Tweed And Tammany Hall
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Tweed And Tammany Hall

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Tweed And Tammany Hall Tweed And Tammany Hall Presentation Transcript

    • Essential Questions:
    • Who was William Tweed?
    • How did Tweed use the system of patronage to his benefit?
    • How was the Tweed Ring eventually brought down?
    • Who was Thomas Nast and what contributions did he make to the political and cultural fabric of American society?
    Tweed and Tammany Hall
  • Tammany Hall
    • 1789, in NYC, the Tammany Society was founded
    • Originally a patriotic & charitable organization
    • 1817, Irish leaders gained membership in Tammany
      • Enacted practice of exchanging votes for benefits
    • For the next 70 years New York City would be governed by Tammany forces
    • 1868, William Tweed became the leader of Tammany
      • Ushered in an era of extreme corruption
  • William Tweed
    • Began his rise to influence in the1840s as a volunteer fireman in New York City
    • From these beginnings Tweed managed to build a base of power
    • He was soon elected to a term in the New York State Assembly
    • During his term he was active in Tammany Hall
      • The organizational force of the Democratic Party in New York
  • Patronage
    • Tweed used a vast system of patronage
    • Tweed gathered a small group of men who controlled New York City's finances
    • They dispensed jobs and contracts in return for political support and bribes
    • Political patronage is the dispensing of favors or rewards in return for support or votes
  • The Scandal
    • Estimated he stole $75 million to $200 million
      • Contractors presented bills ranging from 15% to 65% of the actual cost
      • Extra money was divided among Tweed and his subordinates
    • The Tweed Courthouse
      • Most excessive example of corruption
      • Cost the city $13 million to construct
        • It actually cost only $3 million
    • Tweed’s Downfall
      • Refused to authorize the “Orange Parade”
      • Sheriff gave evidence of embezzlement to The New York Times
      • Political cartoons drawn by Thomas Nast increased anger towards Tweed
  • Thomas Nast
    • Efforts were instrumental in bringing down the Tweed Ring
    • Contributed to the political & cultural scene:
      • Created the elephant as the symbol for the Republican Party and the donkey for the Democrats
      • Developed the popular appearance of Uncle Sam
      • Popularized the current day conception of Santa Claus
  • The Fate of Tweed and Tammany Hall
    • Tweed was tried and convicted of forgery and larceny
    • Was sentenced to a 12-year prison term
    • He was released after serving only one year, but was quickly arrested on another corruption charge
    • He escaped and fled to Cuba and then eventually Spain
    • He was extradited back to the United States in 1876 and died later in a New York City jail cell
  • Tweed and Tammany Hall
    • New York: A Documentary Film