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The Supreme Court
and the
Amendments
Dred Scott v. Sanford
   Facts:
      1857, Missouri, Illinois, Wisconsin
      Dred Scott was an African-
        Amer...
Dred Scott v. Sanford
   Arguments:
      As a non-citizen many felt that
       Scott had no rights and could not
     ...
Plessy v. Ferguson
   Facts:
      1896, Louisiana
      Louisiana law said all African
        Americans must ride in ...
Plessy v. Ferguson
   Arguments:
      Plessy said this law of segregation
       violated his right to equal
       pro...
Brown v. Board of Education
   Facts:
      1954
      Lind Brown attended an all black
        school 21 blocks from h...
Brown v. Board of Education
   Arguments:
      Thurgood Marshall argued that
       black children were made to feel
  ...
University of California v.
Bakke
   Facts:
      The university of California, Davis
        reserved places in each en...
University of California v.
Bakke
   Issues:
       Allan Bakke argued he was a
        victim of reverse discrimination...
Phillips v. Martin Marietta
Corporation
   Facts:
      Ida Phillips applied for a position
        with the Martin Mari...
Phillips v. Martin Marietta
Corporation
   Arguments:
      Ida took the corporation to court
       saying she was bein...
Amendment Poster
                                        Limits the Federal Courts
                                       ...
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The Supreme Court And The Amendments

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  • Ida Phillips was my grandmother. What an interesting woman she was. She was the strongest woman I have ever met. She is dearly missed.
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  • Transcript of "The Supreme Court And The Amendments"

    1. 1. The Supreme Court and the Amendments
    2. 2. Dred Scott v. Sanford  Facts:  1857, Missouri, Illinois, Wisconsin  Dred Scott was an African- American slave  He was taken by his master from the slave state of Missouri to the free state of Illinois  He lived on free soil for a long time  When the Army ordered his master to go back to Missouri, he took Scott with him back to that slave state  Issues:  Scott said that he should be free since he lived on free soil for such a long time
    3. 3. Dred Scott v. Sanford  Arguments:  As a non-citizen many felt that Scott had no rights and could not sue in a federal court and therefore must remain a slave  Decision:  Scott lost the decision as the Supreme Court declared no slave or descendant of a slave could be a U.S. citizen  The Supreme Court also ruled that Congress could not stop slavery in the newly emerging territories  The decision enraged Abraham Lincoln, and brought the nation to the brink of Civil War  Amendment:  13th – Abolition of Slavery
    4. 4. Plessy v. Ferguson  Facts:  1896, Louisiana  Louisiana law said all African Americans must ride in a separate railroad car  Homer Plessy, a black man , refused to leave a “white only” railroad car  Issues:  Does segregation violate the principle of equal protection?
    5. 5. Plessy v. Ferguson  Arguments:  Plessy said this law of segregation violated his right to equal protection  Decision:  The Supreme Court ruled that the segregation law didn't violate the 14th Amendment as long as the cars for blacks and whites were of equal quality  For more than 50 years this idea of separate but equal was the law of the land  Amendment:  14th – Citizenship and Civil Rights
    6. 6. Brown v. Board of Education  Facts:  1954  Lind Brown attended an all black school 21 blocks from her home  Linda Brown and her parents felt she should be able to attend a white school seven blocks from her home  Issues:  Is the separate but equal law acceptable?  Arguments:  Thurgood Marshall argued that black children were made to feel inferior to whites by having separate schools for black students
    7. 7. Brown v. Board of Education  Arguments:  Thurgood Marshall argued that black children were made to feel inferior to whites by having separate schools for black students  Decision:  The court agreed with Thurgood Marshall, saying separate but equal violated the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment  The decision of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson and made all segregation laws unconstitutional  Amendment:  14th – Citizenship and Civil Rights
    8. 8. University of California v. Bakke  Facts:  The university of California, Davis reserved places in each entering class for African American, Hispanic American, Asian American, and Native American students  In 1973 and 1974 a white applicant named Allan Bakke applied for admission and was rejected  At the same time other applicants of other racial groups were admitted even though they had lower grade-point averages and test scores
    9. 9. University of California v. Bakke  Issues:  Allan Bakke argued he was a victim of reverse discrimination  Arguments:  Some said that colleges can use race as a basis for admission others disagreed  Decision:  The court ruled that under the equal protection principle it was unconstitutional for an admission program to discriminate against whites only because of their race  However, the court said race could be one of the factors considered if the school wished to create a more diverse student body  Amendment:  14th – Citizenship and Civil Rights
    10. 10. Phillips v. Martin Marietta Corporation  Facts:  Ida Phillips applied for a position with the Martin Marietta Corporation  The corporation screened women applicants to find out whether they had young children, since the corporation believed children took up a large part of a woman’s time  Ida had two preschoolers and was denied the job  Issues:  Can the company ask only women whether they have children and use this information in the hiring process
    11. 11. Phillips v. Martin Marietta Corporation  Arguments:  Ida took the corporation to court saying she was being discriminated against since men were not questioned as to whether they had children and were hired whether they had young children or not  Decision:  The Supreme Court ruled that the company could not have “one hiring policy for women and another for men”  Amendment:  14th – Citizenship and Civil Rights
    12. 12. Amendment Poster Limits the Federal Courts n reig y Your poster must include: ve  The # of your Amendment So unit Imm Co 11 Explanation: What does ur your amendment do? ts  Title: What does your Amendment address?  Important Terms related to the amendment Sue The  Drawings or Pictures Cut State! from a Magazine or newspaper that help explain your Amendment (NO pictures printed from the Internet!) Explanation: Says people can’t sue the government of a state

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