under the influence of the Greek mythology, nymphaeums were built where
the Thracians practiced religious and health rituals ending by tossing coins
in the mineral water areas “for health”.
The cultural and economic boom of these dwellings actually started after the
Romans conquered the Thracians in the year 46. In addition to conducting
health and religious rituals, for the next five-six centuries the nymphaeums
welcomed other activities such as hospitalisation. The “Asclepions“ – baths
with additional functions and curative health centres for hospitalisation of the
sick, were built and the largest of their kind was established in the ancient
Ulpia Pautalia (present Kyustendil) spreading over a territory of 3600 sq.m
and ranking second among the Asclepions in ancient Hellenic Epidavar.
Today enormous wealth of natural factors, combined with the country’s
modern hotels and spa facilities, provide excellent possibilities for the year-
round effective treatment of the most widespread diseases of our times and
truly make Bulgaria a country of health.
Evidences that the mineral springs and Roman baths were used in the
time of the first and second Bulgarian Kingdom have been found during
excavations near the villages of Merichleri, the baths in Stara Zagora area,
the village of Varshets, the baths of Sapareva Banya and Haskovo baths.
The natural thermal water springs in Bulgaria are some of the most sterling
and unique resources of the country and welcome the prosperity of tourism;
they are the “golden key“ to boosting the development of the hospitality
industry that will keep tourism flourishing. Over 800 hydro mineral springs
clustered in over 240 water formations, rich in hot and cold mineral water
with temperature varying in a wide range from 37° C up to 101° C, gush forth
and spout out of the bowels of the Earth from a depth of over 2000 meters.
In the uniqueness, variety and abundance of hydrothermal, bioclimatic, mud
treatment, sea cure, and other health resources, Bulgaria ranks among the
first in Europe. Specialists are unanimous that all kinds of known mineral
waters around the world find their counterpart in our country. Deposits of
high quality peat and healing mud have been found at many places in the
The mineral water with the highest temperature measured on the Balkan
Peninsula springs out as a geyser in the area of Sapareva Banya. The
Mihalkovo natural soda-water is the third most famous of its kind in the
world. The healing spring waters with curative effect in the spa resort of
Merichleri, similar in quality to the mineral water springs in the famous
resort areas of Karlovi Vari and Vichy, were awarded a gold medal at the
International exhibition which took place in London in 1907. The up-to date
mud center in the sea town of Pomorie is the largest on the Balkan Peninsula
and is an incredible contribution to the development of domestic balneology
(hot spring spas and therapy).
Bulgaria’s health spas and hot mineral springs have been noted for their
restorative and recreative effects since the ancient Thracian, Greek and
Roman times. Ancient civilizations settled in these mineral spring areas a
long time ago. When establishing their dwellings on the Balkan Peninsula
in the 5th century BC, the Thracians, preferred to settle in these wholesome
and favorable unique lands with natural spring waters, following the old
traditions and making a cult of the natural sparkling curative thermal
waters. There are extremely good bio-climatic resources which, combined
with the existing ancient traditions in thermal water use, provide a base
of balneology development in the country of Bulgaria. In Thracian times,
flourishing settlements sprang up around the hot mineral springs. Later,
Modern history of the
balneotherapy in Bulgariawww.bulgariatravel.org
Spa and Wellness
Modern history of the
balneotherapy in Bulgaria
The new history of the balneotherapy in Bulgaria starts in the 20th
century. The clinical and experimental balneology are developed. A
lot of practical information for the chemical and physical contents of
the thermal waters, directions for use, the therapeutic indications and
contra-indications is gathered. The balneology resorts are approved and
the network for treatment and prophylaxis is created in the country. In the
80s of the 20th century Bulgaria is already one of the leading countries
in Europe in terms of balneology tourist properties base. The Bulgarian
entrepreneurs and hoteliers focus on balneology again in the beginning
of the 21st century. The usage of the mineral waters varies from medical
to recreational, from relaxing to strengthening the body. In line with the
leading trends and tendencies, Bulgaria gets increasingly focused on
the spa and wellness tourist services. A lot of tourist properties were
established and continue to develop as well as hotels and recreational
properties, where water treatment and procedures, recreating the internal
harmony and physical strength of the body are applied and practiced.
