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Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
Emission control
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Emission control

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  • 1. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe GENERAL DESCRIPTION GENERAL SPECIFICATION Components Crankcase Emission System Function Remarks HC reduction Variable flow rate type  HC reduction HC reduction Duty control solenoid valve  CO, HC, NOx reduction CO, HC, NOx reduction Heated oxygen sensor feedback type Monolithic type Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) valve Evaporative Emission System  Evaporative emission canister  Purge Control Solenoid Valve (PCSV) Exhaust Emission System  MFI system (air-fuel mixture control device) Three-way catalytic converter SPECIFICATIONS FUEL TANK PRESSURE SENSOR (FTPS)   Type : Piezo - Resistivity type Specification FUEL TANK PRESSURE SENSOR SPECIFICATION Pressure (kPa) -3.75kPa 0kPa +1.25kPa Output Voltage (V) 4.4 ~ 4.6V 1.4 ~ 1.6V 0.4 ~ 0.6V PURGE CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE (PCSV)  Specification PURGE CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE SPECIFICATION Item Specification Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM 12:19:24 Page 1 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 2. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe Coil Resistance (ohms) 2.7 V6 14.0 ~ 18.0ohms [20°C (68°F)] 3.3 V6 19.0 ~ 22.0ohms [20°C (68°F)] CANISTER CLOSE VALVE (CCV)  Specification CANISTER CLOSE VALVE SPECIFICATION Item Specification Coil Resistance (ohms) 19.9 ~ 22.9 ohms [20°C (68°F)] TIGHTENING TORQUE TORQUE SPECIFICATION Item Positive Crankcase Ventilation Valve N.m 8.0 ~ 12.0 kgf.m 0.8 ~ 1.2 lbf.ft 6.0 ~ 8.0 TROUBLESHOOTING TROUBLESHOOTING CHART Symptom Suspect area Vacuum hose disconnected or Engine will not start or damaged hard to start Malfunction of the Purge Control Solenoid Valve Vacuum hose disconnected or damaged Rough idle or engine Malfunction of the PCV valve stalls Malfunction of the evaporative emission canister purge system Excessive oil Positive crankcase ventilation line consumption clogged Remedy Repair or replace Repair or replace Repair or replace Replace Check the system; if there is a problem, check related components parts Check positive crankcase ventilation system COMPONENTS LOCATION [2.7 V6] Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 2 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 3. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe Fig. 1: Identifying Emissions Control System Part Location - (2.7 V6) Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 3 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 4. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 4 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 5. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe Fig. 2: Identifying Emissions Control System Part Location - (2.7 V6) Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. [3.3 V6] Fig. 3: Identifying Emissions Control System Part Location - (3.3 V6) Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 5 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 6. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 6 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 7. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe Fig. 4: Identifying Emissions Control System Part Location - (3.3 V6) Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM [2.7 V6] Fig. 5: Emissions Control System (2.7 V6) - Schematic Diagram Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 7 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 8. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe [3.3 V6] Fig. 6: Emissions Control System (3.3 V6) - Schematic Diagram Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. CRANKCASE EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM COMPONENTS Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 8 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 9. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe [2.7 V6] Fig. 7: Identifying Crankcase Emission Control System Flow Diagram (2.7 V6) Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. [3.3 V6] Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 9 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 10. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe Fig. 8: Identifying Crankcase Emission Control System Flow Diagram (3.3 V6) Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. INSPECTION 1. Disconnect the ventilation hose from the positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) valve. Remove the PCV valve from the rocker cover and reconnect it to the ventilation hose. 2. Run the engine at idle and put a finger on the open end of the PCV valve and make sure that intake Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 10 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 11. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe manifold vacuum can be felt. NOTE: The plunger inside the PCV valve will move back and forth. Fig. 9: Checking PCV Valve Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. POSITIVE CRANKCASE VENTILATION (PCV) VALVE OPERATION Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 11 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 12. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe Fig. 10: Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) Valve - Operation Diagram Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. REMOVAL 1. Disconnect the vacuum hose (A) and remove the PCV valve (B). Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 12 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 13. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe Fig. 11: Identifying Vacuum Hose And PCV Valve Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. INSPECTION 1. Remove the PCV valve. 2. Insert a thin stick (A) into the PCV valve (B) from the threaded side to check that the plunger moves. 3. If the plunger does not move, the PCV valve is clogged. Clean it or replace. Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 13 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 14. