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Climate change adaptation in SADC: a strategy for the Water Sector

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  • 1. CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION IN SADC: A STRATEGY FOR THE WATER SECTOR 2nd workshop on adaptation to climate change in transboundary basins 12-13 April, 2011 Geneva, SwitzerlandBertrand Meinier, PhD Kenneth M. Msibi, PhD GIZ, TWM in SADC SADC Secretariat Gaborone, Botswana Gaborone, Botswana
  • 2. Outline Background Process Strategy Lessons learnt
  • 3. Water in SADC:Transboundary
  • 4. Trends: variability Climate will become hotter (3° C) and drier (10%) Precipitation patterns are changing (volume, intensity, frequency, distribution) Water resources are changing (quality and availability) Frequency and intensity of floods and droughts is changing Uncertainty
  • 5. Certainty # 1 : Variability has an impact Rainfall variability and Real GDP growth in Zimbabwe during 1970-93
  • 6. Certainty #2: Investments have an impact GDP in SA (2005 prices)
  • 7. Adaption in SADC: Process Donors Directors Donors Directors Experts ExpertsMinisters SADC Water Ministers Division Consulta- Concept-Inception Validation Approval tion ualisation 2008 2011 COP 17
  • 8. SADC Strategy: No regrets LEVELS OF INTERVENTIONS SADC Adaptation Cube Governance AREAS OF ManagementINTERVENTIONS Development STAGES OF ADAPTATION
  • 9. Interventions: Water Governance (on going) Benefit-sharing Promote equitable and reasonable utilisation Indigenous knowledge Account for TEK Political mobilization Develop a joint position on CCA in the region19.04.2011
  • 10. Interventions: Infrastructure Development (on going) Vulnerability assessment Develop evidence based scenarios Dam synchronisation Develop new dam operation rules Project preparation Develop sustainable and bankable projects19.04.2011
  • 11. Interventions: Water Management (on going) Water demand management Advocate pro-poor WDM practices Insurance mechanisms Early warning system Establish flow forecasting centres19.04.2011
  • 12. Challenges• Heterogeneity• Consensus• Cross cutting• Indigenous knowledge
  • 13. Opportunities Cooperation between sectors Sustainable infrastructure development
  • 14. Thank you! “It is better to be approximately right than precisely wrong” John Maynard Keynes