The Threats To World Peace


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The Threats To World Peace

  1. 1. The War Was in Color World War II   What do you think the artists are trying to convey through their song?
  2. 2. THREATS TO WORLD PEACE Essential Questions: did the Treaty of Versailles lead to World War •How II? were the dictators that arose after World War •Who I? did Adolf Hitler rise to power? •How •How did the U.S. respond to the rise of Adolf Hitler?
  3. 3. After the Great War For many nations the  peace of World War I had brought revolution fueled by economic depression It also brought the rise  of powerful dictators They were driven by a  belief in nationalism Loyalty to ones country  above all else
  4. 4. The Treaty of Versailles Treaty caused anger and  resentment The Germans saw nothing fair in  a treaty that blamed them for starting the war The Soviets also resented the  carving up of parts of Russia People turned to authoritarian  leaders to solve their economic and social problems The democracies that were setup  after World War I collapsed  Dictators seized power
  5. 5. Joseph Stalin In Russia a civil war broke out  It resulted in the creation of the communist  state, known as the Soviet Union The Revolution was led by Lenin, but Joseph  Stalin took over when Lenin died in 1924 Stalin began creating an ideal communist state  All economic activity was placed under  state management Stalin eliminated anyone that stood in his  way Stalin was responsible for the deaths of 8  to 13 million people By 1938 Stalin had created a strong totalitarian  government A government that maintained complete 
  6. 6. Benito Mussolini In Italy unemployment and inflation  was producing bitter strikes Mussolini took advantage of this  He played on the fears of economic  collapse and the spread of communism to take power He created a Fascist state  Fascists believed that power must rest  with a single strong leader and a small group of devote party members Mussolini and his Fascist party  marched on Rome The Italian King appointed Mussolini  head of the government
  7. 7. Adolf Hitler After World War I Hitler joined a  group called the National Social German Workers’ Party Known as the Nazis  With his powerful speaking  abilities Hitler soon became the leader of the party Nazism was a German brand of  Fascism which three general goals: 1. Hitler dreamed of uniting all  German-speaking people in a great German empire 2. Hitler wanted to enforce “racial  purification” To him Germans were the “master  race” 3. Hitler wanted to expand  territorially
  8. 8. Hitler’s Rise to Power The Great Depression helped the  Nazis come to power Due to German dependence on  American loans and investments the German economy was hit hard By 1932, some 6 million Germans  were unemployed Many joined Hitler's private army,  known as the storm troopers By 1932 the Nazis were the strongest  German political party In January 1933 Hitler was appointed  Chancellor of Germany He quickly dismantled Germany’s  democratic Weimar Republic He created the Third Reich (Third  German Empire)
  9. 9. The U.S. Response Initially the United States took  a policy of isolationism When Roosevelt took office in  1933 he felt comfortable reaching out to the world He recognized the Soviet  Union in 1933 and exchanged ambassadors with Moscow The Neutrality Acts  Were passed in 1935 in an  attempt to keep the U.S. out of future wars It outlawed the sale of arms or  loans to nations at war