b2s.aacc.edu       Open Educational Resources (OER):         The Landscape of the FutureCitation: Muramatsu, B., McAndrew,...
Today’s Webinar• Introductions   • Patrick McAndrew, The Open University (United Kingdom)   • Brandon Muramatsu, Massachus...
Meet the Presenters Patrick           Jean     BrandonMcAndrew          Runyon   MuramatsuOpen University    AACC       MIT
The Open Universitywww.open.ac.uk                      Understanding openness
The Open University • 253,075 students • 23% outside UK • 52% undergrads below standard UK HE entry level • 12,758 with de...
Institute of EducationalTechnologyiet.open.ac.uk
MIT Office of Educational Innovation and Technology                                     OEIT Areas                        ...
MIT OpenCourseWare                     ocw.mit.edu
Anne Arundel Community College                         www.aacc.edu
Comprehensive Community College
…and our participants!
The OER LandscapeOpen Educational Resources
A parable … Stone Soup             http://www.youtube.com/watch?            v=xF8VgHb_HkI#t=2m53s (2:53 – 5:04)
OER: l’innovation du jour?• What are Open Educational Resources (OER)?  • We’re going to talk about OER writ large.  • We’...
OER: l’innovation du jour?• We’d like you to think about OER as starting a conversation  • A conversation about teaching, ...
Do you (or your faculty)…• Talk about courses with peers?• Borrow course materials, teaching techniques, sources?• What ab...
OER is all of these things!• At it’s heart, OER is about doing these sorts of things!• And, it’s about encouraging sharing...
When borrowing resources…• Do you look at the license or terms of use?  • Huh? What are those?• Do you provide attribution...
What are you allowed to do? What might you allow others?• Instead of “All Rights Reserved”  • Can someone else use the mat...
Creative Commons Licenses               creativecommons.org  • A “standard” way providing permissions to your work  • The ...
Have you used Flickr?• Did you know that Flickr allows photo sharers to indicate a license?• And that you can search for C...
Searching for Openly Licensed Photos at Flickr
Flickr Search Results
CC-Licensed Math Photo
Do you use course materials developed by others?• How do you find out about them?   • Talking to peers in your department?...
Resources for Community Colleges• Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources   • www.oerconsortium.org• O...
Open Course Library• 81 Open Courses  • 42 publicly (as of Monday!)  • Master course -> copy for the open course  • Facult...
Saylor Foundation• Open online “courses”   • Materials drawn from existing OERs, OCWs, Open Textbooks   • Wide! range of c...
Kaleidoscope Project (NGLC)• Introductory Courses   • Biology, writing, psychology, etc.   • Use the best existing OERs   ...
OpenLearn
OpenLearn               Enhance OU reputation               Extending reach               Widening participation       ...
SCORE
Open Learning: Bridge to SuccessBridge to Success is made possible through a Next Generation Learning Challenge grantaward...
American Graduation Initiative       By 2020, this nation will once again have       the highest proportion of college gra...
College Readiness“Among more than 250,000 students who required themost mathematics remediation, only 16% completedthose r...
Student Success 2020                       More                       Successful                       Students
Bridge 2 Success
B2S Courses• Learning to Learn• Succeed with Math  • Math and You  • Getting down to the Basics  • Relationships among Num...
Bridge to Successb2s.aacc.edu
Summary• OER as a conversation: Sharing, materials, practice• OER as a continuum    Individual         Standalone    Cours...
Contacts• Patrick McAndrew  p.mcandrew@open.ac.uk• Brandon Muramatsu  mura@mit.edu• Jean Runyon  jmrunyon@aacc.edu
Open Educational Resources (OER): The Landscape of the Future
Open Educational Resources (OER): The Landscape of the Future
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Open Educational Resources (OER): The Landscape of the Future

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The phrase “open educational resource” was coined at a UNESCO forum in 2002, and OERs are “educational resources (e.g., textbooks, instructional modules, simulations, multimedia applications) that are freely available for use, reuse, adaptation, and sharing.” Such materials are generally released under a Creative Commons that supports open or nearly open use of the content. OER expand access to high quality instructional resources in formal and informal learning situations to more students and they have the potential to drive innovation to support effective teaching. OER can be endorsed, adopted, and improved by educators, resulting in instructional materials and resources that embody what the educational community sees as most valuable. Furthermore, learners can take advantage of access OER to direct their own learning.

This session will include an introduction and review of the OER movement, highlights of OER initiatives (such as MIT’s OpenCourseWare project and the Open University’s Open Learn), a summary of the elements of Creative Commons licenses, a review of open educational resources for use in discipline-specific courses, and strategies for evaluating, adopting and/or developing OERs for use in traditional and online courses. In addition, the session will include an overview of the Bridge to Success project, deliverables and impact.

Presented by Brandon Muramatsu, Jean Runyon and Patrick McAndrew to the Maryland Distance Learning Association in a webinar on November 2, 2011.

