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Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
Chapter 15 2 Pp
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Chapter 15 2 Pp

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chapter 15 section 2 power point -- 8th grade SS

chapter 15 section 2 power point -- 8th grade SS

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  • 1. Chapter 15.2 pgs. 350-354 How did the antislavery movement develop?
  • 2. Early Efforts Against Slavery
    • Few colonists opposed slavery but the real movement didn’t start until after the Revolutionary War.
    • By the 1790’s there were several antislavery societies
    • An Abolitionist is what?
  • 3. Early Efforts
    • Abolition – The movement to end slavery, really began in late 1700’s
    • 1800’s – Abolitionist views begin to spread especially in the North
    • Believed it was wrong to own another person
    • Believed slavery should be abolished for different reasons
  • 4. Beliefs for ending Slavery
    • Religious reasons – Since colonial days Quakers were against slavery.
    • First public protest against slavery was led by a group of Philadelphia Quakers in 1688
    • Believed all people equal before God
    • It was a sin to own another person
  • 5. Beliefs
    • Political reasons – Declaration of Independence said all people are endowed with unalienable rights-life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
    • Society not democratic if slavery existed
  • 6. Beliefs
    • Some against slavery due to own experiences
    • Black people, slave and free, hated the system
    • Believed any system that allowed slavery was unjust and inhumane
  • 7. North and South
    • By 1804 most North abolished slavery
    • 1807 Congress banned the importation of African slaves into the United States
    • Abolitionist began to demand a law ending slavery in the South
    • South still supported it however
    • Believed health of Southern economy depended on slave labor
    • Believed freeing the slaves would disrupt southern society
  • 8. Liberia
    • Abolitionists sought ways to free slaves and compensate– pay the slaveholders for their losses
    • Groups raised money to pay owners
    • Some supported colonization – send former slaves to Africa
  • 9. Liberia
    • 1817 American Colonization Society
    • President Monroe helps group buy a strip of land in West Africa
    • Liberia established 1822
    • 1 st recruited free blacks
    • Claimed it was a way for blacks to gain greater freedom and independence
    • 1827 few owners freed slaves and allowed them to go to Liberia
  • 10. Liberia
    • Some blacks felt they would be denied their full rights in the U.S.
    • Felt colonization was a way to a better life
    • Paul Cuffe especially
    • Cuffe a wealthy merchant, had sent 38 people to Africa before the ACS was formed
    • Died before he could carry out his entire plan of colonization
  • 11. Blacks Oppose
    • Most blacks opposed idea
    • Most ACS’s influential members were southern planters who favored slavery
    • Felt these members just wanted to get rid of free blacks to tighten hold on slavery
    • Blacks spoke out in speeches and pamphlets stating they were in the United States to stay
  • 12. Question??
    • Why was Liberia established?
  • 13. Abolitionists Evolve
    • Free blacks backbone of antislavery movement
    • Antislavery societies formed
    • Filed lawsuits, held lectures, gave speeches, printed pamphlets, printed newspapers, submitted petitions to Congress, and even broke the law to reach their goals
  • 14. Abolitionists
    • Samuel Cornish and John Russworm – 1827 1 st black newspaper “Freedom’s Journal”
    • David Walker – 1829 printed a pamphlet urging slaves to revolt. “An Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World”.
    • Walker warned whites “We must and shall be Free…”
    • Pamphlets made their way in to the south
  • 15. Abolitionists
    • Southerners offered a reward for Walker’s capture (Georgia Legislature offered $10,000)
    • Walker heard his life was in danger but would not run away
    • Shortly afterwards, he mysteriously was found dead
  • 16. More Abolitionists
    • William Lloyd Garrison – 1831 published an abolitionist newspaper “The Liberator”
    • Opposed violence, but wanted immediate freeing of slaves
    • Rejected the idea of compensating owners
    • Famous quote “ … I will be Heard”
    • Many people hated his views both north and south
    • Was captured and drug to a park to be hung in Boston 1834 until the mayor saved him
    • Some blamed Garrison for Nat Turner’s bloody revolt
  • 17. Still More
    • 1833 American Anti-Slavery Society formed by 1840 this group had more than 250,000 members in 15 states
    • Grimke Sisters (Sarah and Angelina)
    • Led public speeches about antislavery
    • Angelina’s husband Theodore Weld also campaigned to end slavery
    • Sent petitions to Congress
    • Proslavery Congressmen passed gag rules to prevent the reading of his petitions in Congress
