Legal deposit in
the digital area
Archiving the French web at the
Bibliothèque nationale de France
Clément Oury
Head of Di...
Is it worthwhile to
archive the web?
Is it a national library’s core mission?
How does it fit with national libraries’ oth...
The web is a library
The web is a library
Or: all digital equivalents of library
holdings are available on the web
Online newspapers
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
66 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury -
D...
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
77 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury -
D...
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
88 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury -
D...
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
99
Online literature and net-art
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
1010 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury -...
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
1111 28 février 2013Le dépôt légal de l'Internet - Clémen...
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
1212 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury -...
The web is a library
The web is a
(fragile) library
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
1515 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury -...
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
16
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
1717 20 mars 2013L'"archivage du Web"- Clément Oury - For...
Web documents are
library documents
So national libraries are entitled to
save them
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
19
 1537 : books
 1672 : engravings
 1925 : photograph...
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
20
How to adapt a five centuries
old law to the web?
 De...
The web is not a
library
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
22
Or the web is not only the
world’s largest library
 T...
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
2323 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury -...
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
2424
Is this a publication?
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
25
And this one?
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
26
The web is not a
library
And it is worthwhile to save ...
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
27
Historical / sociological sources
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
2828 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury -...
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
29
Access restrictions
 Access is provided onsite only
...
The web is not a
library
It is impossible to save it all
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
31
Calendar year
Number of
websites
Broad crawls
- each y...
It is a national library
mission
But it is a shared responsibility
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
33
Focused crawls: who selects
websites?
Content curators...
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
34
National cooperation
Cooperation
for the 2012
presiden...
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
35
International cooperation
Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury -
July 9th, 2013
36
New challenges and issues
arising…
 Harvesting new do...
Questions ?
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Legal deposit in the digital area: archiving the French Web at the Bibliothèque nationale de France. Clément Oury

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Presentada en la Jornada Internacional sobre Archivos Web y Depósito Legal Electrónico, en la Biblioteca Nacional de España (BNE), el día 9 de julio de 2013.

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Legal deposit in the digital area: archiving the French Web at the Bibliothèque nationale de France. Clément Oury

  1. 1. Legal deposit in the digital area Archiving the French web at the Bibliothèque nationale de France Clément Oury Head of Digital Legal Deposit Bibliothèque nationale de France
  2. 2. Is it worthwhile to archive the web? Is it a national library’s core mission? How does it fit with national libraries’ other missions and activities? How can they tackle this huge challenge?
  3. 3. The web is a library
  4. 4. The web is a library Or: all digital equivalents of library holdings are available on the web
  5. 5. Online newspapers
  6. 6. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 66 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury - Digital Humanities Luxembourg 6 Scholarly publications
  7. 7. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 77 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury - Digital Humanities Luxembourg 7 Official publications
  8. 8. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 88 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury - Digital Humanities Luxembourg 8 Photographs
  9. 9. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 99 Online literature and net-art
  10. 10. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 1010 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury - Digital Humanities Luxembourg 10 Audiovisual content
  11. 11. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 1111 28 février 2013Le dépôt légal de l'Internet - Clément Oury - Présentation à l'ENSCI 11 Audiovisual content
  12. 12. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 1212 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury - Digital Humanities Luxembourg 12 E-books
  13. 13. The web is a library
  14. 14. The web is a (fragile) library
  15. 15. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 1515 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury - Digital Humanities Luxembourg 15 Online newspapers
  16. 16. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 16
  17. 17. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 1717 20 mars 2013L'"archivage du Web"- Clément Oury - Forum des archivistes, Angers 17
  18. 18. Web documents are library documents So national libraries are entitled to save them
  19. 19. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 19  1537 : books  1672 : engravings  1925 : photographs  1938 : sounds  1975 : videos  1992 : radio, TV, software  2006 : the Internet Legal deposit: 1537-… “Are subject to legal deposit all signs, signals, writings, images, sounds or messages of any kind communicated to the public by electronic means”
  20. 20. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 20 How to adapt a five centuries old law to the web?  Defining borders: the French web  All .fr websites (+.re, .paris, etc.)  All websites on a French-owned TLD  All content produced on French territory  Archive every website at least once a year  No judgment on the website’s “value”  A mission shared with national audiovisual institute (INA) for radio and TV websites
  21. 21. The web is not a library
  22. 22. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 22 Or the web is not only the world’s largest library  The web is big  2,5 millions of .fr websites  The web is fast  Web pages may change every day  The web is not only a publication place  It is a place where people communicate and interact
  23. 23. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 2323 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury - Digital Humanities Luxembourg 23 This is a publication
  24. 24. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 2424 Is this a publication?
  25. 25. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 25 And this one?
  26. 26. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 26 The web is not a library And it is worthwhile to save it
  27. 27. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 27 Historical / sociological sources
  28. 28. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 2828 21 mars 2012Web archives as sources - Clément Oury - Digital Humanities Luxembourg 28 Saving memories of individuals
  29. 29. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 29 Access restrictions  Access is provided onsite only  on all computers in all BnF research reading rooms  Access is restricted to “researchers” onsite  Not only scholars, but all citizens that have a demonstrated need to access web archives  No preservation issues anymore but to enforce  Intellectual property rights  Personal data protection  Access will be opened in main regional libraries
  30. 30. The web is not a library It is impossible to save it all
  31. 31. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 31 Calendar year Number of websites Broad crawls - each year - 2,5 millions .fr domains Ongoing crawls: - running on the whole year - news or reference websites Project crawls : - one shots - related to an event or a theme BnF “mixed model” of harvesting
  32. 32. It is a national library mission But it is a shared responsibility
  33. 33. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 33 Focused crawls: who selects websites? Content curators Within BnF : 12 collection and legal deposit departments 12 « coordinators » 70 recommending officers Regional libraries 20 libraries associated for 2012 electoral crawl University libraries and laboratories Associations and individuals
  34. 34. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 34 National cooperation Cooperation for the 2012 presidential and parliamentary elections
  35. 35. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 35 International cooperation
  36. 36. Digital legal deposit at the BnF - Clément Oury - July 9th, 2013 36 New challenges and issues arising…  Harvesting new documents: e-books, applications  Combine web crawls and direct deposit  Build collections at an international level  World War I  European Elections in 2014  Better indexing and better promotion of web archives  Especially towards researchers communities
  37. 37. Questions ?
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