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe Fig. 12: Checking PCV Valve Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. INSTALLATION Install the PCV valve and tighten to the specified torque. PCV Valve installation : 7.8 ~ 11.8 N.m (0.8 ~ 1.2 kgf.m, 5.8 ~ 8.7 lbf.ft) EVAPORATIVE AND ORVR EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM DESCRIPTION On-Board Refueling Vapor Recovery (ORVR) system is designed to prevent fuel tank vapor (HC) emissions during refueling at the gas station. This system consists of a fill vent valve, fuel shut-off valve, fuel cut valve (for roll over), two way valve (pressure/vacuum relief), fuel liquid/vapor separator which is installed beside the filler pipe, charcoal canister which is mounted under the rear floor LH side member and protector, tubes and miscellaneous connections. While refueling, ambient air is drawn into the filler pipe so as not to emit fuel vapors in the air. The fuel vapor in the tank is then forced to flow into the canister via the fill vent valve. The fuel liquid/vapor separator isolates liquid fuel and passes the pure vapor to the charcoal canister. While the engine is operating, the trapped vapor in the canister is drawn into the intake manifold and then into the engine combustion chamber. According to this purge process, the charcoal canister is purged and recovers its absorbing capability. COMPONENTS Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 14 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 15. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe Fig. 13: Evaporative And Emission Control System Diagram Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. EVAPORATIVE EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM DESCRIPTION Evaporative Emission Control System prevents fuel vapor stored in fuel tank from vaporizing into the atmosphere. When the fuel evaporates in the fuel tank, the vapor passes through vent hoses or tubes to the canister filled with charcoal and the canister temporarily holds the vapor in the charcoal. If ECM determines to draw the gathered vapor into the combustion chambers during certain operating conditions, it will use vacuum in intake manifold to move it. Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 15 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 16. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe Fig. 14: Evaporative Emission Control System Diagram Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. CANISTER Canister is filled with charcoal and absorbs evaporated vapor in fuel tank. The gathered fuel vapor in canister is drawn into the intake manifold by the ECM when appropriate conditions are set. PURGE CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE (PCSV) Purge Control Solenoid Valve (PCSV) is installed in the passage connecting canister and intake manifold. It is a duty type solenoid valve and is operated by ECM signal. To draw the absorbed vapor into the intake manifold, the ECM will open the PCSV, otherwise the passage remains closed. CANISTER CLOSE VALVE (CCV) The Canister Close Valve (CCV) is located between canister and fuel tank air filter. It closes off the air inlet to the canister for the Evaporative Emissions System leak detection inspection function and also prevents fuel vapors from escaping from the Canister when the vehicle is not operating. FUEL TANK PRESSURE SENSOR (FTPS) Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 16 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 17. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe The Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor (FTPS) is an integral part of the monitoring system. The FTPS, checks Purge Control Solenoid Valve (PCSV) operation and leaks in the Evaporative Emission Control System by monitoring pressure and vacuum level in the fuel tank during PCSV operating cycles. FUEL FILLER CAP A ratchet tightening device on the threaded fuel filler cap reduces the chances of incorrect installation, which would seal the fuel filler. After the gasket on the fuel filler cap and the fill neck flange contact each other, the ratchet produces a loud clicking noise indicating the seal has been set. EVAPORATIVE SYSTEM MONITORING Evaporative Emission Control Monitoring System consists of fuel vapor generation, evacuation, and leakage check step. At first, the OBD-II system checks if vapor generation due to fuel temperature is small enough to start monitoring, and then it evacuates the evaporative system by means of PCSV with ramp in order to maintain a certain vacuum level. The final step is to check if there is vacuum loss by any leakage of the system. VAPOR GENERATION CHECKING During stabilization period, the PCSV and the CCV are closed, and the system pressure is measured as starting pressure (DP_A). After a certain defined period (T1), the system pressure (DP_B) is measured again and the difference from the starting pressure is calculated. If this difference (DP_B - DP_A) is bigger than a threshold, there should be excessive vapor and the monitor is aborted for next checking. On the contrary, if the difference is lower than another negative threshold, PCSV is regarded as malfunction such as clogged at open position. EVACUATION PCSV is opened with a certain ramp for the pressure to reach down to a certain level. If pressure can't be lowered below a threshold, the system is regarded as fuel-cap-opened or having a large leakage. LEAKAGE CHECKING PCSV is closed and the system waits for a period to get stabilized pressure. During checking period (T2), the system measures the beginning and the end of the system pressure (DP_C, DP_D). The diagnosis value is the pressure difference corrected by natural vapor generation (DP_B - DP_A) rate from the vapor generation checking step. EVAPORATIVE SYSTEM MONITORING Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 17 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 18. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe Fig. 15: Evaporative System Monitoring Diagram Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. INSPECTION 1. Disconnect the vacuum hose from the throttle body, and connect a vacuum pump to the vacuum hose. 2. Check the following points when the engine is cold [engine coolant temperature 60°C (140°F) or below] and when it is warm [engine coolant temperature 80°C (176°F) or higher]. WHEN ENGINE IS COLD RESULT REFERENCE Engine operating condition Idling 3,000 rpm Applied vacuum Result 50 kPa (7.3 psi) Vacuum is held WHEN ENGINE IS WARM RESULT REFERENCE Engine operating condition Idling Within 3 minutes after engine start at Applied vacuum 50 kPa (7.3 psi) Vacuum is held Try to apply Result Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 18 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 19. