Take out your maps of the Middle
East
Caspian Sea
Black Sea
Turkey Pal. Ter.
Cyprus
Lebanon
Mediterranean
Israel
Sea

Syria

Baghdad
Iraq

Jerusalem
Cairo
Egypt...
Fertile Crescent Vocabulary 1 & 2
Excavation-Dictionary
BackgammonDictionary
Dates- Dictionary
Plow- Dictionary
Iron- Dict...
Fertile Crescent
Vocabulary
excavation
The exposure,
processing and
recording of
archaeological
remains
backgammon
One of the
world’s oldest
boardgames
dates
The fruit of a
date palm
tree
Plow
A farm tool
used for
breaking up
soil.
iron
An element that
can be used to
create strong
tools,
structures, and
machines.
ziggurat
The sight of the
temple to the
main god or
goddess of a
Sumerian city.
empire
Many
territories and
people
controlled by
one
government
Sumerians
People
from the
earliestknown
civilization
Babylonians
People from
an ancient
region in
southwest
Mesopotamia
Assyrians
People from an
ancient region
in northern
Mesopotamia
Tigris
A river in
Iraq and
Turkey
Euphrates
A river that
flows south
from Turkey
through Syria
and Iraq
Ur
A city in
ancient
Sumer
cuneiform
A form of writing
that used groups
of wedges and
lines; used to
write several
Fertile Crescent
languages
supply
How many
or how
much of a
resource
there is
demand
How much
people
desire or
need a
resource
Ancient Mesopotamia for Children

Watch the video and answer
the questions on the viewing
guide.
Viewing Guide
1.

Mesopotamia
lays
between the
Tigris and
________
Rivers.

1.

A- Euphrates
Viewing Guide
2.

Sir Leonard
Woolley and
his
__________
began a
twelve year
excavation of
the lost city of
Ur.

1. A- Wif...
Viewing Guide
3. In

the royal
tombs at Ur,
the world’s
oldest board
game was
found and is
something
similar to
________.
...
Viewing Guide
4. A huge stepped

tower or
‘___________’
was often at the
heart of
Sumerian cities.

4. B- ziggurat
Viewing Guide
5. The

Sumerian
city of Ur had
a population
of
approximately
____________
people.

5. C- 30,000
Viewing Guide
6. The ancient

Sumerians
enjoyed a type
of wine which
they made from
____________.

6. C- dates
Viewing Guide
7. The Sumerians

invented the
wheel and
made the first
plough out of
_____________.

7. C- bronze
Viewing Guide
8. The

Sumerian’s
writing
system is
known as
cuneiform
from the Latin
word for
_________.

8. B- triangle
Viewing Guide
9. Iron

was
known as
‘___________’

9. B- Metal
from
heaven
Viewing Guide
10. A- Water
10. The city states of
Sumer began to
fight over
____________.
Viewing Guide
11. The

Assyrian
empire
stretched
from parts of
Asia Minor to
___________.

11. A- Israel
What is an empire?
Many territories and peoples
controlled by one
government.
The Story of Sargon II
King Sargon II of Assyria
heard the news: Assyria
had attacked the nearby
kingdoms of Urartu and
Zi...
The Story of Sargon II

How dare they resist
the most powerful
monarch in the world?
In the summer of 714
BC, king Sargon ...
The Story of Sargon II

The two kingdoms
were no match for the
powerful Assyrian
ruler. His armies
quickly overcame the
fo...
The Story of Sargon II
The Assyrians howled with laughter
when they saw the king of Urartu
fleeing on an old horse. Sargon...
Empires
An empire is an area of many territories and
peoples that is controlled by one
government.
Rulers of empires gaine...
Babylonians
Bab-be-Low-Ne-ans
Not baby lions
They were the first
powerful empire in
history.
Hammurabi
Created the Babylonian
Empire in 1787 BC by
conquering the city-states
of Sumer and land to the
north.
Made the ...
The Babylonian Empire

The Babylonians
built roads
throughout the
empire.
Babylon’s location
made it a crossroads
of trade...
Caravans
Groups of traveling
merchants would
take to the roads
and stop in
Babylon to barter
their goods.
Bazaars
Markets, usually
outdoors,
where
merchants and
townspeople
would barter
their goods.
The End of the Babylonians
While Hammurabi was in
control of Babylon,
people to the north
were beginning to gain
some mili...
Quick-Write
2 minutes
At least three lines.
What have you learned
about the Babylonians?
Quick-Write

