Known for Constructivism, Genetic epistemology (refers to the study of origins of knowledge), Theory of cognitive development, Object permanence and Egocentrism.
Was a French-speaking Swiss development psychologist and philosopher known for his theory of knowledge with children.
His theory of cognitive development and epistemological views are together called ‘’genetic epistemology’’
Cognitive development refers to the mental representations, memory processing and ability to make meaning out of one’s surroundings. A child learns to gradually appreciate the perspectives of others and communicate their thoughts and feelings to others.
Piaget placed great importance on the education of children. As the Director of the International Bureau of Education.
Piaget created the International Center for Genetic Epistemology in Geneva in 1955 and directed it until 1980.
Jean Piaget was known as ‘’the great pioneer of the constructivist theory of knowing’’
First Piaget: investigated the hidden side of children’s minds. Piaget proposed that children moved from a position of egocentrism (thinking of one’s self) to sociocentrism (the tendency to believe that one's ethnic or cultural group is centrally important, and that all other groups are measured in relation to one's own).
Second Piaget: The first part, which is from the first stage, was the content of children's thinking. The second part was the process of intellectual activity. He believed this process of thinking could be regarded as an extension of the biological process of adaptation
Third Piaget: Intelligence develops in a series of stages that are related to age and are progressive because one stage must be accomplished before the next can occur. For each stage of development the child forms a view of reality for that age period.
Henry Beilin described Jean Piaget's theoretical research program as consisting of four phases: 1 The sociological model of development, 2. The biological model of intellectual development, 3. The elaboration of the logical model of intellectual development, 4. The study of figurative thought. For example, a child may have a schema about a type of animal, such as a dog. If the child's sole experience has been with small dogs, a child might believe that all dogs are small, furry, and have four legs. Suppose then that the child encounters a very large dog. The child will take in this new information, modifying the previously existing schema to include this new information.
Teachings 1. Children will provide different explanations of reality at different stages of cognitive development. 2. Cognitive development is facilitated by providing activities or situations that engage learners and require adaptation (i.e., assimilation and accommodation). 3. Learning materials and activities should involve the appropriate level of motor or mental operations for a child of given age; avoid asking students to perform tasks that are beyond their current cognitive capabilities. 4. Use teaching methods that actively involve students and present challenges.