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  • Citation: Muramatsu, B., McAndrew, P., Runyon, J. (2011). Open Educational Resources (OER):  The Landscape of the Future.Presented at MDLA Webinar: November 2, 2011.Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
  • The Open University was established just over 40 years ago – though someone recently said that was a great name for a start up.Open to people, places, methods and idea.Open entry.Now openness means so much more.
  • Operation as a UniversityLarge by European standards in terms of people.Best satisfaction results of any University since they established National Student Survey
  • I work in IET – research and support OU. Courses, labs
  • Faculty?Instructional technologists? Librarians? Students? Others?Have you heard of OER / Open Educational Resources before?
  • Stone soup. OER like it but in two ways!
  • Quick Poll with the questions
  • Did you know that Flickr allows photo sharers to indicate a license?And that you can search for Creative Commons licensed
  • 81 Open Courses42 publicly available in OctoberMaster course -> copy for the open courseFaculty supported by teams of instructional designers, librarians
  • Open online “courses”Materials drawn from existing OERs, OCWs, Open TextbooksWide! range of courses(Will include Open Course Library courses)$20K bounty on Open Textbooks that meet the needs for their courses
  • Introductory CoursesBiology, writing, psychology, etc.Use the best existing OERsAdding embedded assessments for learning/teachingCross-institutional teamsNot *that* Project Kaleidoscope: Community of STEM reformers, they do cool stuff also! www.pkal.org
  • Openness means moreOpenLean – launched 2006. Great support from Hewlett Foundation. Different for Open U to others – we did make money from materials. So a big experiment. My own role to look after Research and Evaluation.
  • Across organization, learners and educators. Highlight some of the organizational findings. Going open was not designed to meet all these aims but did: help.Highlight technologies, collaboration.
  • Openness is part of our operation now. Justified in own rights. Big presence on iTunesU. Helping rest of the UK get involved.
  • Inspired by the goals set forth by President Obama in the American Graduation Initiative and compelled by the existing and future needs of our country for skilled workers in today’s knowledge-based society and economy, Anne Arundel Community College responded with Student Success 2020.
  • Learning to Learn is a short course for individuals who are thinking about starting or returning to college. The course is designed to build confidence and to provide the tools and skills necessary to be successful in an academic setting and in the workplace. The course encourages a consideration of possible choices and the value of making plans for the future. In addition, it will increase awareness of an adult’s current qualities, knowledge and skills. Adults will be introduced to the cycle of learning and will develop a personal action plan. The course activities will help adults develop the essential college and life skills of communication, problem solving and self-management. Succeed with Math provides a review of key concepts and to apply these concepts to real world applications. Math and You is designed to build math confidence, to develop problem-solving strategies and skills, and to explore the many ways math impacts an adult’s daily life. Getting down to the Basics provides content and activities to address these key areas: decimals, rounding, estimating, units and measurements, signed numbers, basic operations (with signed numbers), reading and writing mathematics, and using knowledge in real world scenarios. Relationships among Numbersprovides content and activities to address these key areas: how numbers are used in daily life, fractions, percentages, ratios, connections between fractions, percentages, and ratios.
  • Citation: Muramatsu, B., McAndrew, P., Runyon, J. (2011). Open Educational Resources (OER):  The Landscape of the Future.Presented at MDLA Webinar: November 2, 2011.Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
  • Open Educational Resources (OER): The Landscape of the Future

