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… Where someone else`s fate had been Decided in no time at all…  <ul><li>Ellis Island </li></ul><ul><li>How does this song...
IMMIGRATION <ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Why did Nativism sweep the nation in the early 19 th  century? ...
Statistics <ul><li>Between 1870 to 1920 about 20 million Europeans arrived in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Many cam...
Rise of Nativism <ul><li>Result of immigration was the rise of nativism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overt favoring of native-bor...
Ellis Island <ul><li>Located in New York Harbor </li></ul><ul><li>Once the main entry facility for immigrants entering the...
Ellis Island <ul><li>Those with health problems or diseases were sent home </li></ul><ul><li>About 2% were denied admissio...
Angel Island <ul><li>An island in San Francisco Bay </li></ul><ul><li>Provided the same service for those crossing the Pac...
The New American Culture <ul><li>Once admitted immigrants faced many challenges: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finding a place to ...
New York: A Documentary Film <ul><li>Immigration </li></ul>
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Immigration

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Transcript of "Immigration"

  1. 1. … Where someone else`s fate had been Decided in no time at all… <ul><li>Ellis Island </li></ul><ul><li>How does this song convey the history or experiences of Ellis Island and early 20 th century immigration? </li></ul>Ellis Island by Marc Cohn
  2. 2. IMMIGRATION <ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Why did Nativism sweep the nation in the early 19 th century? </li></ul><ul><li>What role did Ellis Island and Angel Island play in 19 th century immigration? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Statistics <ul><li>Between 1870 to 1920 about 20 million Europeans arrived in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Many came to escape religious persecution </li></ul><ul><li>Other Europeans left because of the rising population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Between 1800 and 1900 the population of Europe doubled to nearly 400 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This resulted in land scarcity, completion for labor, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Rise of Nativism <ul><li>Result of immigration was the rise of nativism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overt favoring of native-born Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anti-immigration groups formed </li></ul><ul><li>In 1897 Congress passed a bill requiring literacy test for immigrants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If they couldn’t read 40 words in English or their native language they were refused entry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>President Cleveland vetoed the bill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Was a powerful statement of public sentiment </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Ellis Island <ul><li>Located in New York Harbor </li></ul><ul><li>Once the main entry facility for immigrants entering the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Operated from January 1892 to November 1954 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>12 million immigrants were inspected by 1954 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Before Ellis Island 8 million immigrants had been processed at Castle Garden </li></ul><ul><li>1907 was the peak year for immigration with 1,004,756 immigrants processed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>April 17 saw 11,747 immigrants </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Ellis Island <ul><li>Those with health problems or diseases were sent home </li></ul><ul><li>About 2% were denied admission to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reasons such as disease, criminal background, or insanity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Immigrants who were approved spent from 3 to 5 hours at Ellis Island </li></ul><ul><li>Ellis Island was sometimes known as &quot;The Island of Tears&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Mass processing of immigrants at Ellis Island ended in 1924 after the Immigration Act of 1924 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Angel Island <ul><li>An island in San Francisco Bay </li></ul><ul><li>Provided the same service for those crossing the Pacific as did Ellis Island in the East </li></ul><ul><li>1 million people were processed through Angel island </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 provided tough entry restrictions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigrants waited on the island for as long as two years as they attempted to get in </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 1906 a fire destroyed the facility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All processing took place in San Francisco </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The New American Culture <ul><li>Once admitted immigrants faced many challenges: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finding a place to live </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Getting a job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapting to a new culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding a new language </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many immigrants sought out people that were of similar backgrounds, culture, and language </li></ul><ul><li>They formed their own communities throughout the nation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created social clubs, churches, and synagogues as a means of bonding together in a new land </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. New York: A Documentary Film <ul><li>Immigration </li></ul>
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