Crete is the home to a civilizationknown as the Minoans. The Minoans were the first Helleniccivilization. Along with another group of people,known as the Mycenaeans, they heavilyinfluenced the rest of Greekcivilization.
What would a socialscientist from each of thefive themes of socialstudies learn aboutancient civilizations?
1. I can describe the Minoanculture and their history.2. I can describe theMycenaean culture and theirhistory.
As we learn about these twocivilizations, be sure tocompletely fill in all of the areasof your notesheet.This will be vital information foryou later on.
Civilization wascentered on theisland of Crete.As a result ofbeing an islandnation, they builta large sea empirebased on trade.
The center of theirempire was a hugepalace located in aplace calledKnossos. The palace wasbetween 3 and 4stories tall, whichwas large for thetime.
The palace had aworking plumbingsystem in whichtoilet waste wasflushed away by therunning waterdirected into thepalace from anearby river.
Created art onpottery.Painted frescoeson walls.
There were two versionsof Minoan writing: An older script calledLinear A, which hasnever been deciphered. Newer than Linear A,but much older thanancient Greek, which itis the earliest form of,was Linear B, which hasbeen deciphered.
Minoan men andwomen bothparticipated in asport called bullleaping. It was most likelydone as part of areligious ceremony.
Minoan civilizationcame to a quick endafter either a majorearthquake,volcanic eruption,tsunami, invasion,or a combination ofsome or all of thedisasters.
What was thedangeroussport that theMinoansparticipatedin?Bull leaping
But they alsowereconquerorswho were ledby warrior-kings.
The city-state of Troy orIlium controlled the shiptraffic through the narrowstrait that the Greeks calledthe Hellespont. In order to sail through,ships had to pay a tributeto Troy. The Greeks did notappreciate this andeventually went to war overit.
These realconflicts wouldlater serve asinspiration for thelegendary storiesof the Trojan Waras told in Homer’sepic poem, TheIliad.
The wars with Troyand fightingamongst themselvesweakened theMycenaeans to thepoint where theywere invaded anddefeated by theirnorthern neighbors,the Dorians.
1. Create a Venn Diagram in which you compare andcontrast the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations.Minoans Mycenaeans