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  • 1. GRAMBLING STATE UNIVERSITYCOLLEGE OF EDUCATIONWHAT ARE THE FACTORS THAT DETERMINE THE ENROLLMENT OF AN AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDENT ATHLETE AT AND HBCU?
    SPA 514
    A prospectus submitted to the Dept of Kinesiology, Sport and Leisure Studies
    By Perry Boler
  • 2. The purpose of the study is to elucidate the contributing factors an African-American student athlete undergoes in choosing an HBCU.
    Purpose of the study
  • 3. Factors in decision making
    Expanding on prior related research
    Definition/History of an HBCU
    Explain Data of student choices
    Examine attitude of student athlete
    IntroductionChapter 1
  • 4. Concept of Student athlete (attitudes)
    Definition of attitudes
    Beliefs, values, hunches, perceptions
    Definition of values
    Components of attitudes
    Conceptual Framework
  • 5. Strategies
    Decision making skills
    Education
    Statement of the problem
  • 6. What drives this research?
    Qualitative in nature (non-numerical) (race &Gender)
    Relationship questions
    Applied research
    Research Questions
  • 7. HBCU
    Attitude
    Student-Athlete
    Definition of Terms
  • 8. Weakness of the Study
    Uncontrolled variables
    Faulty administration of tests
    Sampling problems
    Limitations
  • 9. Parameters that can be controlled
    Scope of study
    subjects
    Delimitations
  • 10. What the researcher assumes
    Assumptions of the Study
  • 11. What is need of study?
    Qualitative measures
    Definitive system in choice?
    Significance of Study
  • 12. Anonymous, (2006). The false promise of basketball as young blacks’ best route
    Out of the inner city. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, (51),
    p.16-17.
     
    Anonymous, (2005). Are the flagship state universities exploiting black athletes?
    The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, (48), p.40-41.
     
    Anonymous. (2004/2005). Are the athletic powerhouses ignoring the education
    of black athletes. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 46 (69), 1.
     
    Braddock, J.H., Hua, L. (2006). Determining the college destination of african
    american high school seniors: does college athletic reputation matter?
    The Journal of Negro Education, 75 (3), 532-546.
     
    Cole, D. (2006, August 28). When it’s your turn to pick; five simple steps to help
    References (Chapter 2)
  • 13. Davis, Kimberly,. (2006, April 6). In the penalty box: The push for academic
    Reform leaves some schools lagging. Diverse Issues in Higher Education,
    23, (24).
     
    Evans, A L; Evans A M; Evans, V. (2002, October 1). Historically black colleges
    and universities. Education, 123, (3).
     
    Farrell, C.S. (1995). Drubbings no more: hbcu basketball teams win their way to
    Respect. Black Issues in Higher Education, (3), p. 14.
     
    Hendricks, C. S., Hendricks, D.L, (2005, October 1). The relationship of hope and
    Self-efficacy to health promoting behaviors among student-athletes
    attending historically…; Journal of Multicultural Nursing & Health, 11,
    23.
     
    Kilkenny. S. (2005). Lost wealth; the economic value of black male college
    Athletes. The Network Journal, 13 (1), 32.
    References (cont’d)
  • 14. Koehler. M. (1995). Student athletes and high schools: let’s shift the focus.
    The Clearing House, 68 (2), 158-159.
     
    Matthews, J. F., & Ofobike, I. (2006). Panel discusses exploitation, academic
    Prejudice against student-athletes. Diverse Issues in Higher Education, 23
    (1), pg 1.
     
    Matthews, J.F., & Seymour, A. (2006). Pigskin payday. Diverse Issues in
    Higher Education, 23 (4), 36-39.
     
     
    References (cont’d)
  • 15. Athletic reputation
    Academic reputation
    Practicality of enrolling
    Demographic and social atmosphere
    Influencing factors
  • 16. Why were HBCUs’ created?
    Geographical location.
    Caucasian-Americans deemed them sub-standard.
    Still lag in funding (purposely?)
    Chap 2 Topics
  • 17. Lower scores on ACT/SAT
    Academically ineligible for D-1 schools.
    Open admissions (easier to enroll)
    HBCUs’ always gives student a chance
    Parents attended university (legacy)
    Why choose an HBCU?
  • 18. Low cost of attendance
    Proximity to home
    Can still be seen by scouts
    Experience in attending an HBCU
    Still achieve quality education
    Why choose HBCU (cont’d)
  • 19. Factors depend on individual
    Should be well-informed
    Ultimately, AASA makes choice
    Obtain facts about schools
    Visit schools
    The AASA
  • 20. NEXT SLIDE
    METHODS (CHAPTER 3
  • 21. Methods of evaluating study
    Research Design
  • 22. Population
    African-American student athletes
    Grambling Lab
    Athletic scholarships
    Participants
  • 23. Non-probability (purposive & convenient)
    Non-Random basis (certain group represented)
    Sampling method
  • 24. How survey will be administered
    Acquire an idea of college choice
    Involvement of parents, teachers, AD,coaches
    Factor in high school academics
    Post survey procedures
    Data Collection Procedures
  • 25. How consistent is the research?
    Cronbach alpha will test instrument.
    Measures reliability from one testing.
    Or one administration of questionnaire.
    Reliability
  • 26. Does the research measure what it is suppose to measure.
    Construct validity evidence method.
    Interpretations cannot be concluded.
    Can’t test concepts (attitude)
    Validity
  • 27. Demographic section
    Closed and opened ended questions
    3 closed-ended (YES OR NO FORMAT)
    7open-ended (brief description)
    Instrumentation
  • 28. Cronbach alpha method
    Method will test instrumentation
    Alpha level .05 percent
    Will not test entire research
    Research based on concept(attitude)
    Data Analysis