Semantic web at the Bibliothèque nationale de France: another French revolution. Gildas Illien

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Presentada en la Jornada de Web semántica en archivos, bibliotecas y museos, en la Fundación Ramón Areces, el 10 de abril de 2014.

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Semantic web at the Bibliothèque nationale de France: another French revolution. Gildas Illien

  1. 1. Gildas ILLIEN, Bibliothèque nationale de France Director, Bibliographic and Digital Information Department SEMANTIC WEB AND ARCHIVES, LIBRARIES AND MUSEUMS Fundacion Ramon Areces Madrid, April 10, 2014 Semantic Web at the Bibliothèque nationale de France: another French revolution?
  2. 2. 2 Our goal: We want to free our metadata from the Library and get it INSIDE the Web
  3. 3. We are ready to make many sacrifices to achieve this…
  4. 4. Outline  Why we chose to do it  What we’re doing exactly  What we’ve learnt and what we’ll do
  5. 5. WHY WE CHOSE TO DO IT
  6. 6. BUDGET CUTS: To do more with less requires to do things differently – and not anymore on your own. Demonstrate more value for what you cost: a must. LIBRARIANS : We need to reinvent ourselves. We want to have fun. Data curators indeed? USERS: Library catalogues are not so popular (where they ever?). But where did our users go? - on the Web. Motivations OPPORTUNITIES: The Open Data policy movement The Linked data technologies = opportunities to remind policy makers that libraries exist!
  7. 7. Be more visible  Have search engines (and users!) find our resources even if they don’t know the Library exists Be more consistent  Improve discovery and unity of our resources scattered all over various silos Be less expensive yet more generous  Be part of the new data economy  Link get and get linked to other trustful datasets  Focus on our added value Be more useful Revisit our national bibliographic mission Encourage and demonstrate better reuse of our data What we want from our metadata
  8. 8. WHAT WE’RE DOING EXACTLY
  9. 9. Data.bnf.fr : The project  Agile development method, with Logilab  A small but smart team  Open source code: CubicWeb  Milestones:  2009: conception and kick off  2011 : proof of concept  2012 : 10% of our catalogues  2013 : 20% of our catalogues  2014: 40% of our catalogues  2015: 80% of our catalogues ?
  10. 10. Web pages for people Matching - Clustering Archives and manuscripts Raw data for machines External links : Dbpedia, Wikipedia, Geonames, ISNI VIAF, DNB, Library of Congress… Other resources : bibliographies web archives Virtual exhibitions… Data.bnf.fr: Baseline
  11. 11. It’s OPEN Technically Legally January 2014: BnF officially released all its metadata under a CC-by licence
  12. 12. It’s LINKED  URIs based on ARK identifiers http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb119374933  Resource Description Framework (143 773 998 triples)  Download the page ; content negociation  Dumps on the page http://data.bnf.fr/semanticweb  Now being tested inside the BnF : SPARQLenpoint
  13. 13. DATA MODEL, ALIGNMENTS
  14. 14. DEMO Théophile Gautier : Voyage en Espagne https://www.google.com/search?q=gautier+voyage+en+espa gne&ie=utf-8&oe=utf- 8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:fr:official&client=firefox-a http://www.bing.com/search?q=gautier+voyage+en+espagne &pc=MOZI&form=MOZSBR http://fr.search.yahoo.com/search?p=gautier+voyage+en+es pagne&ei=UTF-8&fr=moz35 Other examples « Jacquemart Gielée » (poète XIIIe s.) « Thomas Cajetan » (théologien XVe s.) « Jacques de Révigny » (juriste XIIIe s.)
  15. 15. People, Places, Dates… Link to the place Madrid : http://data.bnf.fr/lieu/ma drid__espagne_/ Link to the date 1562 : http://data.bnf.fr/date/15 62/ then to the century
  16. 16. Performance: Cleopatra, Theatro Real, 1921 http://data.bnf.fr/41375196/cleopatra_spectacle_1921/
  17. 17. Dowload a page:  Télécharger chaque page  Dowload the full dump: http://data.bnf.fr/semanticweb Easy to reuse?
  18. 18. WHAT WE’VE LEARNT
  19. 19. 0 20.000 40.000 60.000 80.000 100.000 120.000 140.000 Number of unique visitors Facts and figures: so far, it works! 73 % are consulting the catalogues and Gallica (2013) 70 % come from search engines, 10 % from links (2013)
  20. 20. http://www.ifverso.com/fr/content/robur-le-conquerant-14 http://www.rechercheisidore.fr/ http://www.fevis.com They use our data: Examples http://data.abuledu.org Wikimedia France Wikidata
  21. 21. data.bnf.fr Catalogues de la BnF (http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12130221r) Catalogue de bibliothèque publique (http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12130221r) OpenCat Compléments bibliographiques (indexation de la fiction, catégories, genres) Couvertures Documents numérisés (texte, manuscrits, sons, images) Portraits Données locales (cote, disponibilité, indexation) Auteurs, sujets (« autorités ») Informations bibliographiques (groupées par œuvres) Compléments biographiques Conférences en ligne Autres contenus BnF (expositions virtuelles, conférences) Autres contenus web
  22. 22. WHAT WE’LL DO
  23. 23. Scaling up  Coming soon: from 280 000 to 1.3 million authors  Issues with:  Architecture and performance  Design and ergonomy  Service  Staff
  24. 24. Aligning with more people  Reaching out the right communities  In and out libraries  Publishers organizations  Music organizations  Performing Arts  Geodata  …
  25. 25. http://data.bnf.fr/atelier/ Keep exploring: L’Atelier/The Lab
  26. 26. http://data.bnf.fr/atelier/11957478/voltaire_candide/
  27. 27. 27http://data.bnf.fr/atelier/11928669/voltaire/
  28. 28. Using data.bnf.fr As a tool for change  Retro-action to the source catalogues and data (FRBR)?  A metadata QA tool for staff?  A collection management tool?
  29. 29. Merci ! gildas.illien[at]bnf.fr agnes.simon[at]bnf.fr data@bnf.fr
  30. 30. Plan B  Page about the author Averroès  http://data.bnf.fr/12013155/averroes/  Image and biography from Wikipedia  Links to Gallica and to BnF archives and manuscripts : http://data.bnf.fr/en/documents-by-rdt/12013155/70/page1  Links to the page about Cordoba  Links to the year 1126 and the 12th century

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