Rapid Rural Assessment in the Philippines


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RRA and PRA methods within the context of Christian community development in the Philippines

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Rapid Rural Assessment in the Philippines

  1. 1. RRA/PRA Presented by Bob Munson BUKAL Life Care & Counseling Center
  2. 2. RRA/PRA  RRAs and PRAs are two types of research that fit loosely into category of Ethnographic Research.  They are used by people involved with Community Development.
  3. 3. RRA  “RRA” stands for “Rapid Rural Assessment”.  NOTE: RRAs do not have to be “rural”. RRAs developed out of rural development work.  One can use the term RUA (rapid urban assessment) or RA (rapid assessment) if one prefers.
  4. 4. PRA  “PRA” stands for “Participatory Rapid Assessment”.  The basic plan and goals are the same as an RRA.  The difference is that there is conscious and intentional planning to develop the assessment in partnership with leadership within the community.
  5. 5. RRAs work very well in the Philippines  The barangay system sets up political boundaries that help define communities.  The same system also helps ensure that data is available for quick access within the community.  The system makes it very clear who are good gatekeepers and (at least) potential good informants.
  6. 6. Entry Point  Barangay Captain  Or through another person who can recommend you to the barangay captain.  Church or civic leader (not generally the best option)
  7. 7. HONESTY IS THE BEST POLICY!!  If you have hopes to help the community, tell them this, and how.  If you can’t help them… don’t pretend that you can.  You (in this class) have it easy. You are students asked to do research for a class. Most barangay leaders will respect this and be of help.
  8. 8. Remember, the Barangay Captain may be the Gatekeeper, but he/she may not be the best informant.  Some captains may be too busy to be very helpful.  Some are not articulate  Some are not informed  Some are too political <But they are still useful to open doors to better informants.>
  9. 9. 1. Socioeconomic Profile Borrow from barangay if possible, copy it if possible. Otherwise, take good notes -Should be updated every 7 years -Map of barangay -Demographic (ages, religions, population, organizations) -Economic Info -Health issues
  10. 10. 2. Semistructured interviews  Barangay Captain  Barangay Health Worker  Kagawads  Civic/Religious leaders <Have questions already in mind… but be open to change direction.>
  11. 11. 3. Unstructured and Informal Interviews  Talk to people “on the street”, storekeepers, daycare worker, etc.  Do not have to have a clear plan… however, it is good to get a sense of the attitude, fears, hopes, and felt needs of the community.
  12. 12. 4. Walk-thru  Maps are great, but a walk-thru of the community is vital.  Look for capacity (ability for community to help itself).  Look for problem areas (centers of vice, for example).  Look for health concerns.  Be friendly, honest, and talkative (but listen more than talk).
  13. 13. 5. Look at secondary sources  Can go to Department of Health or other offices at municipal/provincial centers for additional info on the community.  Consider internet resources and other repositories of information that are external to the community.
  14. 14. Focus  Felt Needs (what they, right or wrong, believe they need)  Real Needs (don’t be too quick to label which things are felt and which things are real).  Capacity. What internal qualities does the community have to help itself.  Threats. What are problems or dangers that community faces (or perceives)
  15. 15. RRA Report Put the collected data into a consolidated form: 1. Introduction 2. Summary of different sections (demographics, topography, religion, vices, felt needs, atbp) Use qualitative and quantitative information. 3. Conclusions and Recommendations
  16. 16. PRA A PRA gives essentially the same output. However, a taskforce would be formed between the outside organization and the community to do research. The results are often better, but it takes a much higher commitment by the community to partner in this sort of assessment. Report would be jointly published.