    • John Q. Adams ignored the gag and read them anyways and introduced an amendment to abolish slavery
  • 18. And Still More!!
    • J.Q. Adams also defended a group of Africans who rebelled on the slave ship “Amistad”. He successfully argued their case before the Supreme Court in 1841, and in 1842 the Africans returned home
    • By 1840 a network of nearly 2,000 societies stretched across the North including black and white members
  • 19. Eyewitnesses to Slavery
    • Fredrick Douglass – 1838 escaped Maryland and fled to Massachusetts
    • Great speaker, people who opposed abolition spread rumors that he was so good there was no way he was ever a slave.
    • To prove them wrong in 1845 published an autobiography that vividly narrated his experiences
    • After releasing his autobiography he feared recapture so he fled for 2 years to speak in Great Britain and Ireland
    • Upon returning, bought his freedom and published an antislavery newspaper
    • Most effective of all abolitionist speakers
  • 20. Eyewitness
    • Sojourner Truth– original name Isabella born in New York
    • 1827 fled her owners to live with Quakers who set her free
    • They also helped her win a court case to recover her young son
    • Changed her name in 1843 to reflect her work. She was a devout Christian. Believed God had given her a special mission to speak against injustice
    • Sojourn means to stay temporarily in a place
    • Traveled throughout the north telling her story and vowing for freedom for slaves
  • 21. Other Eyewitnesses
    • William Wells Brown – famous lecturer and writer also escaped slavery. Like Douglass went to England to speak
    • James Forten – born into freedom. Philadelphia businessman owned own sail making company. Contributed large amounts of money to Garrison
  • 22. Another Key Speaker
    • Theodore D. Weld – Minister who gave moving sermons. Even converted entire communities.
  • 23. Underground Railroad
    • Abolitionists directly helped slaves escape
    • Many escaped on the underground RR
    • It was a network of people who helped runaway slaves reach safety
    • Leaders on the RR were known as conductors
    • Led slaves to stations – homes of people who secretly sheltered the runaways
    • Slaves fled in the night house to house. Were helped along the way by other slaves, free blacks, and sympathetic whites with food, shelter, and clothing
    • Some say between 30,000 and 100,000 slaves traveled the RR
  • 24. Conductors
    • Most famous Harriet Tubman
    • Born into slavery in Maryland. At 13 she tried saving another slave from punishment and was struck over the head by the master with a two pound weight fracturing her skull. She suffered from drowsiness the rest of her life.
    • 1849 escaped from her owner before she was to be sold
  • 25. Tubman’s Crusades
    • Made 19 journeys into the south to help others escape
    • Helped more than 300 slaves gain freedom
    • Carried a pistol to frighten off slave hunters
    • Carried medicine to quiet crying babies
    • Enemies offered $40,000 for her capture
    • Threatened with death any passenger who thought of surrender or attempted to return
    • “ I never run my train off the track and I never lost a passenger” declared Tubman
  • 26. Tubman and more
    • Tubman helped to guide 6 of her brothers, her elderly parents, and a number of other relatives to freedom.
    • During the Civil War, she served as a nurse, scout, and spy for the Union.
    • Levi Coffin – Quaker from Indiana
    • President of the RR. Often housed runaways in his home when others couldn’t.
  • 27. RR today
    • The Underground Railroad Network to Freedom Act passed by Congress in 1998.
    • Instructed the National Park Service to identify and locate important places along the RR
    • By 1999 about 3 dozen sites located. Each marked by a plaque
  • 28. Question??
    • How did abolitionists help in the Underground RR??
  • 29. Movement is Split
    • Members have different ideas and opinions
    • Garrison took an aggressive stand (militant)
    • Attacked church leaders and others who didn’t speak against slavery
    • Garrison believed North should separate from the South
    • Felt abolitionists should refuse to vote, hold office, or take any political action as long as slavery existed
    • Disagreed with the Constitution
  • 30. Split
    • Others felt political action was necessary
    • Disagreed with Garrison’s effort to give women equal rights in the Amer. Anti-Slavery Society.
    • 1839 many broke off and started own organization
    • Formed Liberty Party – antislavery political party
    • Nominated James G. Birney for president
    • Lost election but made abolition important political issue
  • 31. Militant Action
    • Some even called for militant action such as Henry Highland Garnet.
    • Former slave from Maryland
    • Believed laws protecting slavery should be defied
  • 32. Question??
    • How were William Lloyd Garrison’s activities different from those of the Liberty Party?

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