The Kennedy Administration


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The Kennedy Administration

  1. 1. THE AGE OF CAMELOT Essential Questions: 1. Why is the Election of 1960 important in the nation’s history? 2. How would one characterize Kennedy’s inaugural address? 3. What was the Bay of Pigs Invasion? 4. What was the Cuban Missile crisis? 5. What was Kennedy’s stance on Civil Rights? 6. How did Kennedy impact the Space race? 7. What is the legacy of John F. Kennedy?
  2. 2. West Berlin JFK in Berlin  After WWII the Allies and Soviets divided Germany  A Wall soon separated West and East Berlin  East Berlin fell under the control of the Soviets  West Berlin fell under the joint control of the Allies  On June 26, 1963, Kennedy visited West Berlin and gave a speech criticizing communism  Kennedy used the construction of the Berlin Wall as an example of the failures of communism  quot;Freedom has many difficulties…but we have never had to put a wall up to keep our people in.”  Nearly five-sixths of the population was on the street when Kennedy said the famous phrase
  3. 3. Civil Rights  End of racial discrimination was the most pressing domestic issue of Kennedy's day  The U.S. Supreme Court had ruled in 1954 in Brown v. Board of Education that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional  Many schools, especially in the south, did not obey the ruling  Segregation on buses, in restaurants, movie theaters, bathrooms, and other public places remained  Kennedy supported racial integration and civil rights
  4. 4. Civil Rights  During the 1960 campaign Revered Martin Luther King, Jr. led a peaceful protest  He was arrested and jailed  President Eisenhower refused to intervene  Vice President Nixon took no public stance  King was being held while all the others that were arrested were released  Jack and Bobby Kennedy however helped secure the early release of King
  5. 5. Space Program  On April 12, 1961 the Soviets launched the first man into space, Yuri Gagarin  Kennedy was eager for the U.S. to lead the way in the space race  Under Kennedy the Americans achieved the same feat less the a month later  Alan Sheppard reached Earth orbit  Kennedy made a speech at Rice University on September 12, 1962  A launch facility at Cape Canaveral, Florida, and a mission control center in Houston, Texas were soon constructed to achieve this goal  On July 20, 1969, almost six years later Project Apollo's goal was finally realized
  6. 6. The Day Camelot Ended  November 22, 1963 JFK traveled to Dallas  Kennedy was assassinated at 12:30 p.m. as his motorcade moved through the city  Died younger than any president to date  Was only 46 years old  Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested and charged with the murder  Denied shooting anyone, claiming he was a patsy  ‘Now President’ Johnson created the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination  Concluded Oswald was the lone assassin
  7. 7. Burial JFK Funeral  March 1967, Kennedy's body was moved to a permanent burial plot at Arlington  Jacqueline Kennedy and their two deceased children were buried with him later  His brother, Senator Robert Kennedy, was buried nearby in 1968  JFK’s grave is lit with an quot;Eternal Flame”  Jackie had requested the flame, inspired by the eternal flame at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris  Kennedy and William Howard Taft are the only two U.S. Presidents buried at Arlington
  8. 8. The Kennedy Legacy  Public Perception  Kennedy and his wife were younger in comparison to former first families  Both were popular in ways more common to pop singers and movie stars  Television  Kennedy was the first president to ask for TV events to be broadcast live  Kennedy era marks the beginning of television having an impact on politics and the way the public perceives their elected officials
  9. 9. The Kennedy Legacy  The Age of Camelot  Kennedys’ invited a wide range of artists, writers and intellectuals to White House dinners  Jackie brought new art and furniture into the White House  Directed a restoration – she revitalized the people’s house  On the White House lawn the Kennedys built a swimming pool and tree house  Charisma of Kennedy and his family led to the figurative term of quot;Camelotquot; being given to his administration