Tension In The Colonies (Level I & Ii)


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Tension In The Colonies (Level I & Ii)

  1. 1. <ul><li>Southern </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia (tobacco, wheat, cattle, iron) </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland (tobacco, wheat) </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina (tobacco, furs) </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina (rice, indigo, silk) </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia (rick, naval supplies, lumber) </li></ul><ul><li>Middle </li></ul><ul><li>New York (furs, wheat, glass, shoes) </li></ul><ul><li>Delaware (trade, foodstuffs) </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey (trade, cooper) </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania (flax, shipbuilding) </li></ul><ul><li>New England </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts (ships, lumber, fishing) </li></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire (ship masts, livestock, lumber) </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut (rum, iron, shipbuilding) </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island (livestock) </li></ul>Pennsylvania (1643) New York (1624) New Hampshire (1624) Massachusetts (1620) Connecticut (1633) Rhode Island (1636) New Jersey (1660) Delaware (1638) Virginia (1607) North Carolina (1653) South Carolina (1670) Georgia (1733) Maryland (1634)
  2. 2. TENSION IN THE COLONIES <ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>How did Mercantilism impact the English colonies? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the Navigation Acts impact the English colonies? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is Salutary Neglect important in English colonial history? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is the Great Awakening important in colonial history? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mercantilism <ul><li>Colony should sell more than it buys </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage exports & discourage imports </li></ul><ul><li>One way is by using tariffs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A tax imposed on goods when they are brought into a country or colony </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mercantilism was the dominant school of thought from the 16th to the 18th century </li></ul><ul><li>Led to government intervention and control over the economy; start of capitalist system </li></ul>
  4. 4. Navigation Acts <ul><li>Laws restricting foreign shipping and trade between England and its colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforced English policy that English trade should be carried on English vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Navigation Act of 1660 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Required all European goods bound for America to first be shipped through England or Wales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In England, the goods were unloaded, inspected, paid duties, and reloaded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goods had to be carried in English vessels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increased cost and shipping time </li></ul>
  5. 5. Salutary Neglect <ul><li>English policy of avoiding strict enforcement of laws meant to keep the colonies obedient to England </li></ul><ul><li>Policy lasted from 1607 to 1763 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prime Minister did not believe in enforcing the Navigation Acts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Since British authority did not assert its power, the colonists were left to govern themselves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonies became accustomed to the idea of self-control </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Salutary Neglect <ul><li>French & Indian War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>England tried to seize supplies and force men into service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonists resented this interference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It created resentment in the American colonies toward the British </li></ul></ul><ul><li>King George III ends Salutary Neglect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stamp Act and Sugar Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caused tensions within the colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Was a large factor that led to the American Revolution </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Great Awakening <ul><li>Increased religious activity (1730s) </li></ul><ul><li>Jonathan Edwards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talked of personal religious experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Effects of the Great Awakening </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People became passionately involved in their religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People started to study the Bible at home </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Led to &quot;experiencing God in their own way&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>To many conversion became important </li></ul>
  8. 8. Salem Witch Trials <ul><li>Pre-cursor to the Great Awakening </li></ul><ul><li>February 1692 and May 1693 </li></ul><ul><li>A series of hearings before local courts to prosecute people accused of witchcraft </li></ul><ul><li>The Results: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 150 people were arrested and imprisoned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>29 people were convicted of witchcraft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>19 of the accused (14 women and 5 men) were hanged </li></ul></ul>