Settling The West (Part #1)

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Settling The West (Part #1)

  1. 1. American Progress (1872) by John Gast 1. What do you see in the picture? 2. What does it tell you about American expansion into the West?
  2. 2. American Progress Analysis <ul><li>Columbia; the early poetic name for the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Leads civilization westward with American settlers </li></ul><ul><li>She strings telegraph wire as she travels; she holds a school book </li></ul><ul><li>Different economic activities of the pioneers are highlighted </li></ul><ul><li>Changing forms of transportation are highlighted </li></ul><ul><li>The Indians and wild animals are fleeing </li></ul>
  3. 3. Life in the West <ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>How did the U.S. acquire Western lands? </li></ul><ul><li>What was life like on the journey West? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did American settlers choose to go West? </li></ul><ul><li>How did people make the move westward? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did people move west? </li></ul>
  4. 4. America Expands: Texas Annexation <ul><li>In 1837, the Republic of Texas, won its independence from Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>In 1844 James Polk, a strong supporter of territorial expansion, won the Presidency </li></ul><ul><li>While John Tyler was still President, but with President-elect Polk's quiet support, Congress approved annexation on 28 February 1845 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The vote in the Senate was 27 to 25 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tyler approved the Joint Resolution, and Texas became a part of the United States </li></ul>
  5. 5. America Expands: Mexican Cessian <ul><li>Region of the present day southwestern United States that was ceded to the U.S. by Mexico in 1848 </li></ul><ul><li>Occurred under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo which ended the Mexican-American War </li></ul><ul><li>The United States also paid $15,000,000 for the land, and agreed to assume $3.25 million in debts of U.S. citizens </li></ul><ul><li>The land ceded by Mexico is 15% of the total area of the current United States territory </li></ul>
  6. 6. Colonization of North America
  7. 7. The Move Westward <ul><li>Settlers believed owning and working the land gave them a claim to it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Was the land unsettled? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Settlers argued natives had forfeited their rights to the land because they had not “improved” the land </li></ul><ul><li>Settlers, called pioneers, migrated as families and settled along rivers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This helped facilitate trade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pioneers often settled among others who came from the same areas of the East, shared similar customs, or religion. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Santa Fe Trail <ul><li>A transportation route connecting Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>It served as a vital commercial and military highway until the introduction of the railroad </li></ul><ul><li>It served as the U.S. invasion route of New Mexico during the Mexican-American War </li></ul><ul><li>Was 900 miles of arid plains, desert and mountains </li></ul><ul><li>On this trail there was a serious danger of Indian attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of food and water also made the trail very risky </li></ul>

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