    1. 1. b2s.aacc.edu Open Educational Resources (OER): The Landscape of the FutureCitation: Muramatsu, B., McAndrew, P., Runyon, J. (2011). Open Educational Resources (OER): The Landscape of the Future. Presented at MDLA Webinar: November 2, 2011. Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
    2. 2. Today’s Webinar• Introductions • Patrick McAndrew, The Open University (United Kingdom) • Brandon Muramatsu, Massachusetts Institute of Technology • Jean Runyon, Anne Arundel Community College • …and our participants!• Overview of the OER landscape• Next Gen Learning Challenges grant, "Bridge to Success (B2S)"
    3. 3. Meet the Presenters Patrick Jean BrandonMcAndrew Runyon MuramatsuOpen University AACC MIT
    4. 4. The Open Universitywww.open.ac.uk Understanding openness
    5. 5. The Open University • 253,075 students • 23% outside UK • 52% undergrads below standard UK HE entry level • 12,758 with declared disabilities • 5,119 direct staff 1286 academic • 7,743 associate lecturers • 7,512 students on most popular course (Intro to Social Sciences)
    6. 6. Institute of EducationalTechnologyiet.open.ac.uk
    7. 7. MIT Office of Educational Innovation and Technology OEIT Areas • Linking Research and Curriculum • Linking Content and Curriculum • Spaces • Outreach oeit.mit.edu
    8. 8. MIT OpenCourseWare ocw.mit.edu
    9. 9. Anne Arundel Community College www.aacc.edu
    10. 10. Comprehensive Community College
    11. 11. …and our participants!
    12. 12. The OER LandscapeOpen Educational Resources
    13. 13. A parable … Stone Soup http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=xF8VgHb_HkI#t=2m53s (2:53 – 5:04)
    14. 14. OER: l’innovation du jour?• What are Open Educational Resources (OER)? • We’re going to talk about OER writ large. • We’re not going to bore you with definitions! (Well, we’ll try!) • We’re not going to get all religious about OERs!
    15. 15. OER: l’innovation du jour?• We’d like you to think about OER as starting a conversation • A conversation about teaching, crafting courses, & sharing course materials • A conversation about collaborating with peers, and even students• And, you’re probably already using Open Educational Resources! • We’ll find out in a bit…
    16. 16. Do you (or your faculty)…• Talk about courses with peers?• Borrow course materials, teaching techniques, sources?• What about, sharing materials?
    17. 17. OER is all of these things!• At it’s heart, OER is about doing these sorts of things!• And, it’s about encouraging sharing of materials and practices…• And, it’s clearly communicating what others are allowed to do with the materials…
    18. 18. When borrowing resources…• Do you look at the license or terms of use? • Huh? What are those?• Do you provide attribution for those resources? • Attribution is a key aspect of research, it should be for teaching as well!• Why or why not? • <discussion>
    19. 19. What are you allowed to do? What might you allow others?• Instead of “All Rights Reserved” • Can someone else use the materials? • Can someone build upon or modify the materials? • Can they use those materials commercially? • Do they have to share any materials they develop the same way the materials were originally shared? • Can you clearly communicate these intents?• Do these sound familiar?
    20. 20. Creative Commons Licenses creativecommons.org • A “standard” way providing permissions to your work • The easiest way of communicating your resource is “open”
    21. 21. Have you used Flickr?• Did you know that Flickr allows photo sharers to indicate a license?• And that you can search for Creative Commons licensed photos?
    22. 22. Searching for Openly Licensed Photos at Flickr
    23. 23. Flickr Search Results
    24. 24. CC-Licensed Math Photo
    25. 25. Do you use course materials developed by others?• How do you find out about them? • Talking to peers in your department? • Through MDLA? Other professional societies? • Looking through digital repositories? • Google searches?• What what make them easier to use?• How do you incorporate them into your classes? Does “Open” make it easier? • <discussion>
    26. 26. Resources for Community Colleges• Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources • www.oerconsortium.org• Open Course Library • www.opencourselibrary.org• Saylor Foundation • www.saylor.org• Kaleidoscope Project • www.project-kaleidoscope.org• OpenLearn • openlearn.open.ac.uk
    27. 27. Open Course Library• 81 Open Courses • 42 publicly (as of Monday!) • Master course -> copy for the open course • Faculty supported by teams of instructional designers, librarians• www.opencourselibrary.org
    28. 28. Saylor Foundation• Open online “courses” • Materials drawn from existing OERs, OCWs, Open Textbooks • Wide! range of courses • (Will include Open Course Library courses)• $20K bounty on Open Textbooks that meet the needs for their courses• www.saylor.org
    29. 29. Kaleidoscope Project (NGLC)• Introductory Courses • Biology, writing, psychology, etc. • Use the best existing OERs • Adding embedded assessments for learning/teaching • Cross-institutional teams• www.project-kaleidoscope.org Not *that* Project Kaleidoscope: Community of STEM reformers, they do cool stuff also! www.pkal.org
    30. 30. OpenLearn
    31. 31. OpenLearn  Enhance OU reputation  Extending reach  Widening participation  Experiment with courses  Accelerate technologies  Catalyst for collaboration  Research base  Recruitment of students http://oro.open.ac.uk/17513/
    32. 32. SCORE
    33. 33. Open Learning: Bridge to SuccessBridge to Success is made possible through a Next Generation Learning Challenge grantawarded to Anne Arundel Community College, the Open University (UK), University ofMaryland University College (UMUC) and Massachusetts Institution of Technology (MIT).NGLC is led by EDUCAUSE in partnership with The League for Innovation in the CommunityCollege, the International Association of K-12 Online Learning and the Council of ChiefState School Officers. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the William and FloraHewlett Foundation helped design the Next Generation Learning Challenges and fund the
    34. 34. American Graduation Initiative By 2020, this nation will once again have the highest proportion of college graduates in the world.”… “…We seek to help an additional 5 million Americans earn degrees and certificates in the next decade…” President Barack Obama American Graduation Initiative July 14, 2009
    35. 35. College Readiness“Among more than 250,000 students who required themost mathematics remediation, only 16% completedthose requirements in 3 years” —Achieving the Dream www.achievingthedream.org/NEWSROOM/clips_archive.tp 1 in 8 http://www.flickr.com/photos/o5com/4951006091
    36. 36. Student Success 2020 More Successful Students
    37. 37. Bridge 2 Success
    38. 38. B2S Courses• Learning to Learn• Succeed with Math • Math and You • Getting down to the Basics • Relationships among Numbers
    39. 39. Bridge to Successb2s.aacc.edu
    40. 40. Summary• OER as a conversation: Sharing, materials, practice• OER as a continuum Individual Standalone Course Bits / Whole Courses Images Modules Open Textbooks Flickr Open Course Library OpenLearn Saylor B2S Courses• Bridge to Success: Learning to Learn & Succeed with Math
    41. 41. Contacts• Patrick McAndrew p.mcandrew@open.ac.uk• Brandon Muramatsu mura@mit.edu• Jean Runyon jmrunyon@aacc.edu

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