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Union defeated largely in part to the stand by General Thomas J. Jackson and his troops
Confederates saw Jackson and his troops standing strong and they rallied and joined with him holding off the larger Union army until reinforcements could arrive. This stand earned Jackson the nickname “Stonewall”
11,000 Confederate troops led by Brigadier General Joseph E. Johnston arrived to help and Johnston assumed command of Confederates
As the Union soldiers scattered and fled, they dropped all kinds of useful supplies such as; coats, blankets, cooking tins, caps, belts, bayonets, etc. Instead of chasing the Union troops the Confederates let them go and stopped and picked up all the supplies
The months that followed the battle of Bull Run, saw many battles take place West of the Appalachians
In April 1861, as Union troops withdrew from Norfolk Naval Shipyard in Virginia, they sank the Merrimac to keep it out of Rebel hands
Confederates repaired the ship, covered it with iron and renamed it Virginia. They sent it to battle against the Union’s blockade. In its 1 st battle it defeated 3 Union ships. After that, Union builds its own Ironclads
By the end of the war the Union had 626 warships of which 65 were Ironclads
Congress hoping to appeal to northern voters, passed the Homestead Act. This permitted citizens over 21 to own a free plot of 160 acres on land in the public domain—if they would occupy and improve it for 5 years
Why did Lincoln only free slaves in the South? The Constitution. Because freeing slaves weakened the Confederacy. This was viewed as a military move and as Commander-in-Chief he could do so. The Constitution would not allow the President to free slaves in the Union. However, Lincoln did request Congress to abolish slavery gradually. This act, despite freeing few slaves, became a symbol for the North. They no longer were just out to preserve the Union.