Presented by Bob Munson
BUKAL Life Care & Counseling
RRAs and PRAs are two types of research
that fit loosely into category of
They are used by people involved with
“RRA” stands for “Rapid Rural
NOTE: RRAs do not have to be “rural”.
RRAs developed out of rural development
One can use the term RUA (rapid urban
assessment) or RA (rapid assessment) if
“PRA” stands for “Participatory Rapid
The basic plan and goals are the same as
The difference is that there is conscious
and intentional planning to develop the
assessment in partnership with leadership
within the community.
RRAs work very well in the
The barangay system sets up political
boundaries that help define communities.
The same system also helps ensure that
data is available for quick access within
The system makes it very clear who are
good gatekeepers and (at least) potential
Or through another person who can
recommend you to the barangay captain.
Church or civic leader (not generally the
HONESTY IS THE BEST
If you have hopes to help the community,
tell them this, and how.
If you can’t help them… don’t pretend that
You (in this class) have it easy. You are
students asked to do research for a class.
Most barangay leaders will respect this
and be of help.
Remember, the Barangay Captain
may be the Gatekeeper, but he/she
may not be the best informant.
Some captains may be too busy to be very
Some are not articulate
Some are not informed
Some are too political
<But they are still useful to open doors to
1. Socioeconomic Profile
Borrow from barangay if possible, copy it if
possible. Otherwise, take good notes
-Should be updated every 7 years
-Map of barangay
-Demographic (ages, religions,
2. Semistructured interviews
Barangay Health Worker
<Have questions already in mind… but be
open to change direction.>
3. Unstructured and Informal
Talk to people “on the street”,
storekeepers, daycare worker, etc.
Do not have to have a clear plan…
however, it is good to get a sense of the
attitude, fears, hopes, and felt needs of
Maps are great, but a walk-thru of the
community is vital.
Look for capacity (ability for community to
Look for problem areas (centers of vice,
Look for health concerns.
Be friendly, honest, and talkative (but
listen more than talk).
5. Look at secondary sources
Can go to Department of Health or other
offices at municipal/provincial centers for
additional info on the community.
Consider internet resources and other
repositories of information that are
external to the community.
Felt Needs (what they, right or wrong,
believe they need)
Real Needs (don’t be too quick to label
which things are felt and which things are
Capacity. What internal qualities does the
community have to help itself.
Threats. What are problems or dangers
that community faces (or perceives)
Put the collected data into a consolidated form:
2. Summary of different sections
(demographics, topography, religion,
vices, felt needs, atbp) Use qualitative
and quantitative information.
3. Conclusions and Recommendations
A PRA gives essentially the same output.
However, a taskforce would be formed
between the outside organization and the
community to do research.
The results are often better, but it takes a
much higher commitment by the
community to partner in this sort of
Report would be jointly published.