European Influences


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European Influences

  1. 1. Did You Know?  Which United States President lived the longest?  Answer: Gerald Ford, he died at the age of 93. FYI:  The Roman emperor Caligula made his horse a  Which of these words is the odd one senator. out and why?  John Wilkes Booth shot Chocolate Lemonade Lincoln in a theatre and was found in a warehouse. Lee Cookie Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy Jello Cake from a warehouse and was found in a theatre.  Answer: Lemonade, because the rest are eaten
  2. 2. European Influences on American Government
  3. 3. The Skill of Taking Notes  Have an organized Setup: Setup Example I. Topic #1 I. Ancient Greece A. Sub-Topic Heading A. The Great Council 1. Important 1. Group of wealthy Information men that passed laws which benefited the upper classes  Don’t copy EVERYTHING exactly as it appears  Put the information in your own words
  4. 4. The Formation of American Government  The founders of the United States took ideas on how the government should be setup from five main sources:  Ancient Greece  Ancient Rome  England  John Locke  Baron de Montesquieu
  5. 5. Ancient Greece (750 - 550 B.C.E.)  Athens was ruled by a small group of men known as the Great Council  It passed laws that were favorable to the wealthy  Farmers, small merchants, and many Greeks wanted to participate in the lawmaking process  They called it Demos Kratia  It means “government by the people”
  6. 6. Ancient Greece (750 - 550 B.C.E.)  Overtime the Great Council agreed and citizens were allowed to participate in their government  What is this called?  Direct Democracy  But, only men who owned large plots of land were considered citizens
  7. 7. Ancient Rome (750 – 350 B.C.E.)  Rome established a Republic  What is that?  A system of government where people elect representatives to speak for them  At first only the Patrician social class could vote but then later the Plebian class got the right  Patrician: Upper Class with important ancestors in the Senate  Plebeians: Upper Class
  8. 8. Ancient Rome (750 – 350 B.C.E.)  Rome did one did very important thing to all their laws:  They codified them, or wrote them down
  9. 9. English Influence on American Government (1215)  English Common Law  Gradually a new court system emerged  Decisions were written down and these became the basis for common law  A document called the Magna Carta was created by the English upper class  It granted certain rights and privileges:  No taxes without consent  It provided for a jury trial
  10. 10. English Influence on American Government (1215)  The Magna Carta created a council called a Parliament that approved decisions made by the King  It granted or denied power to the King  It presented their views to the King  Parliament demanded that the King sign a Bill of Rights, or a written list of the rights of British citizens  Protected freedom of religion and freedom of speech  Says government leaders must obey the law
  11. 11. John Locke’s Influence on American Government (1690)  English political philosopher and writer  Wrote Two Treatises on Government  He said no government can take away a person’s natural rights  What are these rights?  “Life, liberty, and property”  Locke believed they were God given rights  Locke also believed a ruler can only rule as long as he has the consent of the people
  12. 12. Influence of Baron de Montesquieu on American Government  A French political writer  He created the concept of Checks and Balances and Separation of Powers  The idea that the government’s power should be limited by dividing it among different people  Prevents one person from becoming to powerful
  13. 13. Sources of Influence Review Let’s Do This!
  14. 14. Having 3 branches of government: The Legislative, Judicial, and Executive Ancient Greece Ancient Rome England John Locke Montesquieu
  15. 15. Local issues should be decided by citizens Ancient Greece Ancient Rome England John Locke Montesquieu
  16. 16. “Whenever any form of government becomes destructive, it is the right of the people to institute a new government.” Ancient Greece Ancient Rome England John Locke Montesquieu
  17. 17. Representatives are elected to make laws Ancient Greece Ancient Rome England John Locke Montesquieu
  18. 18. The right to a jury trial and no taxes without consent Ancient Greece Ancient Rome England John Locke Montesquieu
  19. 19. “Life, liberty, and property.” Ancient Greece Ancient Rome England John Locke Montesquieu
  20. 20. Review Feedback Let’s See How We Did!
  21. 21. Homework!  Complete the Roots of American Government worksheet