The Progress of an S&T Information Gateway

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  • The Progress of an S&T Information Gateway

    1. 1. The Progress of an S&T Information Gateway for Taiwan Dr. Ted Lau, Senior Engineer The Science and Technology Policy Research and Information Center (STPI) National Applied Research Laboratory (NARL) March 27, 2009
    2. 2. Topics <ul><li>From Open Source to Open Access </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan Government’s Policy and Its Implementation for Sharing S&T Information </li></ul><ul><li>Toward an Open Access S&T Information Gateway for Taiwan </li></ul>
    3. 3. Open Source Movement <ul><li>Richard Stallman launched GNU project in 1983 and founded Free Software Foundation in 1985. </li></ul><ul><li>GNU General Public License (GPL) was designed to promote copyleft and more free software. </li></ul><ul><li>Free software is a matter of the users' freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software. </li></ul><ul><li>Linux and FreeBSD distribution ramped up in Taiwan during 1994 - 1998. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Copyright Status in Taiwan <ul><li>First Taiwanese Newspaper: Taiwan Hu-Sia Church News, July 1885, published by Rev. Thomas Barclay, a missionary from Scotland. </li></ul><ul><li>Japan’s Copyright Law applied to Formosa during 1899 - 1945. </li></ul><ul><li>ROC Copyright Law has been in operation since1928 and on Taiwan since 1945. </li></ul><ul><li>Significant modifications were made during 1985 - 1998 under the pressure of the US and to be compliant with WTO/TRIPS. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no GPL/Copyleft related legal term. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Creative Commons Taiwan <ul><li>Researcher in the Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica learned about Creative Commons while doing open source project. </li></ul><ul><li>The Institute joined iCommons project in November 2003 and formed Creative Commons Taiwan. (http://creativecommons.org.tw/) </li></ul>
    6. 6. Serials Crisis in ARL The subscription expense on research journals in 2004 is 2.73 times that in 1986.
    7. 7. Trend of Licensing Fee in Taiwan (in Million US$ ) Figures are limited to payments negotiated through Concert.
    8. 8. Serials Crisis in Taiwan <ul><li>For the past 8 years in National Taiwan University, a steady 10% yearly library budget increase has been devoured by the raising cost of the subscriptions. </li></ul><ul><li>In National Chiao Tung University, for the past 5 years, the library has to cut down subscriptions or switch to alternatives of lower cost due to budget freeze. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Open Access Movement <ul><li>The worldwide effort to provide free online access to scientific and scholarly research literature, especially peer-reviewed journal articles and their preprints. </li></ul><ul><li>In OA self-archiving , authors publish in a subscription journal, but in addition make their articles freely accessible online. </li></ul><ul><li>In OA publishing , authors publish in open access journals that make their articles freely accessible online immediately upon publication. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Declaration on OA <ul><li>The OA movement has gained momentum through three major statements made: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Budapest Open Access Initiative (February 2002) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (June 2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (October 2003) </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Citation Impact <ul><li>In England and Germany, open access increased citations of articles by around 5%. </li></ul><ul><li>while in India the increase was almost 25% and close to 30% in Brazil. </li></ul><ul><li>The influence dipped back to 12–16% in very poor countries, such as Afghanistan, Uganda and Nepal. </li></ul>Source: Science 20 February 2009 Open Access and Global Participation in Science. James A. Evans and Jacob Reimer.
    12. 12. Pilot Agreement for Open Access Journal Publishing <ul><li>Articles by UC-affiliated authors accepted for publication in a Springer journal beginning in 2009 will be published using Springer Open Choice with full and immediate open access. </li></ul><ul><li>UC faculty members want open access publishing options in order to increase the impact of their published work and eliminate barriers to educational and research use. </li></ul>
    13. 13. WorldWideScience Alliance <ul><li>WorldWideScience.org was launched in June 2007, aimed to be the Global Science Gateway. </li></ul><ul><li>The Alliance was formally founded in June 2008 in Seoul, Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>Operating Agent: Office of Scientific & Technical Information, United States Department of Energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Now with 45 countries participating. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Within S&T Basic Law of Taiwan <ul><li>Item 20 (effective in January 1999 ): The government should set up policy for sharing S&T information and take an integral approach for creating an information network system encompassing domestic as well as foreign S&T research and development efforts. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Government Information Act <ul><li>Put into law at the end of 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>Item 7 : unless otherwise defined, government should publish all reports produced by all research projects that are funded through government budget. </li></ul><ul><li>The exceptions, that are defined in Item 18, include national security information and information that may invade personal privacy, expose business/trade secret or hinder the author’s copyright. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Information on S&T Performance <ul><li>Established in 1959, the National Science Council (NSC) is the highest government agency responsible for promoting the development of science and technology. </li></ul><ul><li>NSC conducts yearly national S&T survey and publishes Indicators of Science and Technology, Taiwan . (http://www.nsc.gov.tw/tech/) </li></ul><ul><li>NSC assigns STPI/NARL to edit and publish Yearbook of Science and Technology, Taiwan ROC . (http://yearbook.stpi.org.tw) </li></ul>
    17. 17. Government Research Bulletin GRB Search Number of records: 58,538 Total inquiries in 2008: 585,214 Abstract of Proposals Abstract of Research Reports TW Research Institutions Meetings Proceedings Full text Research Reports
    18. 18. CONsortium on Core Electronic Resources in Taiwan <ul><li>Established in 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate the licensing of foreign electronic resources through group purchasing and resource sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Cost down the expense of purchasing </li></ul><ul><li>Around 210 members (169 universities, 41 government institutions) in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Leased 41 database systems including 110 databases </li></ul>
    19. 19. Nationwide Document Delivery Services <ul><li>Established in 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate library resources and enable information sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate the union catalogues of the major local libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Around 437 members in 2008 include libraries, universities, research institutes, corporations and individual researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Number of document requested in 2008 is 146,339 </li></ul>
    20. 20. STPI Think Tank <ul><li>Established in September 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>A platform for exchanging S&T policy ideas </li></ul><ul><li>A bridge between government and civic society </li></ul><ul><li>Topics of Concentration: Nature Disaster Prevention and Recovery, Environmental Protection, Agriculture Biotechnology, Energy Resources, Biotechnology and Pharmaceuticals, and Information Society </li></ul>
    21. 21. TWAREN <ul><li>In 2004, TaiWan Advanced Research and Education Network designed by the Center for High-performance Computing under NARL to serve the research and education communities in Taiwan. </li></ul><ul><li>TWAREN can serve as the infrastructure for the eventual “integral system” as mandated by the Law. </li></ul>
    22. 23. About NARL Science & Technology Policy Research and Information Center (STPI)
    23. 24. S&T Information Gateway
    24. 25. Problems Encountered <ul><li>Copyright? </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Credit? </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of Research Results Published? </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation from External Institutions and Researchers? </li></ul>
    25. 26. Thank You and Have a Nice Day!

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