Wegscheider Cruse Theory


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  • This allows the addiction to progress further
  • Requiring psychotherapy
  • Object of protection
  • Wegscheider Cruse Theory

    1. 1. Wegscheider-Cruse Theory<br />By: Brandi Warner<br />
    2. 2. Sharon Wegscheider-Cruse<br />
    3. 3. Sharon Wegscheider-Cruse<br />Family Therapist<br />Nationally known consultant, educator, and author<br />Founding chairperson of the National Association for Children of Alcoholics (NACOA)<br />Chairs countless conferences and conventions and provides keynote presentations<br />
    4. 4. Family<br />
    5. 5. Typical Roles<br />* Substance Abuser<br />* Chief Enabler<br />* Family Hero<br />* Family Scapegoat<br />* Lost Child<br />* Family Mascot<br />
    6. 6. Substance Abuser<br />
    7. 7. Substance Abuser<br />Role: <br /> To act irresponsibly<br />Purpose:<br /> To suppress more basic marital conflict<br /> To divert attention away from more threatening family issues<br />
    8. 8. Substance Abuser<br /><ul><li>Emotional detachment
    9. 9. Abandonment of the parental power
    10. 10. Central activity becomes the drug use
    11. 11. Family life diminishes in importance</li></li></ul><li>Chief Enabler<br />
    12. 12. Chief Enabler<br />Role:<br /> To reduce the tension in the family by “smoothing things over”<br />Purpose:<br />Offers the family a sense of stability and protection<br />
    13. 13. Chief Enabler<br />Often unaware that the enabling behavior is contributing to the progression of the addiction<br />Believe that they are simply being helpful and acting to hold their families together<br />
    14. 14. Family Hero<br />
    15. 15. Family Hero<br />Role:<br /> Source of pride for the family<br />Purpose:<br /> Offers the family a sense of being okay; <br />To give them hope and something to feel good about<br />
    16. 16. Family Hero <br />Usually the oldest child<br />Attempts to do everything right<br />Helps care for younger siblings and complete household chores<br />Frequently do well in academic and athletic pursuits<br />
    17. 17. Family Hero<br />Many later become “workaholics”<br />May be susceptible to stress-related illnesses later in adulthood<br />Ex.-stomach ulcers, coronary heart disease<br />May be more prone to “Type A” Behavior as an adult<br />Competitiveness, hostility, time urgency, etc.<br />
    18. 18. Family Scapegoat<br />
    19. 19. Family Scapegoat<br />Role:<br />Alter ego of the family hero<br />Purpose:<br />Offers the family a sense of purpose by providing someone to blame<br />
    20. 20. Family Scapegoat<br />Usually the second oldest child<br />Expresses the family’s anger and frustration<br />Male: may be violent<br />Female: may runaway or engage in promiscuous sexual activity<br />BOTH: most likely to abuse drugs also<br />
    21. 21. Family Scapegoat<br />This role allows the chemically dependent parent to blame someone else for his or her own drinking/drugging<br />Shields the chemically dependent parent from some of the blame and resentment that would have been directed towards him/her.<br />
    22. 22. Lost Child<br />
    23. 23. Lost Child<br />Role:<br />Seeks to avoid conflict at all costs<br />Purpose:<br />Offers the family a sense of relief and success, and is not a trouble to the family<br />
    24. 24. Lost Child<br />May be a middle child; or maybe the youngest<br />Very shy and withdrawn<br />They tend to be followers, not leaders<br />Often think that the family wouldn’t notice if they left<br />
    25. 25. Lost Child<br />Difficulty with developmental transitions as they fear taking risks<br />May put off making decisions about careers or housing <br />Trouble with intimate relationships<br />As adults they may exhibit a myriad of mental health problems<br />Anxiety<br />Depression<br />
    26. 26. Family Mascot<br />
    27. 27. Family Mascot<br />Role:<br />To play the “family clown”<br />Purpose:<br />To bring laughter and fun into the home<br />
    28. 28. Family Mascot<br />Often is the youngest child in the family<br />Develop a dire need for approval from others<br />Viewed as the most fragile and vulnerable<br />Behaviors are an act of defense against feelings of anxiety and inadequacy<br />
    29. 29. Family Mascot<br />As adults they tend to be very likeable but often appear anxious<br />May self-medicate with alcohol and/or tranquilizers<br />May be the one family member that nobody complains about<br />