The Age Of Discovery
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The Age Of Discovery

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The Age Of Discovery The Age Of Discovery Presentation Transcript

  • Questions of the Day
    • What was the motivation behind early world exploration?
    • For whom did early explorers sail?
    • What did sailors eat while at sea and what were some problems that early sailors could encounter regarding their food?
    • What event occurred in the 13 th century that allowed travel between Europe and Asia?
    • In the early days of exploration, much of the world was explored via land. What is one famous journey of exploration in the 13 th century?
    • Essential Questions:
    • What was Europe like in the early 1400s?
    • What was the Age of Discovery?
    • What inventions propelled the Age of Discovery?
    • What was the impact of the Age of Discovery?
  • Early Exploration
    • Expeditions crossed Asia by land
    • The Mongols: Good and Bad
      • Threatened Europe with destruction
      • But they unified Asia creating trade & communication routes
    • Europeans took advantage of this:
      • Explored the Far East
      • Traded with Middle East & Asia
    • The Mongol Empire collapsed
      • Eastern travel was dangerous
  • The Black Death
    • One of the deadliest plagues in history
    • Began in Asia or India & spread to Europe
    • Total number of deaths worldwide is estimated at 75 million people
      • 25-50 million occurred in Europe
      • 30%-60% of Europe's population
      • Reduced the world's population from 450 million to 350 million
    • Blow to the Roman Catholic Church
      • No one was able to cure the plague
      • Led to a mistrust of religious officials
      • Believed the plague was God's wrath
  • The Rise of Nations
    • With the decline of Church monarchs were quick to fill the power-gap
    • This resulted in the growth of towns, cities, and nations
    • By the late 1400’s four major nations were taking shape in western Europe
      • Portugal, Spain, France, and England
    • Leaders encouraged exploration
      • A way to finance their armies and their bureaucracies
  • The Age of Discovery
    • Europeans – especially Portugal – explored the world by ocean for trading partners
    • Sought a trade route to Asia
      • Wanted gold, silver, and spices
    • Europeans used new sailing technologies
      • Most important was the caravel
      • Was the first ship that could leave the calm Mediterranean and sail safely in the Atlantic
  • Carrack vs. the Caravel
    • Carracks were used for exploration
      • Explored the African coast
      • Had larger square sails
      • Were very difficult to navigate
    • The Caravel
      • Smaller and could explore shallow waters
      • Had lateen, or triangular sails
      • Made the caravel fast
    • Columbus set out in two caravels
      • Santa Maria was a small carrack
      • Pinta and Niña were slightly larger caravels
  • Impact of the Age of Discovery
    • New oceanic links by Europeans led to the Age of Imperialism
    • Age of Imperialism
      • Period of expansion by European nations
      • European powers came to control most of the planet
    • New World civilizations were destroyed by European conquests
    • New religions were forced onto people, especially in the New World