hazardous to the Aquatic Environment Symbol for Environmental Hazard Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 41
  42. 42. Hazardous Substance to Aquatic Environment The intrinsic properties of a Substance to beinjurious to aquatic organism(s) in the aquaticenvironment. Hazardous substance can cause acute orchronic aquatic toxicity, depending on the period ofexposure and the potential or actual properties of thesubstance. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 42
  43. 43. Use of GHS – Hazard Evaluation/Classification 2. Physical Hazards GHS Recommendation Hazard Classes2.1 Explosives Unstable  Explosives Division 1.1 Division 1.2 Division 1.3 Division 1.4 Division 1.5 Division 1.62.2 Flammable gases Category 1 Category 22.3 Flammable aerosols Category 1 Category 22.4 Oxidizing gases Category 1 Refigerated 2.5 Gases under pressure Compressed gas Liquefied gas liquefied gas Dissolved gas2.6 Flammable liquids Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 42.7 Flammable solids Category 1 Category 22.8 Self‐reactive substances and mixtures Type A Type B Type C Type D Type E Type F Type G2.9 Pyrophoric liquids Category 12.10 Pyrophoric solids Category 12.11 Self‐heating substances and mixtures Category 1 Category 22.12 Substances and mixtures which in contact with water emits flammable gases Category 1 Category 2 Category 32.13 Oxidizing liquids Category 1 Category 2 Category 32.14 Oxidizing solids Category 1 Category 2 Category 32.15 Organic peroxides Type A Type B Type C Type D Type E Type F Type G2.16 Corrosive to metals Category 1 Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 43
  44. 44. Use of GHS – Hazard Evaluation/Classification 3. Health Hazards GHS Recommendation Hazard Classes3.1 Acute Toxicity Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 Category 53.2 Skin Corrosion/Irritation Category 1A Category 1B Category 1C Category 2 Category 33.3 Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Category 2A Category 2B3.4 Respiratory or skin sensitization Category 1 Category 1A Category 1B3.5 Germ cell mutagenicity Category 1A Category 1B Category 23.6 Carcinogenicity Category 1A Category 1B Category 23.7 Reproductive toxicity Addtl Category  (affects via  Category 1A Category 1B Category 3 lactation)3.8 Specific target organ toxicity ‐ Single exposure) Category 1 Category 2 Category 33.9 Specific target organ toxicity ‐ Repeated exposure) Category 1 Category 23.10 Aspiration hazard Category 1 Category 2 4. Environmental Hazards GHS Recommendation Hazard Classes4.1 Hazardous to the aquatic environment‐ Acute toxicity Category 1 Category 2 Category 3‐ Chronic toxicity Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 44.2 Hazardous to the ozone layer Category 2 Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 44
  45. 45. Part V. GHS in Indonesia Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 45
  46. 46. Legislation related to or revision plans of the GHS law & industrial standards• Indonesian Government Regulation No. 74/2001 concerning Management of Hazardous and Toxic Substance will be revised to accommodate the implementation of GHS based on Purple Book.• In the long term to provide GHS implementation in Indonesia legal system, a new Chemical Act will be drafted by Ministry of Industry and supported industry association (FIKI). Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 46
  47. 47. GHS COMMITTEE & NETWORKING SYSTEM GHS COMMITTEE ORGANIZATION GHS COMMITTEE (MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY) MINISTRY OF MINISTRY OF NADFC MANPOWER/ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATIONS (FIKI) MINISTRY OF MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE TRADE Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 47