15
26
37
48
1
2
3
4
00 02 00
1 59
Hours

Minutes

Seconds
Insert Text Here

15
26
37
48
1
2
3
4
00 01 00
0 59
Hours

Minutes

Seconds
The Assyrians
The next empire to
dominate
Mesopotamia.
Assyrians were fierce
warriors and
innovators of military
weapons a...
Assyrian Weapons
Battering
Ram
Assyrian Weapons
Sling
Assyrian Weapons
Archers
Assyrian Weapons
Chariots
But the Assyrians were not just
warriors…

Their capital, Nineveh, was a city of great architecture and
learning.
Nineveh
Ziggurat

Library
The End of the Assyrians

Two groups,
Babylonians and
Medes eventually
joined together to
defeat the
Assyrians.
Quick-Write
2 minutes
At least three lines.
What have you learned
about the Assyrians?
Quick-Write

15
26
37
48
1
2
3
4
00 02 00
1 59
Hours

Minutes

Seconds
Insert Text Here

15
26
37
48
1
2
3
4
00 01 00
0 59
Hours

Minutes

Seconds
Babylonia Rises Again
About 1,000
years after
Hammurabi’s
empire collapsed
the descendants
of the
Babylonians
created a ne...
Nebuchadnezzar
Their mightiest king,
Nebuchadnezzar, rebuilt
Babylon bigger and better
than it had ever been
before.
Center of Learning and Science
Astronomers charted the
paths of the stars and
measured the length of
the year.
They were t...
The Final End of the Babylonians

The Chaldean
empire was
eventually defeated
by a new, even more
powerful
civilization…
T...
Quick-Write
2 minutes
At least three lines.
What have you learned
about the Neo-Babylonians
(or Chaldeans)?
Quick-Write

15
26
37
48
1
2
3
4
00 02 00
1 59
Hours

Minutes

Seconds
Insert Text Here

15
26
37
48
1
2
3
4
00 01 00
0 59
Hours

Minutes

Seconds
The Persian Legacy
The Persians built the
largest empire that the
world had seen up to that
point.
The Persian Legacy
The Persian
religion was
known as
Zoroastrianism.
The Persians
worshipped only
one god.

This is import...
The Difference

Monotheism
The worship of one god.

Polytheism
The worship of many gods.
The Persian Legacy
Their empire was
huge so they
developed
bureaucracy as a
way to rule such a
large area.
We have a
burea...
The Persian Legacy
The Persians did
not force anyone
to change their
beliefs or follow a
new religion.
They allowed
people...
The Persian Legacy
Lasting Influence

Through trade and
conquest, Persian
culture was spread
around the world.
Many of the...
Quick-Write
2 minutes
At least three lines.
What have you learned
about the Persians?
Quick-Write

15
26
37
48
1
2
3
4
00 02 00
1 59
Hours

Minutes

Seconds
Insert Text Here

15
26
37
48
1
2
3
4
00 01 00
0 59
Hours

Minutes

Seconds
Three Tab Book

1. Cut your booklet into three tabs.
2. At the top of each tab, label it: Babylonians,
Assyrians, Persians...
Fertile crescent week 1 power point
Fertile crescent week 1 power point
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Fertile crescent week 1 power point