They are normally part of the existing balneology centers, but also they
are often part of existing hotels and resorts. Spa and wellness services
are forming unique possibilities for medical and recreational tourism in
conjunction with classical balneology, magnificent climate, varied nature,
centuries-old culture and history. The experience gained in balneological
procedures, as well as the well-educated and prepared medical
personnel specializing in climatotherapy, physiotherapy, kinesitherapy
and rehabilitation are not to be cast away.
A second use of mineral waters is for drinking. The focus on the bottling
of the mineral waters is also a result of the leading health trends, which
show a reduction of available drinking water and the rising danger of
pollution in water collection basins. The third significant usage of the
thermal waters in Bulgaria is the production of derivates (lye, salt), which
are used as basic components in different cosmetic and bio products.
The mineral springs in Bulgaria are located in three main regions - South
Bulgaria, including Rila, Rhodopes and Pirin mountains, Sredna Gora and
the Balkan Mountain Range. The second main region is formed in North
Bulgaria - in the surroundings of Montana, Vidin and Pleven. The third
main region is the northern part of the Black Sea Coast. Not to leave
out the surroundings of Sofia itself: an area rich in hydrothermal springs,
numbering more than forty.
In the Sofia residential districts of Gorna Banya and Knyazhevo there are
thermal springs of some of the most non-mineralized waters in Bulgaria.
They are used mainly for bottling and as drinking water and for the
production of non-alcoholic beverages.
for treatment of diseases of the locomotive, nervous, cardiovascular,
digestive and secretory systems, diseases of the lungs, etc. The mineral
water in the residential district of Pancharevo has similar qualities.
The first (and still in operation) spa medical centre in Bulgaria was built
in 1907-10 in the town of Bankya - one of the country’s best known and
most frequented spa resorts. The climatic conditions are favourable for
year-round spa treatment. The thermal spring of this town is slightly
mineralized and is recommended for treating disturbances of the nervous
system, cardiovascular system, as well as for preventing of diseases of
the respiratory system, the locomotive, digestive and urinary systems.
This resort was popular in the past and is situated in the Maritsa valley,
close to the main Sofia – Plovdiv road. Its water is slightly mineralized
and hypothermal. It is recommended for disorders of the digestive and
endocrine systems, the locomotive, cardiovascular system, as well as for
Momin Prohod is one of the residential districts of Kostenets. The water
there is slightly mineralized but the radon value is one of the highest in
Bulgaria after Narechen baths. The resort is focused on the balneology
treatment of the nervous system but it is also famous for its possibilities
to rehabilitate after poliomyelitis. The treatment of respiratory problems
and skin diseases is also popular.
Spa and Wellness KostenetsKostenets
There are significant differences in the composition of the mineral waters
in these areas. Overall the thermal waters in the Southern region have
slight total mineralization and are among the hottest in Europe. They
often contain fluorine (average concentration rate is 6-7 mg/l) and
sulphurated hydrogen (up to 10-15 mg/l). Situated at the foot hills of the
Osogovska Mountain, Kyustendil (ancient Pautalia) is one of Bulgaria’s
best known climatic and spa resorts. The village emerged due to this
natural treasure and its Thracian name “Puteos” means bath. On a coin
found dating back to the age of Emperor Karakal, a forest-covered hill
can be seen which arises over the town, with a big temple on the top, a
bath temple at its feet and three smaller temples nestling in its slopes.
This is a part of the famous Aesclepion sanctuary dedicated to the
God of medicine and healing waters – Aesculapus. The later names
of the town are also connected with the thermal waters. During the
5th - 7th century the town was often mentioned under the name of
Kolasia – identical with the small Asian town of Kolasia where the cult to
the local warm mineral springs was held.
