Cultural Geography
Religions of the World
Religion (The Basics)
Religion is a belief in a supernatural
power or powers that are regarded as
the creators and maintai...
Types of Religions
Monotheistic religions believe in one
god.
Polytheistic religions believe in many
gods.
Animistic or tr...
Religions of the World
Religions of the World
Religions of the World

Red = Christianity, Green = Islam
Religions of the World
Religion

Followers

Christianity

1.9 billion

Islam

1.1 billion

Hinduism

781 million

Buddhism...
Southwest Asia
The three religions that began in
Southwest Asia are:
A. Judaism (2000 BCE)
B. Christianity (26-36 CE)
C. I...
Judaism
Some of the major beliefs of Judaism are:
A. Monotheism - There is one god who is all
powerful and all knowing.
B....
Western Wall
Star of David
Christianity
Christianity was heavily influenced by
Judaism. Some of the major beliefs of
Christianity are:
A. Monotheism ...
Christianity
Christians believe the Old and New
Testaments of the Bible are holy books.
The first four books of the New
Te...
Christianity
Some branches of Christianity are:
Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, and
Eastern Orthodox.
Orthodox Christianity
Saint Basil’s
Icons
Islam
Islam is a monotheistic religion that
developed in Saudi Arabia in the early
600s. Islam is directly related to
Juda...
Islam
Islam
The five pillars or central teachings of Islam are:
A. A statement of faith
B. Prayer (five times a day in the direc...
Islam
The teachings of Muhammed were
collected into a book called the Koran.
Muslims worship in buildings called
mosques.
Dome of the Rock
Mecca
Crescent and Star
Hinduism
Hinduism is one of the oldest religions
in the world. It is a polytheistic religion
that originated in South Asia...
Hinduism
Atman is the spirit or soul of a person, which
most Hindus believe, is eternal.
Brahman refers to a supreme spiri...
Hinduism
Hindus believe in reincarnation and
karma. A person dies, then lives again,
until they finally reach moksha.
Hind...
Hinduism
The caste system is a system of social
organization in India. When a person is
born they are born into one of fou...
Hinduism
A.
B.
C.
D.

The castes are:
Brahmins: Teachers and priests.
Kshatriyas: Warriors, nobles, and
kings.
Vaishyas: F...
Angkor Wat
Buddhism
Buddhism is related to Hinduism and
shares many of the same basic beliefs.
The relationship between Buddhism
and ...
Buddhism
Buddhism was founded by a man
named Siddhartha who was born
around 500 - 400 B.C. in Nepal.
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
Taoism
Taoism is a religion or philosophy that
began in China around 500 - 400 B.C.
Tradition says that Taoism is based on...
Taoism
The Tao is called the Great Mother
Empty yet inexhaustible,
It gives birth to infinite worlds.
It is always present...
Taoism
Confucianism
Confucianism is a philosophy that
began in China around 500 - 400 B.C.
It is based on the teachings of
Confuc...
Ancestor Worship
One ancient belief that has been
incorporated into many religions in Asia
is the idea of worshipping and
...
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World Religions

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Identifying the Five Major Religions of the World

