The Cost Of War


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Cost Of War

  1. 1. THEQuestions: OF WAR Essential COST 1. How did the Civil War change the nation politically? 2. How did the Civil War change the nation economically? 3. What were the overall costs of the war? 4. What was the 13th amendment? 5. How did the assassination of Lincoln unfold? 6. Who was John Wilkes Booth and what was his fate? 7. After the end of the Civil War what issues now faced the nation?
  2. 2. Political Changes  Before the war states used secession whenever federal policies angered them  After the war the federal government was the supreme national authority  No state has ever threatened secession since  The war greatly increased federal power  It was more active in the lives of Americans during the war  They taxed citizens  They tore men from their homes to fight during the war
  3. 3. Economic Changes  During the Civil War the federal government had helped construct a national railroad system  The National Bank Act of 1863 setup a system of federally chartered banks  It made banking safer for investors  The economy in the North boomed  Done through the selling war supplies  After war they had money to invest  The War devastated the South  Took away its labor source (slavery)  It destroyed its major industries
  4. 4. Costs of the War  360,000 Union soldiers died  260,000 Confederate soldiers died  275,000 Union and 225,000 Confederate soldiers were wounded  For 4-years the Civil War disrupted life throughout the nation  Education, careers, and families were put on hold
  5. 5. Thirteenth Amendment  In the border states slavery was still legal  Lincoln pushed through an amendment to outlaw slavery everywhere but it was defeated  It was re-introduced in the House in 1865  Amendment passed with only two votes to spare  By the end of 1865 27 states had ratified the 13th amendment  It said that “neither slavery, nor involuntary servitude…shall exist in the United States”
  6. 6. A Night at Ford’s Theater  5-days after Lee surrendered to Grant Lincoln went Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C.  He saw “Our American Cousin”  During the third act John Wilkes Booth opened the guarded door to the presidential box  He raised a pistol, and fired at the back of Lincoln’s head
  7. 7. John Wilkes Booth  A 26-year old actor and southern sympathizer  After he killed Lincoln he leapt off stage and screamed “Sic semper tyrannis” (Thus be it ever to tyrants)  Despite a broken leg from the jump Booth escaped  12 days later after a massive manhunt he was trapped in a Virginia barn  Refused to surrender so the barn was set on fire  Was shot by either the Calvary or himself  With his dying breath he whispered “useless, useless”
  8. 8. A Journey Home  A funeral train carried Lincoln’s body from Washington, D.C. to Springfield Illinois  It took 14 days to make the journey  7 million Americans turned out to publicly mourn Lincoln’s death  Now the nation faced two new challenges:  How to restore the southern states into the Union  How to integrate 4 million newly freed African Americans into national life?