The water is the main natural treasure of Kyustendil now-a-days. All
springs are slightly mineralized, hypo thermal, with a strong base
reaction and high capacity. They are recommended for treatment of
problems of the locomotive system, the nervous system, disturbances
in the reproductive system, respiratory problems, sterility in women,
treatment of gynaecological malfunctions, endocrine, chronic, metabolic
and respiratory diseases. Excellent results have been achieved with
thousands of patients suffering arthritis.
5Spa and Wellness KyustendilKyustendil
The hottest mineral water springs out with the power of a geyser in Sapareva
Banya. The town is located 12 km east from Doupnitsa and 28 km west
from the city of Samokov. Sapareva Banya is a mountain resort and one of
the biggest balneology centers in Bulgaria. Ancient relics from the Thracian
settlement of Dzhermanezha founded in the 1st and 2nd century BC have
been discovered here. The Thracians founded the village of Dzhermanezha
and the Romans turned it into a fortress with a balneology complex for the
care of war veterans. They named it Germania which is kept in the name of
the German river. The climate here is mild and the proximity of the cool Rila
Mountain turns Sapareva Banya into a healthy resort.
The thermal waters of Sapareva Bania are slightly mineralized and among
the waters with the highest fluorine content. They are recommended for
the locomotive and the nervous system, as well as for the treatment of
gynaecological malfunctions and skin diseases.
Blagoevgrad is the heir of the Thracian village Scaptopara which emerged
around a warm mineral spring. Historical and archaeological findings include
remains of Roman walls and bricks. The thermal waters have always
attracted people here.
The waters are slightly mineralized, hypothermal, alkali. They are
recommended for the locomotive, nervous system as well as for the
treatment of gastro enteric diseases, some kidney and urological diseases
and conditions of the digestive system.
Spa and Wellnesswww.bulgariatravel.org
Sapareva BanyaSapareva Banya
The Thracians founded Medius – a settlement between the foothills of
3 mountains – Pirin, Ograzhden and Slavyanka. This ancient city also
existed in the 5th - 6th centuries, as is evidenced by the discovery of
old Christian tombs. The tombs found by archeologists served as a
Byzantine church devoted to the two healer saints St. Kozma and St.
Damyan. When the Slavs settled in these lands they gave to the city the
name of this church – St. Healer.
Sandanski is famous not only as a balneology centre but also for its
unique climate. Apart from its natural beauties and lush vegetation
the resort also features a multitude of mineral springs. The Pirin
Mountain protects the city from cold winds and the Struma river valley
brings mild Mediterranean currents. The climate is warm, dry, almost
fogless. Qualified experts have recognized Sandanski as the best place
for the prophylaxis and treatment of rheumatism. Resort conditions
are particularly conducive to the treatment of bronchial asthma. The
waters are clear, colorless, and odorless, with a pleasant taste, slightly
diseases as well as for the locomotive system, the peripheral nervous
system, gynaecological, skin, and urological, gastro enteric, endocrine
and metabolic diseases. This remarkable combination of balmy, health-
giving weather and curative mineral water makes Sandanski the perfect
place for modern climatic-therapy, spa treatment, rehabilitation, primary
and secondary prophylaxis and recreation.
Spa and Wellnesswww.bulgariatravel.org
Dobrinishte is a balneological resort located in the Western slopes of the
Rhodopes Mountains. There are 17 mineral springs in the village with the
temperature of 30º C to 43º C. There are several curative centers and an
open air pool with mineral water.
The village of Banya is situated 6 km from Bansko and 5 km from Razlog.
There are more than 25 mineral springs with temperatures varying in the
range of 28º C to 58º C. There is also a balneological health center.
The famous Ognyanovski mineral baths are situated in close proximity
to the village of Ognyanovo (12 km north east from the town of Gotse
Delchev). The mineral springs were used even in the antique Roman
age (Nikopolis ad Nestum); some balneology facilities from that time
have been preserved. The climate is trans-continental, melded by the
The water has the temperature of 43º C and the flow capacity of 70 l/sec,
slightly mineralized, slightly fluoride. It is suitable for the treatment and
rehabilitation of the locomotive system, the peripheral nervous system,
some gynaecological and urological diseases.
