Script writing, story boarding, and site selection issues

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Useful information for students and teachers interested in making films. Contains steps, tips, and links.

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Script writing, story boarding, and site selection issues

  1. 1. Script Writing, StoryBoarding, and SiteSelection IssuesMachinEVO Week 2
  2. 2. Scriptwriting BenefitsFilming and editing become much easier since less takes and cuts areneeded.
  3. 3. Scriptwriting BenefitsFinding an appropriate set/sim, costumes, and props is easier .
  4. 4. Scriptwriting StepsStep 1: Prewriting—Brainstorming your goal and how to achieve that goal.
  5. 5. Example Goals* Illustrate: A grammar point—past tense, conditionals . . . A language function—expressing anger, ordering from a menu . . . Vocabulary terms—body parts, idioms, . . .* Tell a story for students to understand or draw conclusions from.* Record students acting out a script.* Having students use English in an intense way while creating videos on a topic you or they choose.
  6. 6. Scriptwriting StepsStep 2: Creating an outline—the major actions that need to becovered in the different scenes of the script.
  7. 7. Scriptwriting StepsStep 3: Pitch—especially useful for your students to do since itrequires them to present their ideas to the class.
  8. 8. Scriptwriting StepsStep 4: The script—the setting and dialog for your scenes.
  9. 9. Scriptwriting StepsStep 5: The storyboard—simple drawings that illustrate camera angles andessential costumes and props.
  10. 10. Useful Scriptwriting Tools Story Generators: Roleplay Scenarios
  11. 11. Useful Scriptwriting ToolsStory Generators: Story Dice
  12. 12. Useful Scriptwriting ToolsStory Generators: Opening Lines
  13. 13. Useful Screenwriting ToolsScreenwriting Software: • https://story.adobe.com/en-us/index.html • www.moviedraft.com/
  14. 14. Useful Screenwriting ToolsScreenwriting YouTube Video: Scriptwriting by AFI ScreenNationhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2JcJNul9y4k&feature=share&list=PLna7STDz_DyLBdlzcNWhChpCBZ5QVSG6u
  15. 15. Useful Screenwriting ToolsBasic Scriptwriting ConventionsInterior/Exterior -- Location -- Time of dayDescription of where characters are and what they are doing Identify speaker Speaker’s lines Other film-making notes
  16. 16. Useful Screenwriting ToolsBasic Scriptwriting ConventionsINT. – BEDROOM – AFTERNOONJenner leans on the wall next to the bed. James is in bed; his motherstands over him. She smiles a slight smile. MOTHER Doctor Jenner, could you please come here for a moment. DISSOLVE TO JAMES’ FACE. JENNER (V.O.) Just a second. FADE OUT.
  17. 17. Useful Screenwriting ToolsBasic Scriptwriting Conventions = 1 minute of screen time
  18. 18. Story Boarding: Why Bother?Storyboarding helps you: 1. Discover problems before you start filming 2. Make sure everyone is on the same page about what needs to be done 3. Analyze what shots and angles you want (wide establishing shots, close-ups, cutaways, etc.) 4. Think about the purpose, props, dialogue, and action you need in each shot 5. Make it evident when you are repeating ideas already covered by previous action or dialogue.
  19. 19. Storyboarding Examples Use a simple form.
  20. 20. Storyboarding Examples Draw right on your script.
  21. 21. Storyboarding Examples Use comic software, like Comic Life, to make your storyboard.
  22. 22. Storyboarding Examples If you absolutely don’t want to draw, at least use a detailed Excel sheet.
  23. 23. Storyboarding AidsTips in “Cinematic Storytelling” document
  24. 24. Storyboarding AidsYou Tube Videos • Storyboarding by AFI ScreenNation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pWPjjoOFIu8&feature=share&list= PLna7STDz_DyLBdlzcNWhChpCBZ5QVSG6u • Zero Budget Storyboarding http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vcXfgBLRv_E&feature=share&list= PLna7STDz_DyLBdlzcNWhChpCBZ5QVSG6u • Storyboarding Tutorial http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4ekzThzjj0&feature=share&list=P Lna7STDz_DyLBdlzcNWhChpCBZ5QVSG6u • Alfred Hitchcock On Mastering Cinematic Tension http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DPFsuc_M_3E&feature=share&list =PLna7STDz_DyLBdlzcNWhChpCBZ5QVSG6u
  25. 25. Storyboarding AidsYou Tube Videos detail types of shots and much more.
  26. 26. Storyboarding AidsYou Tube Videos detail types of shots and much more.
  27. 27. Storyboarding AidsYou Tube Videos detail types of shots and much more.
  28. 28. Storyboarding AidsYou Tube Videos detail types of shots and much more.
  29. 29. Storyboarding AidsYou Tube Videos detail types of shots and much more.
  30. 30. Storyboarding AidsYou Tube Videos detail types of shots and much more.
  31. 31. Storyboarding AidsYou Tube Videos detail types of shots and much more.
  32. 32. Storyboarding AidsYou Tube Videos detail types of shots and much more.
  33. 33. Storyboarding AidsYou Tube Videos detail types of shots and much more.
  34. 34. Storyboarding AidsYou Tube Videos detail types of shots and much more.
  35. 35. Storyboarding AidsYou Tube Videos detail types of shots and much more. A rule-of-thirds shot
  36. 36. Site Selection CriteriaPartial list of factors:1. Is it necessary to get permission to film?2. Is the sim voice-enabled?3. Are there useful or annoying background sounds?4. Are there avatars on the sim that might be useful as extras or problematic?5. Is it possible to shoot several different type of scenes on the same sim?
  37. 37. Site Resources: Historic or Culturally Rich SimsAncient Rome, King Arthur’s court, theWild West, Parisian catacombs, Berlin inthe 1920’s, modern New York, outer spacecolonies, underwater cities, etc.Visit SL Destinations to choose the bestplace for your machinima:http://secondlife.com/destinations?lang=en-US
  38. 38. Site Resources: EduNation HolodecksA holodeck stores Second Life scenesand lets you load them from a menuwhenever you want.Scenes can include any primobject, including furniture, poseballs, and particle generators.The following links give moreinformation on holodecks: • http://insidethisworld.com/the- holodeck.html • http://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/Ho lodeck
  39. 39. Site Resources: Simple Cube SetsSample--easy to alter or build from scratch
  40. 40. Machinima Open Studio ProjectMachinima Open Stage Project Blog: http://machinimasl.blogspot.dk/MOSP Welcome Area: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/130/125/22Sound Stage 1: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/31/110/1204Sound Stage 2: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/38/105/1492Sound Stage 3: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/38/105/1667Sound Stage 4: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/38/105/1843Peaceful Valley: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/114/167/23New Orleans: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/139/123/2746Gypsy Camp: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/222/219/723Night Beach: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/46/125/3007Corporate Office: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/129/125/2031Beach Walk: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/93/32/21Streets and Subway: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/34/100/1005Stone Ruins: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/224/226/814Park: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/224/229/501Shadow Lands: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/LEA20/19/231/3701
  41. 41. Suggested Work to Complete BeforeNext Week: 1. Form film-making groups. 2. Prepare scripts/story boards. 3. Take photos of your sets/sims and costumes.
  42. 42. Additional ResourcesPowerPoint illustrating SL basics: http://www.slideshare.net/bmcqueen2/sl-how-tos-16128694
  43. 43. Additional ResourcesPDFs on SL Basics: • SL Basics.pdf • SL Basics Part 2.pdf
  44. 44. Additional Resources

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