  48. 48. FEDERATION OFINDONESIAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY (FIKI) • Established and incorporated in 29 May 2008. • Currently, around 30 members, is the umbrella body representing various sectors of chemical industries association in Indonesia such as : – Indonesian Oleo Chemicals Manufacturers Association (APOLIN). – Care® National Committee Responsible Care® Indonesia (KN-RCI). (KN- – Indonesian Fertilizer Producers Association (APPI). – Indonesian Synthetic Resin Association (ARSI). – Indonesian Pulp and Paper Association (APKI). – Indonesian Olefin and Plastic Industry Association (INAplas). (INAplas). – Indonesian Lubricants Association (ASPELINDO). – Indonesian Biofuel Producers Association (APROBI) – Indonesian Paints Association (ACI). – Indonesian Surfactant Producers Association (APROBSI) – Indonesian Basic Organic Chemical Industry Association (APKODI). – Indonesian Cement Association (ASI) – Indonesian Basic Un-Organic (AKIDA) Un- – Indonesian Agriculture Chemical Association (AP3I) – Indonesian Tire Producers Association (APBI) – Indonesian Chemical Support Producers (APKAPI) – Indonesian Formaldehyde & Thermosetting Adhesive Association (AIFTA) (AIFTA) – Indonesia Flat & Safety Glass Association (AKLPI) – Indonesian Consumed Iodium Salt (APROGAKOB) – National Society Pesticide Community (HMPN) – Prepared by Hubert Widiastono Organic Agriculture Community (MAPORINA) 48
  49. 49. Establishment of National Task Team for GHS Implementation in Indonesia• The Indonesia National Task Team for GHS Implementation was established on 24 Oct 2008; chaired by Ministry of Industry.• Under the task team, the lead agencies for the four key sectors were identified as GHS Authorities in Indonesia. Sector Lead Government Agencies Industry / Ministry of Industry / Ministry of Manpower Workplace Agriculture Ministry of Agriculture Transport Ministry of Transport Consumer Ministry of Trade Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 49
  50. 50. Regulations/New Plan related to Classification,Labeling, & SDS No Regulation Sector Classification Label SDS Import Training1 Ministry of INDUSTRY Decree Number Industry √ √ √ √ 24/M-IND/PER/5/2006 concerning 24/M- Hazardous Materials Production and Usage Control for the Industry Ministry of Trade Decree Number 04/M- 04/M- Trading √ √ √2 DAG/PER/5/2006 concerning Distribution Control of Hazardous Substances3 Ministry of Environmental Decree number Industry √ √ Per-MENLH No.3/2008 Per-4 Ministry of Trade Decree Number Trading √ √ √ √ 44/M-DAG/PER/9/2009 concerning 44/M- Procurement, Distribution and Surveillance of Dangerous Goods5 Ministry of INDUSTRY Decree Industry √ √ √ Number 87/M-IND/PER/9/2009 87/M- concerning Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 50
  51. 51. Chemicals Classification in IndonesiaPeraturan Pemerintah RI Peraturan Pemerintah RI Kepmen Perindustrian Kepmen Perhubungan Permenkes RINo.41 tahun 1993 tentang No.74 tahun 2001 tentang No.148/M/SK/4/ No.KM 69 tahun 1993 No.472/Menkes/Per/V/Angkutan Jalan Pengelolaan Bahan 1985 tentang Pengamanan tentang Penyelenggaraan 1996 tentang Pengamanan Berbahaya dan Beracun Bahan Beracun dan Angkutan Barang di Jalan Bahan Berbahaya bagi Berbahaya di Perusahaan kesehatan Industria. Mudah meledak a. Mudah meledak 1. Bahan beracun a. Mudah meledak Bahan berbahaya adalah, adalah, (explosive) 2. Bahan peledak bahan kimia, baik dalam kimia,b. Gas mampat, gas cair, gas mampat, cair, b. Gas mampat, gas cair, gas mampat, cair, b. Pengoksidasi 3. Bahan mudah bentuk tunggal maupun terlarut pada tekanan atau terlarut pada tekanan atau (oxidizing) campuran yang dapat pendinginan tertentu terbakar/menyala pendinginan tertentu c. Sangat mudah sekali membahayakan kesehatanc. Cairan mudah menyala 4. Bahan oksidator dan c. Cairan mudah menyala menyala (extremely reduktor dan lingkungan hidup secarad. Padatan mudah menyala flammable) d. Padatan mudah menyala langsung atau tidak langsung, 5. Bahan yang mudah langsung,e. Oksidator, peroksida Oksidator, d. Sangat mudah e. Oksidator, peroksida Oksidator, yang mempunyai sifat racun, racun, menyala (highly meledak dan terbakar organik organik karsinogenik, teratogenik, karsinogenik, teratogenik, flammable) 6. Gas bertekananf. Racun dan