The area of Rupite is situated 17 km south from the resort of Sandanski.
The climate is transitional continental, with clearly defined Mediterranean
The water has the temperature of 76º C and the capacity of 35 l/sec,
slightly mineralized, fluoride, and contains valuable bio-plankton from
micro algae with proven healing quality.
8 Spa and Wellnesswww.bulgariatravel.org
The ancient Bulgarian town and world-famous spa resort of Hissar is
situated in the centre of Bulgaria, at the foot of Sredna Gora Mountain,
40 km north of the city of Plovdiv and 160 km east of Sofia, close to
the Valley of Roses. Archaeological research shows that there was an
ancient dwelling near the mineral water springs in the area of Hissar as
early as 5000 years BC. Thracian people and Romans settled in these
lands. Emperor Diocletian visited the village of Hissar and named it after
himself – Diocletianopol. Palaces and marble baths were built and the
village of Hissar became a very attractive resort area for the Roman
The temperatures are very attractive – mild winter, early spring season,
mild summer, a real eye-catching autumn. The area is not urban and
there are no production plants and factories nearby. Very interesting are
the unique bead belts one can find in Hissar. It takes about three months
to make a one-meter long belt.
Today Hissar is a modern spa resort that offers all facilities needed for
balneotherapy. There are 22 mineral springs in Hissar - 16 natural and
6 deeply drilled, with temperatures ranging from 37° C to 52° C. The
mineral water is light, clear, colourless, and tasty. It is slightly mineralized,
hypo- and hyper-thermal, with a predominance of hydro carbonic,
sodium, sulphate and fluorine ions, as well as substantial amounts
of radioactive gas. Hissar mineral water can be used both as drinking
water and for the prevention and treatment of gastro-intestinal tract
diseases, nephrolithiasis and nephrite-urological diseases, cholelithiasis,
locomotive system diseases, gynaecological diseases, kidney, liver
and gall bladder diseases, endocrine-metabolically diseases, early
atherosclerosis and processes of premature senility, dental diseases and
prevention of dental caries, chronic heavy metal poisoning malfunctions
with heavy metals and pharmaceutical substances.
9Spa and Wellnesswww.bulgariatravel.org
The town of Strelcha in Sredna Gora Mountain also offers facilities in
the balneological centre. The water is slightly mineralized, hypothermal,
alkali, with high flow capacity. It is recommended for the treatment of
locomotive, peripheral nervous, reproduction, endocrine, gastro enteritis
and kidney urological problems.
The balneological resort Banya is only 8.5 km away from the glorious
town of Panagyurishte and 45 km away from the city of Pazardzhik.
Today it is a modern spa resort that offers all facilities for balneotherapy.
The mineral water is light, clear, colourless, and tasty. It is slightly
mineralized, hypo- and hyper-thermal, with a predominance of hydro
carbonic, sodium, sulphate and fluorine ions, as well as substantial
amounts of radioactive gas. The curative mineral waters in this spa
resort are good for treatment of skeleton- muscular system disorders,
disease of the peripheral nerve system, inflammations of the degenerative
diseases of the joints, gynaecological disorders, abdominal disorders,
kidney and urology. Suitable for treatment of injuries of the locomotive
system. The temperature of the mineral spring is approximately 42° C,
slightly mineralized and mildly alkaline.
The remarkable combination of balmy, weather and curative mineral spa
waters makes the town of Velingrad one of the most attractive parts of
the picturesque Rhodopes Mountains in Southern Bulgaria. Velingrad is
a well-known spa and climatic resort in South Bulgaria. Surrounded
by age-old pine tree woods, the town favours abundant sunshine. The
resort’s mineral water well up from 70 springs with a total flow of over
10 000 l/sec. There are 70 sources of mineral water with curative and
Mineral waters are hypothermal with temperatures ranging from 31° C
to 71° C, slightly mineralized, fluorine, and sulphate-carbonate-sodium.
