C.W. Results


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Power point talks about results and statistics of the Civil War. Also, discusses outcomes and events. -- 8th grade SS

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C.W. Results

  1. 1. Civil War Results, Costs, Effects
  2. 2. C.W. <ul><li>North triumphed </li></ul><ul><li>Union saved </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves freed </li></ul><ul><li>Secession issue resolved once and for all </li></ul><ul><li>Both sides paid a heavy price however </li></ul>
  3. 3. C.W. <ul><li>Deadliest war in American history </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. 620,000 died </li></ul><ul><li>360,000 Union, 260,000 Confederacy </li></ul><ul><li>Another 275,000 Union and 260,000 were wounded; many suffering the rest of their lives </li></ul><ul><li>Altogether over 3,000,000 men served in the two armies; which was 10% of the population </li></ul>
  4. 4. C.W. <ul><li>Nation suffered economically as well </li></ul><ul><li>Together the North and South spent more than 5 times the amount spent by the government the previous 8 decades </li></ul><ul><li>The income tax surfaced for the 1 st time in history </li></ul>
  5. 5. C.W. <ul><li>Federal loans and taxes to finance the war totaled $2.6 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Federal debt on June 30, 1865 was $2.7 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Confederate debt ran over $700 million </li></ul><ul><li>Union inflation reached 182% in 1864 and 179% in 1865 </li></ul><ul><li>Confederate inflation rose to 9,000% by the end of the war </li></ul>
  6. 6. C.W. <ul><li>The Civil War also brought vast changes to the nation's financial system.  Before the Civil War, the federal government did not issue paper money.  Instead, paper notes were issued by more than 1,500 state banks in 1860, which issued more than 10,000 different kinds of currency. </li></ul>
  7. 7. C.W. <ul><li>May 20, 1862 – Federal Homestead Law signed </li></ul><ul><li>Congress hoping to appeal to northern voters, passed the Homestead Act. This permitted citizens over 21 to own a free plot of 160 acres on land in the public domain—if they would occupy and improve it for 5 years </li></ul>
  8. 8. C.W. <ul><li>Many in Congress opposed it at first, because they thought it would drain men and money from their regions and some feared a movement of anti-slavery Northerners into the West </li></ul>
  9. 9. C.W. <ul><li>Jan. 1, 1863 Lincoln issued Emancipation Proclamation </li></ul><ul><li>Supposed to free all slaves in Confederate Territory </li></ul><ul><li>Tremendous impact on public, but freed very few slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the slaves he intended to free lived in territories to far away for Union troops to enforce </li></ul>
  10. 10. C.W. <ul><li>Lincoln only freed slaves in the South because of the Constitution. This was viewed as a military move and as Commander-in-Chief he could do so. The Constitution would not allow the President to free slaves in the Union. However, Lincoln did request Congress to abolish slavery gradually. This act, despite freeing few slaves, became a symbol for the North. They no longer were just out to preserve the Union. Also, freeing slaves weakened the Confederacy </li></ul>
  11. 11. C.W. <ul><li>Response to Proclamation </li></ul><ul><li>Abolitionist loved it. Many were angered because they felt Lincoln had not freed all enslaved persons, including those in border states. </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Democrats claimed the proclamation would only make the war last longer because he angered the South. </li></ul><ul><li>Union soldiers happy because it weakened the South </li></ul><ul><li>South angered because the result was many slaves running away and depriving the South of labor and adding to Union Soldiers </li></ul>
  12. 12. C.W. <ul><li>Nov. 19, 1863 – Lincoln delivers Gettysburg Address </li></ul><ul><li>After the Battle of Gettysburg the U.S. government set aside 17 acres of the battlefield as a soldiers’ cemetery </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address at the dedication ceremony. Lincoln had to wait more than 2 hours for featured speaker Edward Everett to deliver his speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Speech only lasted 2 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln asked for increased dedication and a new birth of freedom </li></ul>
  13. 13. C.W. <ul><li>January 1865, Lincoln again urged Congress to end slavery </li></ul><ul><li>By years end the 13 th Amendment passed </li></ul><ul><li>27 states; including 8 in the South, ratified it </li></ul><ul><li>From that point on slavery was banned in the U.S. </li></ul>
  14. 14. C.W. <ul><li>As a result, the national government was forced to grow and gain more power </li></ul><ul><li>New paper currency </li></ul><ul><li>New federal banking system </li></ul><ul><li>Funded RR </li></ul><ul><li>Gave Western land to settlers </li></ul><ul><li>Provided for state colleges </li></ul>
  15. 15. C.W. <ul><li>War also changed North’s economy </li></ul><ul><li>New industries such as steel, petroleum, food processing, manufacturing growing rapidly </li></ul><ul><li>War brought disaster to South’s economy </li></ul><ul><li>Farms and plantations destroyed, 40% of livestock killed, 50% of farm machinery destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>Factories demolished, RR tracks torn up </li></ul><ul><li>South’s labor force gone; which was what? </li></ul>
  16. 16. C.W. <ul><li>Before the war the South accounted for 30% of the nations’ wealth and after only 12% </li></ul><ul><li>These economic differences between the North and South lasted for decades </li></ul>
  17. 17. C.W. <ul><li>One of the biggest results of the war came just 5 days after Lee’s surrender </li></ul><ul><li>President Lincoln’s assassination </li></ul><ul><li>Shot and killed while attending a play at Ford’s Theater in the Capital </li></ul><ul><li>He was carried across the street to a house with the bullet still lodged in his head. </li></ul><ul><li>Shot at about 10:20 p.m. on April 14, 1865 died the next morning April 15, 1865 at 7:22 a.m. </li></ul>
  18. 18. C.W. <ul><li>Shot by John Wilkes Booth in the back of the head </li></ul><ul><li>Booth jumped over the railing and landed on stage afterwards. He broke his leg in the jump but managed to escape </li></ul><ul><li>He was captured and shot on April 26, 1865 at the Garret Farm in Virginia along with a fellow conspirator David Herold </li></ul>
  19. 19. C.W. <ul><li>Difficult challenges lay ahead for the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>The issues of reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>How to bring the South back into the Union </li></ul><ul><li>What to do with the 4 million former slaves </li></ul><ul><li>How to incorporate them into daily life </li></ul>