Guillain baire syndrome


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Guillain baire syndrome

  1. 1.  Guillain-Barré syndrome is a disorder in which the bodys immune system attacks part of the peripheral nervous system Guillain-Barre syndrome damages parts of nerves. This nerve damage causes tingling, muscle weakness, and paralysis. Guillain-Barre syndrome most often affects the nerves covering (myelin sheath). Such damage is called demyelination, and it causes nerve signals to move more slowly.
  2. 2.  Guillain-Barré is a very rare condition that occures in about one person out of 100,00. The syndrome may occur at any age, but is most common in people of both sexes between ages 30 and 50. This syndrome can occur at any age, but is rare in children under age 2.
  3. 3.  Guillain-Barre syndrome may occur along with viral infections such as: AIDS Herpes simplex a bacterial infection
  4. 4.  Loss of reflexes in the arms and legs Low blood pressure or poor blood pressure control Muscle weakness or loss of muscle function (paralysis) Numbness Sensation changes, including pain and tingling. Tenderness or muscle pain (may be a cramp- like pain) Uncoordinated movement (cannot walk without help)
  5. 5.  Blurred vision and double vision Clumsiness and falling Difficulty moving face muscles Muscle contractions Palpitations (sensation of feeling the heart beat)
  6. 6.  Breathing temporarily stops Cant take a deep breath Difficulty breathing Difficulty swallowing Drooling Fainting
  7. 7.  Complete family history Physical examination Neurological examination Cerebrospinal fluid sample ECG Nerve conduction velocity test Pulmonary function tests Electromyography (EMG) tests the electrical activity in muscles
  8. 8.  Electromyography (EMG) is a technique for evaluating and recording the electrical activity produced by skeletal muscles. EMG is performed using an instrument called an electromyograph, to produce a record called an electromyogram. An electromyograph detects the electrical potential generated by muscle cells when these cells are electrically or neurologically activated.
  9. 9.  There is no cure for Guillain-Barre syndrome. However, many treatments are available to help reduce symptoms, treat complications, and speed up recovery Antibiotics Analgestics Plasmapheresis High-dose immunoglobulin therapy
  10. 10.  Plasmapheresis Plasmapheresis is a blood purification procedure used to treat several autoimmune diseases. It is also known as therapeutic plasma exchange High-dose immunoglobulin therapy a blood product administered intravenously. It contains the pooled, IgG (immunoglobulin (antibody) extracted from the plasma of over one thousand blood donors.
  11. 11.  Breathing difficulty (respiratory failure) Deep vein thrombosis (blood clots that form when someone is inactive or confined to bed) Increased risk of infections Low or unstable blood pressure Paralysis Pneumonia Skin damage (ulcers) Sucking food or fluids into the lungs (aspiration)