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War Comes To Europe
War Comes To Europe
War Comes To Europe
War Comes To Europe
War Comes To Europe
War Comes To Europe
War Comes To Europe
War Comes To Europe
War Comes To Europe
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War Comes To Europe

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  • 1. WAR COMES TO EUROPE Essential Questions: • How did World War II begin? • What was the Munich Agreement? • What was the Phony War? • How did Paris fall? • What was the Battle of Britain?
  • 2. Austria In 1937 Hitler met secretly with  his top military advisers He declared that to grow and  prosper Germany needed the land of its neighbors His plan was to absorb Austria  and Czechoslovakia into the Third Reich Austria  In March 1938 Hitler marched  into Austria unopposed Most Austrians were German who  favored unification
  • 3. Czechoslovakia Hitler began massing troops near the  Sudetenland  A mountainous region on the western border of Czechoslovakia France and England both declared  that they would protect Czechoslovakia at all costs When war seemed inevitable Hitler  invited French premier Daladier and British Prime Minster Neville Chamberlain to meet with him in Munich  Hitler told them that Czechoslovakia would be his “last territorial demand” The two leaders believed Hitler in  their desire to avoid war
  • 4. The Munich Agreement Munich Agreement was signed in  September 1938 Turned the Sudetenland over to  Germany without a single shot being fired Chamberlain returned to England from  Germany and declared that he had come back from with “peace with honor. I believe it is peace in our time” Winston Churchill, Chamberlain’s  political, disagreed with the Munich Agreement  Said it was a policy of appeasement  Gave up principles to pacify an aggressor
  • 5. The German Offensive Begins March 1939 Hitler moved into what  remained of Czechoslovakia Hitler then looked toward Poland   Surprised many since Poland was Russia’s neighbor  If Hitler attacked it might draw Russia into the conflict  It would lead to a two front war…exactly what exhausted Germany in World War I Tensions rose and suddenly Joseph  Stalin signed a nonaggression pact with Hitler  The two committed to never attack each other  They signed a secret pact agreeing to split Poland between them
  • 6. Invasion of Poland September 1, 1939 the Luftwaffe  roared into Poland Luftwaffe is the German air force  Bombed Polish  basses, airfields, railroads, & cities At the same time German tanks raced  into the country The first test of Germans military  strength and their Blitzkrieg strategy Blitzkrieg means a “lightning war”  Utilized the element of surprise to  quickly crush opposition forces Blitzkrieg worked and Poland fell  World War II officially commenced 
  • 7. The Phony War After the fall of Poland French and British  troops sat on the Maginot Line  Fortifications on France’s eastern border  They waited for something to happen  Phony War because nothing took place Russia   Stalin began annexing the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Finland Hitler   In April 1940 Hitler launched a surprise invasion of Denmark and Norway  He said it was to protect their “freedom”  He really wanted a place to build bases so he could attack England  He then attacked the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg  They fell by May
  • 8. The Fall of Paris France’s Maginot Line proved to be  ineffective German army bypassed the line  Hitler's generals went through the  Ardennes Region of wooded ravines in France  400,000 British and French soldiers fled to  the beaches of Dunkirk and evacuated to England Italy entered the war & invaded France  Germany closed in on Paris from the North  June 1940 Hitler gave French officials his  terms French general, Charles de Gaulle, fled to 
  • 9. The Battle of Britain Summer of 1940 Germany began to  assemble an invasion force along the French coast Luftwaffe began making bombing  runs over Britain  Goal was to gain control of skies by destroying the Royal Air Force (RAF) Every night for two months German  bombers pounded London First the Luftwaffe targeted airfields  and aircraft, and then they targeted cities The RAF fought back brilliantly  They used the new device called  radar to target the German Luftwaffe

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