Successfully treated here are almost all diseases and disorders off the
human body systems. The treatment of non-specific diseases of the
respiratory tract is particularly successful. Considerable experience has
been accumulated in the efficient treatment of diseases of the locomotive
system, nervous diseases and gynaecological disorders. Together with
the numerous mineral waters Velingrad takes pride in another natural
phenomenon as well - the Kleptutsa spring. This is the biggest Karst
spring in Bulgaria with a flow rate of 900 l/sec.
10 Spa and Wellnesswww.bulgariatravel.org
Devin and Beden
The Narechen mineral bath is another famous balneology resort
situated in the Rhodopes Mountain set amid magnificent pine forest 45
kilometers south-west of the city of Plovdiv. The Narechen baths consist
of 14 spring mineral waters. The hypothermic waters contain radon,
sulphates and hydro carbonates of sodium and calcium, silicon and
small amounts of fluorine, and have a weak alkaline reaction. They are
clear, colorless and palatable. The radon content ranges from moderate
to high. It is suitable for the treatment of functional disturbances of the
nervous system, cardio vascular diseases, and metabolic problems. Its
positive influence on the gastroenterological system, gallous, respiration
organs and kidneys is proven.
The town of Devin is a well-known balneology resort and is famous
since ancient times with the healing qualities and the rich variety of
mineral springs. They are combined with healthy mountain climate, pure
forest air and modern hotel and wellness base which turn the town into
an ideal place for balneology and spa tourism.
The water is slightly mineralized with high alkalis. It is recommended
for treatment and prophylaxis of degenerative joint diseases of the
locomotive system, treatment of the nervous system functional
diseases, disorders of cardiovascular and reproduction systems as well
as for kidney and urological, lever, gallous and endocrine diseases.
The Beden baths are situated 12 km east of Devin and 23 km west
of the famous mountain resort Pamporovo. The climate is transitional
continental, with Mediterranean influence.
The mineral waters are hot (76º C), with substantial capacity – 12 l/sec,
slight mineralization and slight acid. They are used for the treatment of
digestive system, endocrine, locomotive, neurological, gynaecological
and epidermal diseases, disturbances of the locomotive system of a
degenerative or inflammatory origin.
11Spa and Wellnesswww.bulgariatravel.org
The village of Banite is situated in the heart of the magnificent Rhodopes
Mountains, in the eastern part of Smolyan district, in the valley of Malka
Arda River. The village of Banite is a spa resort. A warm mineral spring
has been found in the centre of the village. The healing water is slightly
mineralized, hypothermal with neutral pH factors. It is suitable for the
treatment and rehabilitation of the locomotive system, treatment of
gynaecological and urological malfunction diseases, cardiovascular
and epidermal skin problems, digestive and urinary systems, root canals
disorders of teeth, prophylaxis.
The health resort of Haskovo mineral baths is situated 60 km south east
of the city of Plovdiv and 18 km to the west of Haskovo. The history
has played an important role and brought its influence to the relics from
ancient settlements – there are lots of Roman bath facilities in the area of
the mineral spring natural water resorts, fortress walls, folk-style goods,
coins not only from the Roman cultural heritage but dating back to old
Thracian epochs and ages, which confirms once again the curative use
of these mineral spring waters.
There are 15 natural and drilled sources of slightly mineralized water and
mildly alkaline which temperature varies in the range of 54º C - 56º C.
The water is both drinkable and therapeutic. The total water capacity is
36 l/sec. There is a water pipe facility leading to the city of Haskovo,
where the natural mineral water is used in the specially designed
balneo treatment center and hospital. They are recommended for all
year round treatment of the locomotive, nervous system as well as for
gastro enterology diseases, some kidney and urological diseases and
conditions of the digestive system: gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers
in remission, colitis, glomerulonephritis, cystopyelitis, chronical vascular
diseases and initial diabetes.
