The Progress of an S&T Information GatewayPresentation Transcript
The Progress of an S&T Information Gateway for Taiwan Dr. Ted Lau, Senior Engineer The Science and Technology Policy Research and Information Center (STPI) National Applied Research Laboratory (NARL) March 27, 2009
From Open Source to Open Access
Taiwan Government’s Policy and Its Implementation for Sharing S&T Information
Toward an Open Access S&T Information Gateway for Taiwan
Open Source Movement
Richard Stallman launched GNU project in 1983 and founded Free Software Foundation in 1985.
GNU General Public License (GPL) was designed to promote copyleft and more free software.
Free software is a matter of the users' freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software.
Linux and FreeBSD distribution ramped up in Taiwan during 1994 - 1998.
Copyright Status in Taiwan
First Taiwanese Newspaper: Taiwan Hu-Sia Church News, July 1885, published by Rev. Thomas Barclay, a missionary from Scotland.
Japan’s Copyright Law applied to Formosa during 1899 - 1945.
ROC Copyright Law has been in operation since1928 and on Taiwan since 1945.
Significant modifications were made during 1985 - 1998 under the pressure of the US and to be compliant with WTO/TRIPS.
There is no GPL/Copyleft related legal term.
Creative Commons Taiwan
Researcher in the Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica learned about Creative Commons while doing open source project.
The Institute joined iCommons project in November 2003 and formed Creative Commons Taiwan. (http://creativecommons.org.tw/)
Serials Crisis in ARL The subscription expense on research journals in 2004 is 2.73 times that in 1986.
Trend of Licensing Fee in Taiwan (in Million US$ ) Figures are limited to payments negotiated through Concert.
Serials Crisis in Taiwan
For the past 8 years in National Taiwan University, a steady 10% yearly library budget increase has been devoured by the raising cost of the subscriptions.
In National Chiao Tung University, for the past 5 years, the library has to cut down subscriptions or switch to alternatives of lower cost due to budget freeze.
Open Access Movement
The worldwide effort to provide free online access to scientific and scholarly research literature, especially peer-reviewed journal articles and their preprints.
In OA self-archiving , authors publish in a subscription journal, but in addition make their articles freely accessible online.
In OA publishing , authors publish in open access journals that make their articles freely accessible online immediately upon publication.
Declaration on OA
The OA movement has gained momentum through three major statements made:
Budapest Open Access Initiative (February 2002)
Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (June 2003)
Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (October 2003)
In England and Germany, open access increased citations of articles by around 5%.
while in India the increase was almost 25% and close to 30% in Brazil.
The influence dipped back to 12–16% in very poor countries, such as Afghanistan, Uganda and Nepal.
Source: Science 20 February 2009 Open Access and Global Participation in Science. James A. Evans and Jacob Reimer.
Pilot Agreement for Open Access Journal Publishing
Articles by UC-affiliated authors accepted for publication in a Springer journal beginning in 2009 will be published using Springer Open Choice with full and immediate open access.
UC faculty members want open access publishing options in order to increase the impact of their published work and eliminate barriers to educational and research use.
WorldWideScience.org was launched in June 2007, aimed to be the Global Science Gateway.
The Alliance was formally founded in June 2008 in Seoul, Korea.
Operating Agent: Office of Scientific & Technical Information, United States Department of Energy.
Now with 45 countries participating.
Within S&T Basic Law of Taiwan
Item 20 (effective in January 1999 ): The government should set up policy for sharing S&T information and take an integral approach for creating an information network system encompassing domestic as well as foreign S&T research and development efforts.
Government Information Act
Put into law at the end of 2005.
Item 7 : unless otherwise defined, government should publish all reports produced by all research projects that are funded through government budget.
The exceptions, that are defined in Item 18, include national security information and information that may invade personal privacy, expose business/trade secret or hinder the author’s copyright.
Information on S&T Performance
Established in 1959, the National Science Council (NSC) is the highest government agency responsible for promoting the development of science and technology.
NSC conducts yearly national S&T survey and publishes Indicators of Science and Technology, Taiwan . (http://www.nsc.gov.tw/tech/)
NSC assigns STPI/NARL to edit and publish Yearbook of Science and Technology, Taiwan ROC . (http://yearbook.stpi.org.tw)
Government Research Bulletin GRB Search Number of records: 58,538 Total inquiries in 2008: 585,214 Abstract of Proposals Abstract of Research Reports TW Research Institutions Meetings Proceedings Full text Research Reports
CONsortium on Core Electronic Resources in Taiwan
Established in 1998
Facilitate the licensing of foreign electronic resources through group purchasing and resource sharing
Cost down the expense of purchasing
Around 210 members (169 universities, 41 government institutions) in 2008
Leased 41 database systems including 110 databases
Nationwide Document Delivery Services
Established in 1999
Integrate library resources and enable information sharing
Incorporate the union catalogues of the major local libraries
Around 437 members in 2008 include libraries, universities, research institutes, corporations and individual researchers
Number of document requested in 2008 is 146,339
STPI Think Tank
Established in September 2005
A platform for exchanging S&T policy ideas
A bridge between government and civic society
Topics of Concentration: Nature Disaster Prevention and Recovery, Environmental Protection, Agriculture Biotechnology, Energy Resources, Biotechnology and Pharmaceuticals, and Information Society
In 2004, TaiWan Advanced Research and Education Network designed by the Center for High-performance Computing under NARL to serve the research and education communities in Taiwan.
TWAREN can serve as the infrastructure for the eventual “integral system” as mandated by the Law.
About NARL Science & Technology Policy Research and Information Center (STPI)
S&T Information Gateway
Quality of Research Results Published?
Cooperation from External Institutions and Researchers?