bahan yang f. Racun dan bahan yang iritasi. mutagenik, korosif dan iritasi. mutagenik, e. Mudah menyala 7. Bahan korosi/iritasi mudah menular (flammable) 8. Bahan radioaktif mudah menularg. Radioaktif f. Amat sangat beracun g. Radioaktif 9. Bahan beracun dan (extremely toxic)h. Korosif Berbahaya lainnya yang h. Korosif g. Sangat beracuni. Berbahaya lain (highly toxic) ditetapkan oleh i. Berbahaya lain. h. Beracun (moderately Menteri Perindustrian toxic) i. Berbahaya (harmful) j. Korosif (corrosive) k. Bersifat iritasi (iritant) iritant) l. Berbahaya bagi lingkungan m.Karsinogenik n.Teratogenik o.Mutagenik Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 51
  52. 52. Hazard Communication: Chemicals Labeling (according to National Regulations) PP No.74 thn SK Menpan Per Men Kes Kep.Menteri Kep.Men 2001 ttg No.429/Kpts/um/9/ 472/Menkes/Per Tenaga Kerja Perhubungan Pengelolaan B3 1973 ttg syarat /V/1996 ttg No.Kep No.KM 69 ttg Pembungkusan dan Pengamanan BB 187/MEN/1999 ttg Penyelenggaraan Pemberian Label bagi kesehatan Pengendalian BKB Angkutan Barang Pestisida di tempat kerja di jalan 1.Kemasan B3 1. Wadah pestisida 1. Wadah atau 1. Label meliputi: meliputi: 1. Kenderaan wajib diberi harus diberi label kemasan harus - Nama produk bermotor pengangkut bahan berbahaya simbol dan 2. Keterangan pada dicantumkan - Identifikasi bahaya harus diberi tanda label serta label harus dalam penandaan - Tanda bahaya sesuai dengan bb dilengkapi bahasa Indonesia 2. Penandaan - Risiko dan yang diangkut. diangkut. MSDS harus mudah penanggulanganny 3. Keterangan & a tanda peringatan dilihat, dibaca, - Tindakan harus jelas, mudah dimengerti, pencegahan dibaca, tahan tidak mudah - Instruksi terhadap pestisida, lepas dan kebakaran, kebakaran, tidak dapat luntur tumpahan, tumpahan, terhapus. pengisian dan penyimpanan - Nama, alamat, Nama, alamat, No.telp.pabrik pembuat atau distributor. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 52
  53. 53. CLOSING• Preparation towards GHS implementation (GHS Building Block) in Indonesia is underway; however we need more hard work among Government, Business and Trade/Associations and related stakeholders.• FIKI/Industry Associations to build a chemical management system through dissemination, education/training programs (for example MASPI scientific discussion) in place on GHS. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 53
  54. 54. AbbreviationAbbreviation Full NameUNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and DevelopmentWSSD World Summit on Sustainable DevelopmentUNEP United Nations Environment ProgramPOPs Persistent Organic PollutantsPIC Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed ConsentSAICM Strategic Approach to International Chemical ManagementUN United NationsECOSOC United Nations Economic and Social CouncilUNRTDG United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous GoodsGHS Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of ChemicalsIOMC Inter-Organization Program for the Sound Management of ChemicalsFAO Food and Agriculture OrganizationILO International Labor OrganizationOECD Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 54
  55. 55. AbbreviationAbbreviation Full NameUNIDO United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationUNITAR United Nations Institute for Training and ResearchWHO World Health OrganizationICCA The International Council of Chemical AssociationsRCGC Responsible Care Global CharterGPS Global Product StrategyPS Product StewardshipTSCA Toxic Substances Control Act (US)ChAMP Chemical Assessment and Management Program (US)REACH Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (EU)CLP Classification, Labeling and Packaging of substances and mixtures (EU)RoHS Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (EU)CSCL Chemical Substances Control Law (JP)PRTR Pollutant Release and Transfer Register Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 55
  56. 56. Prepared by Hubert Widiastono 56
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