12 Spa and Wellnesswww.bulgariatravel.org
The popularity of the world famous town of Merichleri situated 16 km
North West of the city of Dimitrovgrad and 17 km away from Chirpan
is due to the curative power of the mineral water, rivalling the springs
in popular resort areas like Karlovi Vari and the French mineral water
Vichy. The curative properties of the spring waters in the resort area
were awarded the gold medal of the International Exhibition in London
which took place in 1907.
Mineral waters are hypothermal with temperatures ranging from 25° C
to 45° C, slightly mineralized. Successfully treated here are almost all
diseases and disorders: considerable experience has been accumulated
in the efficient treatment of diseases of the locomotive system, nervous
system diseases and gynaecological disorders. The combined climatic
and balneology treatment is recommended for patients having chronic
respiratory system and urological problems, osteoporosis and complete
Pavel Banya is also in the top chart of the Bulgarian balneology resorts.
Pavel Banya is situated 18 km south east of Kalofer, 25 km to the west of
Kazanlak and 9,5 km from the artificial pond Koprinka. It offers its guests
a recreation and rehabilitation complex with underwater gymnastics pool,
balneo sanatoriums and hotels. The waters of the seven mineral springs
are slightly mineralised, alkali, with high temperature and capacity.
In the vicinity of the town of Stara Zagora are the Stara Zagora Mineral
Baths - a spa resort famous for ages. They are widely visited because
of their closeness to the town and the curative effect in the treatment of
diseases of the digestive, urinary and endocrine systems, considerable
experience in treatment of the locomotive system, nervous diseases
and gynaecological disorders and other conditions for healing of heavy
metals/ chronic lead based intoxications.
13Spa and Wellnesswww.bulgariatravel.org
Merichleri, Pavel Banya
and Stara Zagora
Stara ZagoraStara Zagora
Pavel BanyaPavel Banya
The mineral springs in the Mineral Baths of Sliven have proved their
effectiveness in the treatment and prophylaxis of stomach, liver
diseases, as well as locomotive, cardio vascular diseases, gastro
enteritis and peripheral nervous system, intoxications, fluor prohpylaxis
in osteoporosis and tooth cavities.
Banya Korten (Novozagorski Bani) - its slightly mineralized water can
be used both as drinking water and for prevention of gastro-intestinal
tract diseases, locomotive system diseases, gynaecological diseases,
gall bladder diseases, endocrine-metabolically diseases, early
atherosclerosis and processes of premature senility, dental diseases and
14 Spa and WellnessSouthern regionwww.bulgariatravel.org
Banya KortenBanya Korten
There are plenty of natural mineral springs in the northern part of
Bulgaria which are unique in their water characteristics and differ from
the natural mineral springs in the southern parts of the country. The
waters of the springs in the northern regions of Bulgaria – Vidin and
Montana are highly mineralized with high level of NaCl, iodine and brome
salts and hydro sulphide. The mineral spring waters in Pleven region are
less mineralized (5-15 g/l).
The most unique balneology center in the region of Western Balkan
Mountain Range is Varshets. One of the oldest and most popular resorts
in Northern Bulgaria, it is famous for its curative mineral springs, mild
mountain climate, beautiful scenery and a large well-kept park. It is an
ancient Bulgarian village. The temperature of water from the “Hot spring“
is 36.4° C, the other cold mineral water spring has a temperature of
The mineral water of Varshets is suitable for external use, as well as
for inhalations, irrigations and drinking. It is applied for treatment of
functional diseases of the central nervous system, cardiovascular
diseases; various diseases of the cardiac muscle and valves; chronic
diseases. Good results have also been achieved in the treatment of some
diseases of the peripheral nervous system, the locomotive system and
some gastrointestinal diseases and retina disorders.
Ovcha Mogila is a newly formed resort area in comparison to Varshets
and because of its thermal spring waters, the resort gains popularity. The
mineral water is recommended for the treatment of rheumatism, bones
and muscle disorders, problems of the nervous system, gastro and liver
problems, metabolism problems , malfunctions of the glade bladder and
Such health disorders are also treated in the spring areas of Voneshta
Voda, Shipkovo and Chiflik village.
