By: Nadia Cochinwala and Viraj Kadakia
A theoretical economic system characterized by the collective ownership of property and by
the organization of labor for the common advantage of all members.
May 5, 1818-March 14, 1883
Declared himself an atheist
Studied at the University of Berlin, he studied Hegelian philosophy and became interested in
He befriended Friedrich Engels, who supported him financially for the rest of his life. They
both put together the Communist Manifesto in 1848
His books were blueprints for a Communist world order
The Communist Manifesto explains the goals of Communism, with the theory underlying this
The Manifesto argues that communism is inevitable, and that capitalism is inherently
unstable, however a revolution will be required for this to occur.
Also states that Communism is the ending point of our social and political life, where there
are no governments, and everyone is equal with no hierarchy according to the manifesto.
not very educated
no one owned land
king/emperor becomes ruler
gives land to nobles to rule the people
people kept uneducated
some people got richer due to trade
business owners get richer
capitalists get more power to serve
their own interests
created a huge-class of people who get
angry and organize into unions
all rulers, kings, churches, capitalists
are got rid of
workers take control of the country to
produce things for everyone
no profit and everyone benefits
ideas make a lot of people happy
no more wards, and people are sharing,
and no more money
human activity goes towards benefiting
All of this was based on the philosophy of Karl Marx
and was interpreted just like this from the Communist
Manifesto. He believed that this is how the route to
communism is and cannot be stopped. Right now the
world is in a capitalistic stage, and even in communist
areas, they aren’t completely developed.
Changes to Communism
Definition of Communism: A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a
single, often authoritarian party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all
goods are equally shared by the people. (thefreedictionary.com)
The definition above is not what Communism was preached to be by Karl Marx. The definition above basically states
a Dictatorship or Totalitarianism type of rule. The original meaning of Communism" is by definition "From the
people, for the people." There is no ruler in a "Communist" society, but these days countries such as the the
dissolved Soviet Union used communism in a dictatorship manner and abused the policies.
In reality, communism has changed from being a peaceful, non-governing state, to a government who looks over a
So in general, communism doesn’t exist, but we have variants of it, but the theory of Karl Marx will probably never
come into existence.
Pros and Cons
It assures citizens freedom of speech,
press, assembly, rights to a job, and
freedom of religion too.
It promises equal rights for all.
The government protects you.
The government takes care of your
Society is safe.
One of communism's worst effects
was in 1933. Under Adolf Hitler, a
communist dictator, instructions were
given for the holocaust began killing
over six million Jewish people.
People have no individual rights, no
person can own land other than their
home, and people may get less
money than they’ve earned.
No one can have a financial Monopoly
which is bad for most and all people
are equals or at least treated as that.
Lists of Several Communist
1. China (1949)
2. Cuba (1961)
3. Laos (1975)
4. North Korea (1948)
5. Vietnam (1976)
6. USSR (1922-1991)