  1. 1. Take out your maps of the Middle East
  2. 2. Caspian Sea Black Sea Turkey Pal. Ter. Cyprus Lebanon Mediterranean Israel Sea Syria Baghdad Iraq Jerusalem Cairo Egypt Jordan Qatar Saudi Arabia Riyadh Red Sea Tehran Iran Kuwait Persian Gulf United Arab Emirates Oman Yemen Arabian Sea Indian Ocean
  3. 3. Fertile Crescent Vocabulary 1 & 2 Excavation-Dictionary BackgammonDictionary Dates- Dictionary Plow- Dictionary Iron- Dictionary Ziggurat- Glossary Empire- Glossary Sumerians- Index Babylonians- Index Assyrians- Index Tigris- Gazetteer Euphrates- Gazetteer Ur- Gazetteer Cuneiform- Glossary Supply- Dictionary Demand- Dictionary
  4. 4. Fertile Crescent Vocabulary
  5. 5. excavation The exposure, processing and recording of archaeological remains
  6. 6. backgammon One of the world’s oldest boardgames
  7. 7. dates The fruit of a date palm tree
  8. 8. Plow A farm tool used for breaking up soil.
  9. 9. iron An element that can be used to create strong tools, structures, and machines.
  10. 10. ziggurat The sight of the temple to the main god or goddess of a Sumerian city.
  11. 11. empire Many territories and people controlled by one government
  12. 12. Sumerians People from the earliestknown civilization
  13. 13. Babylonians People from an ancient region in southwest Mesopotamia
  14. 14. Assyrians People from an ancient region in northern Mesopotamia
  15. 15. Tigris A river in Iraq and Turkey
  16. 16. Euphrates A river that flows south from Turkey through Syria and Iraq
  17. 17. Ur A city in ancient Sumer
  18. 18. cuneiform A form of writing that used groups of wedges and lines; used to write several Fertile Crescent languages
  19. 19. supply How many or how much of a resource there is
  20. 20. demand How much people desire or need a resource
  21. 21. Ancient Mesopotamia for Children Watch the video and answer the questions on the viewing guide.
  22. 22. Viewing Guide 1. Mesopotamia lays between the Tigris and ________ Rivers. 1. A- Euphrates
  23. 23. Viewing Guide 2. Sir Leonard Woolley and his __________ began a twelve year excavation of the lost city of Ur. 1. A- Wife
  24. 24. Viewing Guide 3. In the royal tombs at Ur, the world’s oldest board game was found and is something similar to ________. 3. B- backgammon
  25. 25. Viewing Guide 4. A huge stepped tower or ‘___________’ was often at the heart of Sumerian cities. 4. B- ziggurat
  26. 26. Viewing Guide 5. The Sumerian city of Ur had a population of approximately ____________ people. 5. C- 30,000
  27. 27. Viewing Guide 6. The ancient Sumerians enjoyed a type of wine which they made from ____________. 6. C- dates
  28. 28. Viewing Guide 7. The Sumerians invented the wheel and made the first plough out of _____________. 7. C- bronze
  29. 29. Viewing Guide 8. The Sumerian’s writing system is known as cuneiform from the Latin word for _________. 8. B- triangle
  30. 30. Viewing Guide 9. Iron was known as ‘___________’ 9. B- Metal from heaven
  31. 31. Viewing Guide 10. A- Water 10. The city states of Sumer began to fight over ____________.
  32. 32. Viewing Guide 11. The Assyrian empire stretched from parts of Asia Minor to ___________. 11. A- Israel
  33. 33. What is an empire? Many territories and peoples controlled by one government.
  34. 34. The Story of Sargon II King Sargon II of Assyria heard the news: Assyria had attacked the nearby kingdoms of Urartu and Zikurtu as planned. But the two kingdoms had joined forces against him.
  35. 35. The Story of Sargon II How dare they resist the most powerful monarch in the world? In the summer of 714 BC, king Sargon II set out to confront his enemies.
  36. 36. The Story of Sargon II The two kingdoms were no match for the powerful Assyrian ruler. His armies quickly overcame the forces of Urartu and killed all who resisted.
  37. 37. The Story of Sargon II The Assyrians howled with laughter when they saw the king of Urartu fleeing on an old horse. Sargon II let him go. He knew the defeated king would serve as a warning to others who might later be tempted to challenge the mighty Assyrians. Sargon II was one of many kings who ruled the Fertile Crescent after the fall of Sumer.
  38. 38. Empires An empire is an area of many territories and peoples that is controlled by one government. Rulers of empires gained great wealth through: Trade Agriculture What is agriculture? Farming
  39. 39. Babylonians Bab-be-Low-Ne-ans Not baby lions They were the first powerful empire in history.
