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The Road To Independence
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The Road To Independence

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  • 1. cho S^ Days to Halloween 13 ol Shades of Death Road MANY LEGENDS a a s c te w Sha e o De th Ro d re s o ia d ith ds f a a, w h w sa ng id J nny J p Sta Fo s upto hic ind lo s e e um te re t Alla uc in Wa n C unty. Oneo them refa o m hy rre o f o m us s e na e in Ne J rs y ro d id c tre t m s w e e a s e ulture thisro d , a runsa nga o ha dla b d w h o c s na lo n ld unte ke e hic c a io lly ha p rso m t ris fro theto o thew te s illa f is ing m p f a r. quot;I d n't kno w t c us sit, b I'ves e it w n I w s o w ha a e ut en he a fishing s te P teVa re quot;I think it w sale e ,quot; ta s e llie . a g nd a o thee rly s ttle killingtheInd nsa thro ing b ut a e rs ia nd w the intothela .quot; Thisp no e isa oc lle The m ke he m na ls a d Gre t Me d w Fo . So ep o lec imto s ethed a a a o s g m e p la e ed w lkinga ngthero din them t. a lo a is Sha e o De th Ro da orunsb theDa Mo n Ba a ds f a a ls y rk o r, m t-s po a We N.J trip Thero dw sa othe us to n ny ird . . a a ls s o m ny d a o etho ht tob ac eo thea a ite f a e ths nc ug e urs n re . But C s Wa rs a e p ye a C hris y te , n m lo e t hrus sGe ra zâ ne l Sto in J hns nb , s idtha he m the ha to he it re o o urg a t r o r d ld r w ss m kindo p g c us db thew te tha w s a o e f la ue a e y a r t a re p ns le s o ib . quot;So e neisa a tryingtos a thes n,quot; s ysW te . mo lw ys te l ig a a rs quot;Tha w the g a e upthep le t's hy y re s d o .quot;
  • 2. The Five Influences on American Government Review Greece e Rome Dir ta tiv ec t en a cy De s m pre ocr ocr acy Re e m D Roots of American e Government Se o f th rta) para w er Ca t io no po agna c h e b asi ill fP g t nt (M t he le (B ow it in me i ng eop ers Lim vern ish e p ts) There are natural go ta bl th gh Es ts of f Ri rights of people rig h o Montesquieu England John Locke
  • 3. The Five Influences on American Government Review  There are rights that even a monarch cannot take away.  Ans we r: England (Magna Carta )  Local issues should be decided by citizens.  Ans we r: Greece  Citizens should not obey a government that does not protect their natural rights.  Ans we r: John Locke  Everyone, even government leaders, must obey the law.  Ans we r: England (Bill of Rights )
  • 4. The Five Influences on American Government Review  The purpose of government is to protect the natural rights of citizens.  Answer: John Locke  If citizens cannot meet to make laws, they can elect representatives to conduct the business of government.  Answer: Rome  Power in government should be divided among legislative, executive, and judicial branches to avoid tyranny.  Answer: Montesquieu  All people have the right to a trial by jury.  Answer: England
  • 5. The Road to Independence
  • 6. The 13 Colonies  New England  New Hampshire  Massachusetts  Rhode Island  Connecticut  Middle Colonies  New York  New Jersey  Pennsylvania  Delaware  Southern Colonies  Maryland  Virigina  North Carolina  South Carolina  Georgia
  • 7. The French and Indian War (1754-1763)  Named for the two enemiesthe of British during the war  When it was over Britain won had  As a result it . gained large in North America of land amounts  The war was very for the British expensive  England chose to pay off its war debt with money from the American colonies tax  These contributed to the beginning of the . taxes American Revolution
  • 8. The Acts Towards the Colonies  The Sugar Act of 1764  Placed taxes on luxury goods, including coffee, silk, and wine  The Quartering of 1765 Act  Forced colonists to provide and food housing for royal troops  Stamp Act of 1765  Required the purchase of for all legal Royal stamps documents, newspapers, licenses, and leases Tensions Build Between the Colon
  • 9. Lexington and Concord  Fought on April 19, 1775 .  The first military engagement of the . American Revolution The Shot Heard Round the World
  • 10. Thomas Paine  He wrote Common Sense .  It called for independence for the American colonies  In Common Sense , Paine states that sooner or later independence from must come, England because America had lost touch with the mother country.
  • 11. (1774) First Continental Congress  It did two things:  It attempted to convince the British to respect the rights of the American colonists  It setup the creation of the:  Second Continental Congress
  • 12. (1775) Second Continental Congress  It was the body that adopted the:  Declaration of Independence  Articles of Confederation
  • 13. Declaration of Independence  It declared that the Thirteen Colonies in North America were independent of and were separateBritaincalling Great states, themselves the “United States of America”  It was written mainly by . Thomas Jefferson  It explained the . to from Britain reasons separate
  • 14. (1777) Articles of Confederation  It was the first governing document, or , of the United States of Constitution America  Ratified, or approved, in 1781
  • 15. Moving Toward Nationhood After the 1774: First 1775: 1776: Thomas French and Continental Paine Indian War: Second Congress Continental Parliament Congress Publishes his Asked levies taxes begins to meet pamphlet England to mainly on respect the Common Sense colonial trade rights of goods colonists July 4, 1776 1777: 1781: States Ratify Declaration of Second Continental The Articles of Independence adopted Congress draws Confederation up the Articles of Confederation