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Suenose Imagens

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Sueños e Imágenes Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
    • 2. Consciencia
      • The awareness of the sensations, thoughts, and feelings being experienced
      • at a given moment
        • Waking consciousness
        • Altered states of
        • consciousness
      Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Ryan McVay/Getty Images
    • 3. Stages of Sleep
      • Stage 1
        • - The stage of transition between wakefulness and sleep that is characterized by relatively rapid, low-voltage brain waves
      Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
      • Stage 2
        • Characterized by a slower, more regular wave pattern and momentary interruptions of sharply pointed spiky waves called sleep spindles
    • 4. Stages of Sleep
      • Stage 3
        • Brain waves become slower with an appearance of higher peaks and lower valleys in the wave pattern
      • Stage 4
        • Deepest stage of sleep where people are least responsive to outside stimuli and the wave patterns are more slower and regular
      Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
    • 5. REM Sleep: The Paradox of Sleep
      • Sleep that occupies a little over 20% of an adult’s sleeping time and is characterized by
      • Rapid eye movement
      • Increased and irregular heart rate
      • Increase in blood pressure
      • Increase in breathing rate
      • Erections in males
      • Usually accompanied by dreams
      • Person’s body is typically “paralyzed”
      Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
    • 6. The Function and Meaning of Dreaming
      • Unconscious wish fulfillment theory (Freud 1900)
        • Proposed that dreams represented unconscious wishes that dreamers desire to see fulfilled
        • Latent content refers to the “disguised” meaning of the dream
        • Manifest content refers to the actual story line of the dream
      Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. PhotoLink/Getty Images Royalty-Free/CORBIS
    • 7. The Function and Meaning of Dreaming
      • Dreams-for-survival theory
        • Dreams permit information that is critical for our daily survival to be reconsidered and reprocessed during sleep
      Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
    • 8. The Function and Meaning of Dreaming
      • Activation-synthesis theory
        • The brain produces random electrical energy during REM sleep that stimulates memories lodged in various portions of the brain which are put together to make a logical story line
      Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Royalty-Free/CORBIS
    • 9. Sleep Disturbances
      • Insomnia
      • Sleep apnea
      • Sudden infant death syndrome
      • Narcolepsy
      • Sleepwalking
      Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Geoff Manasse/Getty Images
    • 10. Circadian Rhythms: Life Cycles
      • Biological processes that occur repeatedly on approximately a 24-hour cycle
        • -Seasonal affective disorder
        • -Jet lag
      • Daydreams
      Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Keith Brofsky/Getty Images