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe 3,000 rpm vacuum Vacuum is released After 3 minutes have passed after engine Vacuum will be held momentarily, after 50 kPa (7.3 psi) start at 3,000 rpm which, it will be released CANISTER REMOVAL 1. Disconnect the canister close valve connector (A). Fig. 16: Identifying Canister Close Valve Connector Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. 2. Disconnect the vacuum tube quick-connectors (B,C,D). 3. Unscrew the mounting bolts (A) and nuts (B) remove the canister assembly. Fig. 17: Identifying Canister Assembly, Mounting Bolts And Nuts Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 19 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 20. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe INSPECTION 1. Look for loose connections, sharp bends or damage to the fuel vapor lines. 2. Look for distortion, cracks or fuel damage. 3. After removing the canister, inspect for cracks, damage or saturated canister. Fig. 18: Inspecting For Cracks, Damage Or Saturated Canister Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. INSTALLATION Installation is in reverse order of removal. Canister Installation Bolts/Nuts : 1.7 ~ 2.6kgf.m (16.7 ~ 25.5N.m, 12.3 ~ 18.8lbf.ft) PURGE CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE (PCSV) INSPECTION NOTE: 1. 2. 3. 4. When disconnecting the vacuum hose, make an identification mark on it so that it can be reconnected to its original position. Disconnect the vacuum hose from the solenoid valve. Detach the harness connector. Connect a vacuum pump to the nipple which is connected to intake manifold. Apply vacuum and check when voltage is applied to the PCSV and when the voltage is discontinued. VOLTAGE SPECIFICATION Battery voltage Normal condition When applied Vacuum is released When discontinued Vacuum is maintained Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 20 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 21. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe 5. Measure the resistance between the terminals of the solenoid valve. PCSV coil resistance(ohms) : 14.0 ~ 18.0ohms at 20°C (68°F) [2.7 V6] 19.0 ~ 22.0ohms at 20°C (68°F) [3.3 V6] FUEL FILLER CAP DESCRIPTION A ratchet tightening device on the threaded fuel filler cap reduces the chances of incorrect installation, which would seal the fuel filler. After the gasket on the fuel filler cap and the filler neck flange contact each other, the ratchet produces a loud clicking noise indicating the seal has been set. Fig. 19: Fuel Tank Under Pressure And Under Vacuum - Flow Chart Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 21 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 22. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe EXHAUST EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM DESCRIPTION Exhaust emissions (CO, HC, NOx) are controlled by a combination of engine modifications and the addition of special control components. Modifications to the combustion chamber, intake manifold, camshaft and ignition system form the basic control system. These items have been integrated into a highly effective system which controls exhaust emissions while maintaining good driveability and fuel economy. AIR/FUEL MIXTURE CONTROL SYSTEM [MULTIPORT FUEL INJECTION (MFI) SYSTEM] The MFI system is a system which uses the signals from the heated oxygen sensor to activate and control the injector installed in the manifold for each cylinder, thus precisely regulating the air/fuel mixture ratio and reducing emissions. This in turn allows the engine to produce exhaust gases of the proper composition to permit the use of a three way catalyst. The three way catalyst is designed to convert the three pollutants (1) hydrocarbons (HC), (2) carbon monoxide (CO), and (3) oxides of nitrogen (NOx) into harmless substances. There are two operating modes in the MFI system. 1. Open Loop air/fuel ratio is controlled by information programmed into the ECM. 2. Closed Loop air/fuel ratio is adjusted by the ECM based on information supplied by the oxygen sensor. CONTINUOUS VARIABLE VALVE TIMING (CVVT) DESCRIPTION Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 22 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 23. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe Fig. 20: Valve Timing (CVVT) - Flow Diagram Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. The CVVT (Continuously Variable Valve Timing) which is installed on the exhaust camshaft controls intake valve open and close timing in order to improve engine performance. The intake valve timing is optimized by CVVT system depending on engine rpm. This CVVT system improves fuel efficiency and reduces NOx emissions at all levels of engine speed, vehicle speed, and engine load by EGR effect because of valve over-lap optimization. The CVVT changes the phase of the intake camshaft via oil pressure. It changes the intake valve timing continuously. Fig. 21: Engine Speed (RPM) Chart Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. OPERATION Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 23 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 24. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe The CVVT system makes continuous intake valve timing changes based on operating conditions. Intake valve timing is optimized to allow the engine to produce maximum power. Cam angle is advanced to obtain the EGR effect and reduce pumping loss. The intake valve is closed quickly to reduce the entry of the air/fuel mixture into the intake port and improve the changing effect. Reduces the cam advance at idle, stabilizes combustion, and reduces engine speed. If a malfunction occurs, the CVVT system control is disabled and the valve timing is fixed at the fully retarded position. Fig. 22: CVVT System And Valve Timing Chart Courtesy of HYUNDAI MOTOR CO. 1. The above figure shows the relative operation structures of the housing vane to the rotor vane. 2. If the CVVT is held a certain control angle, to hold this state, oil is replenished as much as oil leaks from Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 24 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
  • 25. 2007 Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2007 ENGINE PERFORMANCE Emissions Control System - Santa Fe the oil pump. The OCV (Oil-flow Control Valve) spool location at this time is as follows. Oil pump --> Advance oil chamber (Little by little open the inflow side to the advance oil chamber) --> Almost close the drain side Be sure there might be a difference in the position according to the engine running state (rpm, oil temperature, and oil pressure). Microsoft Saturday, September 26, 2009 12:19:19 PM Page 25 © 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

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