  40. 40. Hammurabi Created the Babylonian Empire in 1787 BC by conquering the city-states of Sumer and land to the north. Made the city of Babylon the capital of his empire.
  41. 41. The Babylonian Empire The Babylonians built roads throughout the empire. Babylon’s location made it a crossroads of trade.
  42. 42. Caravans Groups of traveling merchants would take to the roads and stop in Babylon to barter their goods.
  43. 43. Bazaars Markets, usually outdoors, where merchants and townspeople would barter their goods.
  44. 44. The End of the Babylonians While Hammurabi was in control of Babylon, people to the north were beginning to gain some military strength. Shortly after Hammurabi’s death, the Babylonian Empire was overthrown.
  45. 45. Quick-Write 2 minutes At least three lines. What have you learned about the Babylonians?
  46. 46. Quick-Write 15 26 37 48 1 2 3 4 00 02 00 1 59 Hours Minutes Seconds
  47. 47. Insert Text Here 15 26 37 48 1 2 3 4 00 01 00 0 59 Hours Minutes Seconds
  48. 48. The Assyrians The next empire to dominate Mesopotamia. Assyrians were fierce warriors and innovators of military weapons and techniques.
  49. 49. Assyrian Weapons Battering Ram
  50. 50. Assyrian Weapons Sling
  51. 51. Assyrian Weapons Archers
  52. 52. Assyrian Weapons Chariots
  53. 53. But the Assyrians were not just warriors… Their capital, Nineveh, was a city of great architecture and learning.
  54. 54. Nineveh Ziggurat Library
  55. 55. The End of the Assyrians Two groups, Babylonians and Medes eventually joined together to defeat the Assyrians.
  56. 56. Quick-Write 2 minutes At least three lines. What have you learned about the Assyrians?
  57. 57. Quick-Write 15 26 37 48 1 2 3 4 00 02 00 1 59 Hours Minutes Seconds
  58. 58. Insert Text Here 15 26 37 48 1 2 3 4 00 01 00 0 59 Hours Minutes Seconds
  59. 59. Babylonia Rises Again About 1,000 years after Hammurabi’s empire collapsed the descendants of the Babylonians created a new empire. They called themselves Chaldeans
  60. 60. Nebuchadnezzar Their mightiest king, Nebuchadnezzar, rebuilt Babylon bigger and better than it had ever been before.
  61. 61. Center of Learning and Science Astronomers charted the paths of the stars and measured the length of the year. They were the first to use a system dividing time into increments of 60. Farmers raised honey bees.
  62. 62. The Final End of the Babylonians The Chaldean empire was eventually defeated by a new, even more powerful civilization… The Persians
  63. 63. Quick-Write 2 minutes At least three lines. What have you learned about the Neo-Babylonians (or Chaldeans)?
  64. 64. Quick-Write 15 26 37 48 1 2 3 4 00 02 00 1 59 Hours Minutes Seconds
  65. 65. Insert Text Here 15 26 37 48 1 2 3 4 00 01 00 0 59 Hours Minutes Seconds
  66. 66. The Persian Legacy The Persians built the largest empire that the world had seen up to that point.
  67. 67. The Persian Legacy The Persian religion was known as Zoroastrianism. The Persians worshipped only one god. This is important because most other ancient people worshipped many different gods and goddesses.
  68. 68. The Difference Monotheism The worship of one god. Polytheism The worship of many gods.
  69. 69. The Persian Legacy Their empire was huge so they developed bureaucracy as a way to rule such a large area. We have a bureaucracy in the US today. Bureaucracy
  70. 70. The Persian Legacy The Persians did not force anyone to change their beliefs or follow a new religion. They allowed people to keep their own culture. Tolerance
  71. 71. The Persian Legacy Lasting Influence Through trade and conquest, Persian culture was spread around the world. Many of their achievements survive today in our own civilization.
  72. 72. Quick-Write 2 minutes At least three lines. What have you learned about the Persians?
  73. 73. Quick-Write 15 26 37 48 1 2 3 4 00 02 00 1 59 Hours Minutes Seconds
  74. 74. Insert Text Here 15 26 37 48 1 2 3 4 00 01 00 0 59 Hours Minutes Seconds
  75. 75. Three Tab Book 1. Cut your booklet into three tabs. 2. At the top of each tab, label it: Babylonians, Assyrians, Persians 3. On the cover of the tab, draw the outline of the empire’s territory using the map on page 39 as a guide. 4. Inside the appropriate tab, write down what you think are the 5 most important details about each empire.

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