15Spa and Wellness
Ovcha MogilaOvcha Mogila
Black Sea Coast
Plenty of thermal mineral water springs, curative firth mud, lake brine, lye,
favorable sea climate and attractive landscape – you can find all these on
the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. Recently most of the Bulgarian resort areas
rely on the main tourist and natural attractions. When gaining their popularity
and attracting people, they consider also the “golden unique” opportunities
which the balneology, spa and wellness factors can offer. There is a whole
variety of facilities like baths, kinesitherapy, mineral pools with healing water
resources, electro and light treatment, electrophoresis as well as many
others. These services as well as world-class health programs are offered in
Grand Hotel Varna, the International Home of Scientists “F. J. Curie”, Sunny
Day Complex, Dobrudzha Hotel in Albena resort complex.
Mineral waters along the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast have different physical
and chemical characteristics, but they are generally with low mineralization,
containing calcium, magnesium and hydrogen sulphide (St. St. Konstantin
and Elena, Golden Sands, Albena, town of Kavarna, etc.) Particularly
valuable are the salty highly mineralized waters containing iodine and
bromide in the Kamchiya region (good for the treatment of arthrosclerosis,
diseases of the bones and joints, the nervous system) and in Tyulenovo
(municipality of Dobrich).
hypo thermal and alkali with a whole range of medical and healing indicators
for treatment of different diseases and human body system disorders. The
mineral water of the Balchishka Tuzla is with similar components. The
curative mud taken from both firth lakes eases bone and muscular disorders
treatment and the treatment of disturbances of the locomotive system
- arthritic and rheumatic complaints, arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, post-
traumatic states, gout diseases of the muscles and tendons, etc. There is a
mud health centre offering mud healing procedures and applications of the
so called “Egypt method“. There is a specially designed children sanatorium
centre which takes professional care of kids under 14 years age through
kinesitherapy and healing massage procedures, hydro thermal pool area
facilities as well as many others.
Spa and WellnessBlack Sea Coastwww.bulgariatravel.org
Black Sea Coast
The gem of the Bulgarian Black Sea with a convenient and well conserved
water area is the largest sea climatic and balneology centre in Bulgaria
where mud treatment, sun, sea and sand procedures are gaining
popularity and attracting tourists. The city’s peculiar sea charm is
sublime and moving with its 12 thermal springs with slight mineralization
and high level of temperature difference (28° C - 52° C), high water flow
capacity and the abundance of firth mud in the Varna lake.
Beyond the high season its balneotherapy facilities can help you unwind
and enjoy the many sights and sounds in peace.
The mineral waters are extremely good for treatment of cardio vascular
diseases, nervous system problems and disorders, upper respiratory
tract and lung diseases, fatness; however good for various treatment
procedures, rehabilitation, primary and secondary prophylaxis and
recreation. Similar health disorders are also influenced by the good
chemical composition, the value of hydrogen sulphide and hydro dioxide
at the spa balneology centre ”St. Konstantin”. The thermal water in
Golden sands and Riviera areas is suitable for systematic treatment of
digestive system diseases, urinary and endocrine systems.
Bourgas thermal baths, located 15 km away from the 4th largest city in
Bulgaria, are among the most ancient balneology spa resorts described
in the memorials of Philip Makedonski, dating back to the 4th century
BC. The thermal water is slightly mineralised, hypo thermal with a high
value of pH and high water capacity. It is excellent for the treatment of
ailments of the locomotive system, the central and peripheral nervous
system, the digestive tract and gynaecological diseases, endocrine gland
problems and kidney and urology disorders. The healing water resources
in combination with the mild and specific favorable climate conditions
are the perfect opportunity for all-year round prophylaxis, treatment and
active vacation and recreation.
The mineral water in the area of Nessebar and Sunny Beach contains
similar chemical components but with higher temperature.
