DEFINITIONS1. Speaker: The person who speaks2. Diction: Choice of words and phrases in speech or writing3. Imaginary: Usually descriptive or ﬁgurative language4. Allusion: An expression used to bring something to mind withoutmentioning it explicitly, an indirect or passing reference5. Simile: A ﬁgure of speech where you compare one thing with an-other thing of a different kind; used to make a description more em-pathic6. Personiﬁcation: Given human characteristics to a non-humanthing 2
7. Metaphor- A ﬁgure of speech in which a word or phrase is appliedto an object or action to which it is not literally applicable 8. Refrain- A repeated line or number of lines in a poem or song,typically at the end of each verse 9. Symbol- a thing that represents or stands for something else 10. Stanza- a group of lines forming the basic recurring metricalunit in a poem; a verse11. Alliteration-The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the be-ginning of adjacent or closely connected words.12. Onomatopoeia-The formation of a word from a sound associatedwith what is named13. Enjambment- The continuation of a syntactic unit from one line ofverse into the next line without a pause.14. Connotation- An idea or feeling that a word invokes for a personin addition to its literal or primary meaning.15. Denotation: • The action or process of indicating or referring tosomething by means of a word, symbol, etc.16. Euphemism: Mild or indirect word or expression substituted forone considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to somethingunpleasant or embarrassing:17. Tone: A musical or vocal sound with reference to its pitch, qual-ity, and strength:18. Hyperbole: Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to betaken literally.3
A Japanese poem of seventeen syllables, in three linesof ﬁve, seven, and ﬁve, traditionally evoking images ofthe natural world.HAIKU3
7The beautiful sun.Beating down on this small town.Craving summer now.Rockin the skinnies.Fat ass squeeze into these pants.Lay down to zip up.The ball comes over.The winning point of the game.The crowd goes crazyHaiku
I am vibrant and straightforward.I wonder what the day brings.I hear the birds chirping.I see the morning sun rise.I want everything to be perfect for one day.I am vibrant and straightforward.I pretend the world is silent.I feel my self waking up for the day to begin.I touch the sheets as I get out of bed.I worry about what the day may bring.I cry for waking up is just a pain.I am vibrant and straightforward.I understand I must get up.I say to the clock “I hate you”I dream about going back to bed.I try getting ready and succeed.I hope days like this aren’t always to hard to wake up.I am vibrant and straightforward.I AMix
A poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of for-mal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syl-lables per line.dshgkvaSONNET5
12When most I wink, then do mine eyes best see,For all the day they view things unrespected;But when I sleep, in dreams they look on thee,And darkly bright, are bright in dark directed.Then thou, whose shadow shadows doth makebright,How would thy shadows form form happy showTo the clear day with thy much clearer light,When to unseeing eyes thy shade shines so!How would, I say, mine eyes be blessed madeBy looking on thee in the living day,When in dead night thy fair imperfect shadeThrough heavy sleep on sightless eyes doth stay! All days are nights to see till I see thee, And nights bright days when dreams do showthee me.
13NightIn the dark black sky the stars shine brightly.The sun has gone down and it’s time to sleep.Its time to take showers and say prayers.Thank god for your family and your pets.Falling asleep is always the hardest.Turn on your night light and try to relax.Count the sheep that ﬂy over your bed frame.Fall into a deep dream about the moon.You are an astronaut ﬂying in your ship.You land the ship and begin to get out.The view is so gorgeous and astounding.I get into the rocket; Time to go.I just land in my bed as my mom calls.Its time to get up breakfast is ready.
Concrete poetry or shape poetry is poetry in which thetypographical arrangement of words is as important inconveying the intended effect as the conventional ele-ments of the poem, such as meaning of words, rhythm,rhyme and so on.CONCRETE POEM6
An acrostic is a poem or other form of writing in whichthe ﬁrst letter, syllable or word of each line, paragraphor other recurring feature in the text spells out a wordor a message. 2.ACROSTIC POEM7
My Acrostic PoemVery energeticImpossible to be calmBright spiritedReady to partyyyyAmazingly funNot a dull personTruly just a great person
An imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, orgenre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect.PARODY POEM8
21Jolly Nicoley sat on wall,Jolly Nicoley had a great fall;All of her family and all of herfriendsCouldn’t get to her to bend again.Parody Poem
Poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter.FREE VERSE9
23The sun comes outAt the begging of the dayTo make the world brightAnd let the birds singHear their songFree VerseFree Verse
A lyric poem in the form of an address to a particularsubject, often elevated in style or manner and written invaried or irregular meter.ODE10