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World Religions

  1. 1. Cultural Geography Religions of the World
  2. 2. Religion (The Basics) Religion is a belief in a supernatural power or powers that are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe.
  3. 3. Types of Religions Monotheistic religions believe in one god. Polytheistic religions believe in many gods. Animistic or traditional religions often believe that different aspects of nature have divine powers.
  4. 4. Religions of the World
  5. 5. Religions of the World
  6. 6. Religions of the World Red = Christianity, Green = Islam
  7. 7. Religions of the World Religion Followers Christianity 1.9 billion Islam 1.1 billion Hinduism 781 million Buddhism 324 million Sikhism 19 million Judaism 14 million
  8. 8. Southwest Asia The three religions that began in Southwest Asia are: A. Judaism (2000 BCE) B. Christianity (26-36 CE) C. Islam (610 CE)
  9. 9. Judaism Some of the major beliefs of Judaism are: A. Monotheism - There is one god who is all powerful and all knowing. B. This god made a special covenant or agreement with Abraham, who is the ‘father’ of the Jewish people. C. God revealed his laws to his people through Moses and the ten commandments.
  10. 10. Western Wall
  11. 11. Star of David
  12. 12. Christianity Christianity was heavily influenced by Judaism. Some of the major beliefs of Christianity are: A. Monotheism - There is one god who is all powerful and all knowing. B. Jesus Christ died for the sins of humankind. C. Salvation comes from faith in God.
  13. 13. Christianity Christians believe the Old and New Testaments of the Bible are holy books. The first four books of the New Testament were written by followers of Jesus.
  14. 14. Christianity Some branches of Christianity are: Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, and Eastern Orthodox.
  15. 15. Orthodox Christianity
  16. 16. Saint Basil’s
  17. 17. Icons
  18. 18. Islam Islam is a monotheistic religion that developed in Saudi Arabia in the early 600s. Islam is directly related to Judaism and Christianity. Islam was founded by the Prophet Muhammed who lived from 570 to 632 in Saudi Arabia.
  19. 19. Islam
  20. 20. Islam The five pillars or central teachings of Islam are: A. A statement of faith B. Prayer (five times a day in the direction of Mecca) C. Charity D. Pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in your lifetime (called the Hajj) E. Fasting (during the month of Ramadan)
  21. 21. Islam The teachings of Muhammed were collected into a book called the Koran. Muslims worship in buildings called mosques.
  22. 22. Dome of the Rock
  23. 23. Mecca
  24. 24. Crescent and Star
  25. 25. Hinduism Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world. It is a polytheistic religion that originated in South Asia, present day India, around 2500 B.C.E.
  26. 26. Hinduism Atman is the spirit or soul of a person, which most Hindus believe, is eternal. Brahman refers to a supreme spirit but it can also mean an infinite and unchanging reality. Hindus believe that the goal of life is to realize that your atman is the same as Brahman and thereby reach moksha, or liberation.
  27. 27. Hinduism Hindus believe in reincarnation and karma. A person dies, then lives again, until they finally reach moksha. Hindus have several holy books called Vedas, Upanishads, and the epics the Mahabharata and Ramayana.
  28. 28. Hinduism The caste system is a system of social organization in India. When a person is born they are born into one of four castes or as a Dalit. This system has led to discrimination and has been outlawed in India. Hindus still debate whether the caste system is part of Hinduism or an outdated social custom.
  29. 29. Hinduism A. B. C. D. The castes are: Brahmins: Teachers and priests. Kshatriyas: Warriors, nobles, and kings. Vaishyas: Farmers, merchants, and businessmen. Shudras: Servants and laborers.
  30. 30. Angkor Wat
  31. 31. Buddhism Buddhism is related to Hinduism and shares many of the same basic beliefs. The relationship between Buddhism and Hinduism is similar to the relationship between Christianity and Judaism.
  32. 32. Buddhism Buddhism was founded by a man named Siddhartha who was born around 500 - 400 B.C. in Nepal.
  33. 33. Buddhism
  34. 34. Buddhism
  35. 35. Buddhism
  36. 36. Taoism Taoism is a religion or philosophy that began in China around 500 - 400 B.C. Tradition says that Taoism is based on the teachings of Laozi. The Tao Te Ching is a collection of Laozi’s teachings.
  37. 37. Taoism The Tao is called the Great Mother Empty yet inexhaustible, It gives birth to infinite worlds. It is always present within you. You can use it any way you want.
  38. 38. Taoism
  39. 39. Confucianism Confucianism is a philosophy that began in China around 500 - 400 B.C. It is based on the teachings of Confucius. Confucianism is concerned mainly with social organization. It emphasizes respect for elders and education.
  40. 40. Ancestor Worship One ancient belief that has been incorporated into many religions in Asia is the idea of worshipping and respecting one’s ancestors. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nDRdclRhmts
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