17Black Sea Coast Spa and Wellnesswww.bulgariatravel.org
Black Sea Coast
Black Sea Coast
Black Sea Coast
The resort Pomorie, one of Bulgaria’s best known mud treatment and
seaside resorts possesses a unique nature which makes it an attractive
place for year-round recreation and treatment of various diseases.
Founded during the 6th - 5th century BC near salty lake called by the
ancient Thracians “sacred” because of its curative abilities. It is situated
on a peninsula 22 km north of the city of Bourgas. It is proved that
according to its qualities Pomorie curative mud, extracted from the salty
lake, is among the best in the world. The first mud-cure establishment
was built here in 1927 and the national mud cure centre was established
in 1983 – the biggest in terms of area and facilities on the Balkan
Peninsula. Pomorie is famous with its curative mud, the favourable
sea climate, the sea and beach. The mud eases bone and muscular
disorders. In the modern sanatorium different diseases are cured all
year round. Main indications for year-round treatment: disturbances of
the locomotive system - arthritic and rheumatic complaints, arthritis,
rheumatoid arthritis, post-traumatic states, gout diseases of the muscles
and tendons, etc.
18 Spa and Wellnesswww.bulgariatravel.org
Black Sea Coast
Additional useful information
Spa and Wellnesswww.bulgariatravel.org
State system of Bulgaria:
Capital: Sofia (1.2 mil. Inhabitants)
Official language: Bulgarian, alphabet
Religion: Orthodox (85%), Muslim (8%),
Time zone: GMT (London) + 2 hours,
East-European time (Germany) + 1 hour
Electricity: 220 V, 50 Hz
Entrance in the country: Foreign citizens
enter Bulgaria with their international
passport, which shall be valid for at least
three more months.
Custom’s formalities and limitations:
Upon crossing the state border of the
Republic of Bulgaria passengers may
import and export commodities that
in type, quantities, and value are not
of a commercial nature. These do not
include objects the passenger carry for
personal use and consumption objects.
Passengers have the right to import at no
custom duty or import fees the objects
necessary to the foreign individuals
for their stay in the country, which in
their type and quantity correspond to
both purpose and the duration of their
stay, as well as consumption objects:
- tobacco products (passengers over
or other tobacco products - 250 gr.;
- alcoholic beverages (passengers over
16 years of age) - wine - 2 litres, and
alcoholic liquors - 1 litre;
- other drinks: coffee - 500 g. or coffee
extract - 200g. tea - 100 g. or tea
extract - 40 g.;
- perfumes - 50 ml. and toilet water-
Passengers who are under full 16 years of
age are not entitled to duty-free import of
the commodities listed above, except for
Money exchange: The Bulgarian Lev is
pegged to the Euro. 1 EUR = 1.955 BGN.
You may exchange money in banks and
in any of the numerous exchange offices.
Some of those offices are opened during
the holidays. Euro-checks may be cashed
on a lot of banks.
Credit cards: Most of the biggest hotels
work with VISA or Master Card. American
Express is less widespread.
Medical service: Foreign citizens entering
the Republic of Bulgaria are not required to
have compulsory immunizations.
Taxi-cabs: In towns and resorts there are
taxi-cabs situated in the respective taxi
Urban transport: In towns there is urban
transport: buses and mini-buses. In
Sofia there are trams, trolley busses and
underground. Tickets are usually bought
before getting on the vehicle.
Post offices and telecommunication:
Working time of post offices is from 8:00
a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Postage stamps and
postcards may be bought from the desks
in the post office or from pavilions selling
newspapers. There are a lot of internet-
cafes from which you may talk cheap or
send e-mails and use internet (most of
them work night and day).
Dialling code for Bulgaria from abroad
First aid 150
Traffic police – car accidents
+359 2/ 982 72 823, 866 50 60
Road aid +359 2/ 962 54 12, 962 52 99
Airport +359 2/ 937 22 13
Central railway station in Sofia
+359 2/ 9311111
International airport +359 2/ 952 50 04
Tourist information centres:
Hissarya: +359 337/ 62141
Velingrad: +359 359/ 51667
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