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Meningitis brain abscess
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Meningitis brain abscess

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Meningitis brain abscess Presentation Transcript

  • 1. INFECTIOUS NEUROLOGICALDISORDERS
  • 2. It includes Meningitis Brain abscess
  • 3. MENINGITISMeningitis is inflammation of the protectivemembranes covering the brain and spinal cord,known collectively as the meninges.
  • 4. CAUSES Inflammation may be because of; Virus Bacteria Other micro organisms Due to injuries Accidents
  • 5. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS Stiff neck as an early sign Leg cannot be properly extended Photophobia Headache Increased intra cranial pressure Seizures Unresponsiveness Comma Memory impairment
  • 6. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Due to etiological factors Infection by virus bacteria Enters to the blood stream Crosses blood brain barrier Increases intra cranial pressure Creates inflamation on meninges
  • 7. NON PHARMACOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT Check vital signs Weight charting Neurological assesment Skull x rays Ct scan MRI Blood routine ABG CSF analysis
  • 8. PHARMACOLOGICAL Penicillin anti biotics Cefriaxone sodium Cefotaxim sodium dexomethasone Mannitol Anticonvulsant
  • 9. NURSING MANAGEMENT Supportive care Check vitals Neurological assesment Weight charting Input out put charting Spo2 monitoring ABG Ventillors if needed Prevent fever Bedsore care Prevent seizures
  • 10. BRAIN ABSCESS
  • 11. DEFINITIONIt is the collection of infectious materials within the tissues of brain
  • 12. CAUSES It is very rare Ear infections Dental sepsis Infection of paranasal sinuses Infections of the brain Intra cranial trauma or surgery Skull fracture
  • 13. CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS Pain Increased intra cranial pressure Headache Vomitting Confusion Drowsiness Unresponsiveness Seizures Speech difficulties Comma
  • 14. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Due to etiological factors Infections Spreading of infection to the brainCollection of infectious materials inside the tissue of brain Increased intra cranial pressure Brain abscess occurs
  • 15. PHARMACOLOGICAL AND NONPHARMACOLOGICAL Diagnostic studies Medical management
  • 16. Summaryconclusion
  • 17. Thank you